Difference Between Pandemic and Epidemic (With Table)

The earth as a planet bores several living organisms as well as several non-living organisms. It is home to several abiotic and biotic factors that have existed for many years. The existence of these living and none-living organisms lead to certain consequences, and these consequences appear as a result of the activities that are carried out by the same living and non-living organisms. These consequences include various changes in the surroundings.

The normal routine and the respective harmony is disrupted. These consequences include global warming, imbalance in nature leading to natural calamities, outbreaks of various diseases, manmade mishaps etc. However, the outbreaks of diseases lead to either a pandemic or an epidemic.

Pandemic vs Epidemic

The difference between pandemic and epidemic is their meaning or definition. A sudden outbreak of a disease or virus that takes place in a specific area at a specific time is known as an epidemic. On the other hand, the sudden outbreak of a disease or a virus that takes place globally is known as a pandemic.

The sudden outbreak of a disease or a virus that takes place globally is known as a pandemic. In the history of the world, there have been several pandemics of several diseases. The effect of these pandemics varies depending on their severity. These pandemics are a result of the several human activities that take place all around the world, and they eventually disrupt human lives.

A sudden outbreak of a disease or virus that takes place in a specific area at a specific time is known as an epidemic. There are several reasons and changes that are responsible for the triggering of an epidemic. There are also different types of these epidemics. Whichever the type is, human lives are disrupted no matter what. In the history of the world, several epidemics have taken place.

Comparison Table Between Pandemic and Epidemic

Parameters of ComparisonPandemicEpidemic
Meaning/ DefinitionThe sudden outbreak of a disease or a virus that takes place globally is known as a pandemic.A sudden outbreak of a disease or virus that takes place in a specific area at a specific time is known as an epidemic.
SpreadUnlimited spread. A certain country or even the entire world can be affected.Limited spread. A certain area or a certain part of the world is affected.
Death Rate MoreLess
Geographical SpreadContinents, countries or even the entire world.Community, population or a region
ExamplesMalaria, Polio, Smallpox, Yellow Fever, Measles, Chickenpox etc.Malaria, Polio, Smallpox, Yellow Fever, Measles, Chickenpox etc.

What is Pandemic?

The sudden outbreak of a disease or a virus that takes place globally is known as a pandemic. Over the years, many pandemics have taken place. However, the most lethal pandemic that took place in the history of the world is the Black Death or the Plague pandemic. There are other pandemics that have taken place in the history of the world as well.

In the history of the world, there have been several pandemics of several diseases. The effect of these pandemics varies depending on their severity. These pandemics are a result of the several human activities that take place all around the world, and they eventually disrupt human lives.

The management and prevention of the pandemic is an extremely crucial and difficult part. However, the management of the pandemic includes containment and alleviation as two of their important strategies. The containment strategy includes the announcement of lockdowns and other steps. The alleviation strategy includes vaccination and other aids.

People that get affected during a certain pandemic face some serious repercussions and losses. It is important for us to follow the protocols and guidelines to keep ourselves and the people around us safe and sound. We need to maintain the code of conduct by following the guidelines and do our bit to end the pandemic.

What is Epidemic?

A sudden outbreak of a disease or virus that takes place in a specific area at a specific time is known as an epidemic. The word “epidemic” is derived from the Greek words “epi” and “demos”, which means “above” and “people”. The death rate is comparatively less in an epidemic as it affects a comparatively less population.

There are several reasons and changes that are responsible for the triggering of an epidemic. There are also different types of these epidemics. Whichever the type is, human lives are disrupted no matter what. In the history of the world, several epidemics have taken place. The epidemics have a lesser spread and can be controlled if proper precautions and management is done.

Generally, an epidemic is restricted to a certain location and a certain amount of population, but if the reach expands and the amount of population that is affected increases, then it may lead to a pandemic. It does not necessarily lead to a pandemic if the management of the epidemic at its early stages is done appropriately.

People suffer financial, emotional, physical losses, and thus the nation suffers from a number of losses as well. Human activities lead to these epidemics, and these epidemics thereby affect the lives of several humans. People lose their lives or their loved ones and suffer a lot. That is why one must always follow the guidelines and protocols laid by the authorities in order to end a certain epidemic.

Main Differences Between Pandemic and Epidemic

  1. The sudden outbreak of a disease or a virus that takes place globally is known as a pandemic. On the other hand, A sudden outbreak of a disease or virus that takes place in a specific area at a specific time is known as an epidemic.
  2. The death rate is higher in pandemics as compared to the death rate in epidemics.
  3. The pandemic affects continents, countries or even the entire world. On the other hand, the epidemic affects a certain amount of population and a specific location.
  4. The pandemic requires more management and strategies. On the other hand, the epidemic requires comparatively less management and implementation of the strategies.
  5. Examples of pandemics include the coronavirus pandemic, HIV/AIDS pandemic etc., on the other hand, the examples of epidemics include malaria, polio, yellow fever etc.

Conclusion

Both pandemics and epidemics result in an immense amount of financial, emotional, mental and physical loss. Many lives are affected, and many people lose their lives. These outbreaks are unavoidable but manageable if proper precautions and measures are taken.

People living in the affected areas must understand the seriousness of the respective epidemic or pandemic and act accordingly. People must not violate the protocols and guidelines that are laid by the authorities. One must take the necessary precautions and measures to ensure the safety of themselves and the people around them.

References

  1. https://academic.oup.com/jid/article-abstract/200/7/1018/903237
  2. https://journals.aps.org/rmp/abstract/10.1103/RevModPhys.87.925
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