Difference Between Naan and Roti (With Table)

Both naan and roti are different types of Indian flatbread. They are very much different in many aspects, but both have many similarities to them.

Naan vs Roti

The difference between naan and roti is that naan is made up of a maida and is heavier as it has filling inside it. On the other hand, roti is made up of wheat flour, and they are lighter as they do not have any filling. Roti is also served with meat, vegetables, or pulse.

Naan is a type of leavened bread made of Indian white flour; just like pastry flour, it is powdery and delicate. Naan is mainly eaten with curry, and a spoon is used for picking up the vegetables and meat and also for the sauce. Naan is often experienced with black seeds, which give a little bit of flavor of astringent.

Rotis are flatbread food, which is very common in India. This dish can be eaten with sauces, curries, or it can also be eaten with honey or wrapped around the food. Rotis are mainly made in India as a dinner or breakfast or sometimes as lunch.

Comparison Between Naan and Roti

Parameter of Comparison Naan Roti 
Types Naan has a different type, like stuffed, buttered, and flavored.Phulka, tandoori roti and roomali roti.
Calories Naan has high calories in it.Roti has low calories in it.            
Shapes Naan can be made in different types of shapes.Roti is always made in a circular shape.
Ingredient Naan is made with refined flour.Whole wheat flour is the main ingredient for making Roti.
Time-consuming Naan is difficult to make because of which it consumes time.Roti is easy to make because of which it consumes less time.

What is Naan?

Naan is an Indian dish flatbread and characteristic of chewy texture, dense, almost the same as focaccia bread. Naan is generally served hot, and it can also be stored in the refrigerator so that it uses afterward also. It is cooked in a tandoori oven so that it can be crispy.

It is made from maida, which is a type of white flour in India. Naan is seasoned with nigella seeds, which give astringent flavor, which is sometimes mistaken as black cumin or onion seeds. This dish has different flavors like butter naan, garlic naan, plain naan, and stuff naan.

Naan can be made by taking two cups of maida or pastry flour; after that, one-fourth spoon of yeast should be added, half a cup of curd, water if it is required, and then press and mixture it into a soft dough. After doing that, it has to be kept aside for two hours and should be covered with a lid. After the dough, it should be divided into two.  Taking one part and making it thick like pizza bread has to be placed in a tandoor. While cooking on both sides, simply remove it from the tandoor and put butter on one side. It can also be stuffed with a different variation.

What is Roti?

Roti is also known as Chapatti. It is a famous flatbread in India. Roti is made up of stoneground wholemeal flour, which is also known as atta. Rotis are generally eaten as a main course and usually served with meat and vegetables. Roti also has a different type like tandoori roti and Roomali roti. There are other types of roti called Phulka. Phulka is a type of roti that is half cooked, and then it is roasted. Tandoori roti is also cooked in a tandoor and has a naan texture, whereas Roomali roti can be wrapped around kebab rolls.

Roti can be made by taking one cup of whole-grain wheat flour, and then we have to add water slowly. By adding water, we have to mix it well and make a soft dough out of it. After doing that, it has to be kept aside so that dough can take its form. After that, we have to heat the Tava or skillet. By doing all of that, we have to separate the dough in a four-part and have to roll in a hand; then we have to flatter it so that it can be a form of translucent bread. The last step is to put that in a Tava and cook on both sides till the brown dots appear in it and then remove the Tava and put directly on a flame cook both the side and then your roti is ready.

Main Differences Between Naan and Roti

  1. Both naan and roti are famous Indian dishes which are eaten as the main course with meat and vegetables.
  2. Rotis can be eaten three times a day. On the other hand, naan can only be eaten in a single meal in the day.
  3. Rotis are very light and give nutrition to our body. On the other hand, naan is very heavy because it takes time to digest.
  4. Rotis are made with whole wheat flour. On the other hand, naan is made with refined flour.
  5. Rotis are very easy to make and take very little time. On the other hand, naan are difficult to make, and they are very time consuming, but they are also flaky and tastier.
  6. Roti can be made with plain flour. On the other hand, naan is made with leavened dough.

Conclusion

As the primary difference between naan and roti has been told, it will be easy to differentiate between them. It has also been mentioned how the dishes are made and which is easier to make and takes less time.

However, both are very popular dishes in India which are eaten in the main course with vegetables and meat. Roti is provided nutrition to our body because it is made every day for meals in India, and another reason would be that it also takes less time.

References

  1. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/09637480601121979
  2. https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/bea0/432a570a0439bddb8b160e255d93cc754815.pdf
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