Difference Between Maternity Leave and Parental Leave (With Table)

There are distinct types of leave takes by the employees. For some furlough employees are gets paid. Both maternity leave and parental leave are taking care of the newborn child. Maternity leave is allowed only for women employees and parental leave is allowed for both male and female employees.

Maternity Leave vs Parental Leave

The difference between maternity leave and parental leave lies in the person who gets the leave. Maternity leave is only for pregnant women. Parental leave is available for mothers, fathers, and the partner stays with women giving birth to the child. The international labor organization can make the step for parental leave in 2014 in 185 countries. Maternity leave can length up to 18 consecutive weeks, and parental leave can length up to 65 continuous weeks.

Maternity leave is for pregnant women who are employed. You have the right to take off or working in part-time. Every woman working in the office is allowed to take maternity leave despite their experience. Generally, maternity leave is not paid, but you get benefits by applying for insurance. The maximum period for maternity leave is 12 months. Maternity leave comes under parental leave. The women who undergo a miscarriage also have the same benefits.

Parental leave can take by the mother and father. If it is without pay, then it is unpaid. Some organizations provide paid parental leave. Parental leave differs from parental leave for childbirth and parental leave for adoption. The mothers may take the combined maternity and parental leave together for their health issues. The parental leave must end 72 weeks after the child’s birth.

Comparison Table Between Maternity Leave and Parental Leave

Parameters of ComparisonMaternity Leave Parental Leave
Who takes the leaveMaternity leave is for pregnant women.Parental leave is for mother and father.
Leave before deliveryMaternity Leave starts 16 weeks before the expected date of deliveryThe parental leave is on the week when the child is born.
Leave after deliveryMaternity leave ends 20 weeks after the childbirthParental leave ends 78 weeks after the childbirth
Length of leaveIt takes 18 continuous weeksIt takes 65 continuous weeks
Paid and unpaid leaveMaternity leave is paid for 26 weeksParental leave is unpaid.

What is Maternity Leave?

Maternity leave is for pregnant women who are employed. In 1911, the child-bearing pain of women are recognized. The UK is the first country to introduce maternity leave through the employment protection act. Finland offers the lengthiest maternity leave in the world. The employer is aware of the legislation about maternity leave for women. The countries have distinct benefits for maternity leave.

Every woman is allowed these maternity benefits as child-bearing is a profoundly burning process that may even cause some physical injury to the woman or severely reduce her productivity and efficiency. If the employer will fail to recognize the maternity period for his women employee, then he is sentenced to prison for at least three months. And also pay the fine of three thousand rupees.

The underlying objective of such motherhood benefits is to protect the importance of Motherhood. It is essential to provide complete health care to the woman when she is can not perform her duties. The economic independence and self-reliance of a female employee by protecting her from any possible subjugation and discrimination while she savors the most splendid natural phenomenon of being a mother is the rights of every woman.

What is Parental Leave?

Parental leave can takes by the mother and father. Representative Patricia Schroeder (D-CO) is an organization that introduced parental leave in 1985. Parental leave is that the employee takes off from work to take care of their children without pay. It is called a job-protected leave for parents who are employed. Every country has its own rules and regulations for parental leave. Some countries denoting parental leave as non-transferable leave.

Unlike maternity leave, parental leave is the family right. Both the mother and father have the right to take parental leave. Entitlements may consist of a mixture of family and individual rights. In some countries, maternity leave comes under parental leave. The parental leave is called home care, and an extension is also available for the parental leave. Some countries provide a paid parental leave to increase the take-up rate. Gender discrimination can make it equal to both the mother and father.

Proper notice of request must be given before taking the leave. Employees can take up to four weeks per year out of the 18-week entitlement as parental leave unless their employer agrees to a longer period. The employer has the right to postpone the request on business grounds for up to six months. Parental leave includes pay and benefits.

Main Differences Between Maternity Leave and Parental Leave

  1. Maternity leave is for pregnant women, and parental leave is for mother and father.
  2. Maternity Leave starts 16 weeks before the expected date of delivery, and the parental leave is on the week when the child is born.
  3. Maternity leave ends 20 weeks after childbirth, and parental leave ends 78 weeks after childbirth.
  4. Maternity leave takes 18 continuous weeks, and parental leave takes 65 continuous weeks.
  5. Maternity leave is paid for 26 weeks, and parental leave is unpaid.

Conclusion

Both maternity and parental leave are introduced for the benefits of the employees. Maternity leave is for the women employees, and parental leave is for the parents of the child. Maternity leave can honor motherhood and parental leave is for home care or child care. All the countries have passed the law for maternity and parental leave. It is essential that the employer must recognize the maternity and parental leave else he faces the consequences. They both are considered job-protected leave. Every country has rules and regulations to follow in maternity and parental leave. The employees must give notice to the employer before the maternity and parental leave.

References

  1. https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/0022185616643558
  2. https://wfrn.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/09/Parental-Leave-Policies-in-21-Countries-Assessing-Generosity-and-Gender-Equality-An-Interview-with-Janet-Gornick-and-Rebecca-Ray-by-Judi-Casey-and-Karen-Corday-intl-corner.pdf
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