Difference Between Mandarin Oranges and Clementines (With Table)

Mandarin Oranges and Clementine are both types of oranges. They look similar to each other not only in texture but also in the features and, hence, are often misinterpreted with each other. Although these are both types of oranges and have some similar features, they differ from each other in many ways. 

Mandarin Oranges vs Clementine

The difference between Mandarin oranges and Clementine is that- Mandarin oranges are a type of citrus fruit, whereas Clementine is a type of Mandarin. This implies the fact that every Mandarin orange is not clementine, but every clementine is a Mandarin orange.  

A Mandarin orange is a citrus fruit from the Rutaceae family. Mandarins are further divided into three main varieties- Satsumas, Tangerines, and Clementine. The scientific name of a Mandarin orange is Citrus reticulata. Mandarins have a lighter shade of orange colour and are flatter in shape. These are small and sweet oranges. However, they are usually less sweet than Clementine.  

Clementine is a variety or type of Mandarin oranges. This implies the fact that every Mandarin orange is not a clementine. However, every clementine is a Mandarin orange. Mandarin oranges are available in several varieties, but clementines are the smallest of all. They are flat in shape and are easier to peel than Mandarins. Clementines are sweeter than Mandarins.   

Comparison Table Between Mandarin Oranges and Clementine

Parameters of Comparison   Mandarin Oranges  Clementines
 Type   
A Mandarin orange is a citrus fruit from the Rutaceae family that is further divided into three varieties- Satsumas, Tangerines, and Clementine.  
Clementines are varieties of Mandarin oranges. They belong to the category of Mandarins. 
 
Scientific Name 
 
The scientific name of a Mandarin orange is Citrus reticulata.  The scientific name of a Clementine is Citrus x Clementina 
 
Nutrition 
 Less nutritious than Clementines.   More nutritious than Mandarins. 
 
Classification  
 Every Mandarin is not a Clementine.  Every Clementine is a Mandarin. 
 
Taste  
 Mandarins are less sweet than Clementines.   Clementines are sweeter than Mandarins. 
 Size   Mandarins are not as small in size as Clementines.  
Clementines are the smallest of all Mandarin varieties.  
 Skin   Mandarin oranges have thinner skin that makes it easier to peel off.  
Clementines have more thin skins than Mandarins, and, hence, are easier to peel off than Mandarins.  
 Seeds  Mandarins have seeds present.  
Clementines do not contain seeds, and, hence are seedless.  
 Colour 
 Mandarins have a light orange colour. 

 Clementines have a reddish-orange colour. They have a darker shade of orange. 

What are Mandarin Oranges? 

A Mandarin orange is a citrus fruit from the Rutaceae family. Mandarins are further divided into three main varieties- Satsumas, Tangerines, and Clementine. Therefore, all Clementines are Mandarin oranges, but not all Mandarin oranges are Clementines.  

The scientific name of a Mandarin orange is Citrus reticulata. Mandarins have a lighter and brighter shade of orange colour. They are oblate and less spherical and are small in size. Mandarins have thin skin, and hence, it is easier to peel their skin off.  

Mandarin oranges are not as sweet as Clementines and are also not as nutritious as Clementines. Mandarin oranges have seeds. They have grown abundantly in China.  

What are Clementines? 

Clementine is a variety or type of Mandarin oranges. This implies the fact that all Mandarin oranges are not clementine, but all clementines are a type of Mandarin oranges. The scientific name of Clementine is Citrus x, Clementina.  

Clementines have a darker reddish shade of orange and are the smallest of all Mandarin varieties. They are sweeter and have thinner skin than Mandarins. Hence, their skin is easier to peel off than Mandarin oranges.  

Clementines are also more nutritious than Mandarin oranges. Clementines are grown abundantly in Algeria, Italy, Turkey, and Spain. 

Main Differences Between Mandarin Oranges and Clementines

  1. A Mandarin orange is a citrus fruit from the Rutaceae family. Mandarins are further divided into three main varieties- Satsumas, Tangerines, and Clementine. On the other hand, Clementines are a part of Mandarin oranges.  
  2. Every Mandarin orange is not a Clementine. However, every Clementine is a Mandarin orange.  
  3. Mandarin oranges are less sweet than Clementines, whereas, Clementines are the sweetest category of Mandarins. 
  4. Mandarin oranges are small in size. However, Clementines are the smallest of all Mandarin varieties.  
  5. Mandarin oranges have a thin skin, and, hence, it is easy to peel off. On the other hand, Clementines have smoother and thinner skin than mandarins, and hence, are easier to peel off.  
  6. Mandarins are less nutritious than Clementines. Clementines, on the other hand, are more nutritious. 
  7. Mandarin oranges have seeds present in them, whereas Clementines do not have seeds.  
  8. Mandarin oranges have a lighter and brighter orange colour, whereas Clementines have a darker or reddish-orange colour. 
  9. The scientific name of a Mandarin orange is Citrus reticulata. On the other hand, the scientific name of a Clementine is Citrus x, Clementina. 

Conclusion 

Mandarin Oranges and Clementine are both types of oranges. They look similar to each other not only in texture but also in the features and, hence, are often misinterpreted with each other. Although these are both types of oranges and have some similar features, they differ from each other in many ways.  

The scientific name of a Mandarin orange is Citrus reticulata. A Mandarin orange is a citrus fruit from the Rutaceae family. Mandarins are further divided into three main varieties- Satsumas, Tangerines, and Clementine. Mandarins have a lighter shade of orange colour and are flatter in shape. These are small and sweet oranges. However, they are usually less sweet than Clementine.  

Clementine is a variety or type of Mandarin oranges. This implies the fact that every Mandarin orange is not a clementine. However, every clementine is a Mandarin orange. Clementines are the smallest of all Mandarin varieties. They are flat in shape and are easier to peel than Mandarins. Clementines are sweeter than Mandarins.    

The main point of difference between Mandarin oranges and Clementine is that- Mandarin oranges are a type of citrus fruit, whereas Clementine is a type of Mandarin. This implies the fact that every Mandarin orange is not a clementine. However, every clementine is a Mandarin orange. 

References 

  1. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0304423801003119 
  2. https://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/jf900710v 
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