Nature vs Nurture: Difference and Comparison

The debate over whether a man’s characteristics, strengths, and weaknesses are the result of nature or nurture has and continues to go on to date between scholars and experts.

The use of the Nature vs. Nurture Theory for the very first time was done by the psychologist Sir Francis Galton in the year 1869.

Key Takeaways

  1. Nature refers to the genetic and biological factors that influence a person’s development. In contrast, nurture refers to the environmental factors such as upbringing and life experiences that shape a person’s development.
  2. Nature and nurture determine a person’s physical, cognitive, and emotional development.
  3. The debate between nature and nurture centers around the relative importance of each factor in shaping human behavior and traits.

Nature Vs Nurture

Nature refers to the genetic factors and the inheritance of traits that influence an individual’s personality. It debates how individuals are genetically predisposed to look, act and behave a certain way. Nurture refers to the personality of an individual influenced by the environment. It debates that the surrounding plays a role in sociability, stress-coping and behaviour.

Nature Vs Nurture

Nature is the natural heredity genes that are present in a person during birth. Nature cannot be influenced as it is a biological inheritance.

Nature can be referred to as biological/genetic predispositions that are very impactful on an individual’s features and characteristics. The rod Nature originated from the Old French language.

Nurture defines the environment or surroundings of a person that shapes and moulds an individual’s personality. The living conditions and the endurance that an individual has to deal with in a particular environment build a trait in the individual.

Nurture is something that highlights the effect of social occurrences on a particular individual.

Comparison Table

Parameters of ComparisonNatureNurture
DefinitionNature is the natural heredity genes that are present in a person while birth.
Nurture defines the environment or surroundings of a person that shape and mold are an individual’s personality.
CharacteristicsNature defines the physical appearance of an individual.
Nurture defines the personality aspects of an individual.
TypeNature is a biological process. It is influenced by family factors.
Nurture is an adaptive process that is influenced by the environment.
BehaviorNature is responsible for hormonal-induced behavior.
Nurture is responsible for situation induced behavior.
FeaturesThe eye color, hair color are results of Nature.
The speaking accent, the ability to cope with stress are results of Nurture.

What is Nature?

Nature means the genetic heredity that one receives during the time of birth. The effect of Nature is the first identity of a living being. Nature is responsible for the majority of the physical appearance of someone and some characteristic features.

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Nature cannot be tampered with as it is a biological process. Nature is referred to as biological/genetic predispositions that are very impactful on an individual’s features and characteristics

Although the personality of someone is defined by Nature during the time of birth and till a certain point, it can change as an effect of Nurture.

But some physical traits like the color of one’s eye, the hair color, the shape of the face, and nose structure are all defined by Natural structure and cannot be altered by Nurture.

The word Nature has its origin from the Old French Language. But surprisingly, the word is derived from the word “nature,” which is a Latin word.

The word indicates “essential qualities, innate disposition” and in the ancient period, it meant “birth”.

The word nature is borrowed from the Old French nature and is derived from the Latin word “natura”, or “essential qualities, innate disposition”, and in ancient times, literally meant “birth”.

According to sources, in the timeline of ancient philosophy, the word “natura” is mostly used as the Latin translation of the Greek word “physis”, which signifies the complexities in the characteristics of plants and animals.

nature

What is Nurture?

The idea of nurture highlights the significance of social environments – who you’re with and no longer who you’re born to – and its substantial effect on social-emotional abilities, well-being, and behaviour.

Children and younger human beings who have an awesome beginning in existence are proven to have substantial blessings over the ones who lack or distorted early attachments.

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They tend to do higher at college, attend regularly, shape greater significant friendships and are extensively much less likely to offend or enjoy bodily or intellectual fitness problems.

The nurturing method gives more than a few possibilities for youngsters and younger human beings to interact with those lacking early nurturing studies, giving them the social and emotional abilities to do nicely at college and with peers, increasing their resilience and their ability to deal with greater with a bit of luck with the rigours and tribulations of existence, for existence.

Nurture is taken because of the effect of outside elements after conception, like the manufactured from exposure and intelligence of an individual.

Nurture refers to all the environmental variables that affect who we are, including our early life studies, how we have been raised, our social relationships, and our surrounding culture.

nurture

Main Differences Between Nature and Nurture

  1. Nature is the natural heredity that defines one’s personality trait, whereas Nurture defines the surroundings of a person that shape and mold an individual’s personality.
  2. Nature defines the physical appearance of an individual, while Nurture defines the personality aspects of an individual.
  3. Nature is completely based on heredity, while Nurture is not at all based on heredity.
  4. Nature is responsible for hormonal-induced behaviour. In Contrast, Nurture is an upbringing process that is influenced by the surroundings.
  5. The effects of Nature are very prominent during birth, while the effects of nurture are prominent during and after the growth of an individual.
Difference Between Nature and Nurture
References
  1. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/j.1469-1809.1946.tb02358.x
  2. https://www.taylorfrancis.com/books/mono/10.4324/9781410612946/gender-nature-nurture-richard-lippa

Last Updated : 27 August, 2023

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18 thoughts on “Nature vs Nurture: Difference and Comparison”

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