Difference Between Paraphrasing and Summarizing

In various spots such as writing a research paper, we look and pull selective data from various sources as it assists in supporting our theme.


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Paraphrasing vs Summarizing

The difference between paraphrasing and summarizing is that Paraphrasing means to write any content in your own words and is sort of the same in size or somewhat like the initial text whereas summarizing is mentioning solely the most points of any work in your own words and is considerably shorter than the initial.

Paraphrasing vs Summarizing

On one hand, Paraphrasing is after you place the concepts of another writer into your own words.

On the other hand, Summarizing is after you use your own words to extend the key points or main arguments of the initial text, considerably reducing its length.


Comparison Table

Parameter of ComparisonParaphrasingSummarizing
DefinitionParaphrasing is writing any specific text in your own wordssummarizing is mentioning solely the most points of any add your own words.
Text sizeParaphrasing is sort of same in size or somewhat like the initial textsummarizing is considerably shorter than the initial.
When to useYou use paraphrasing after you take notes, or make a case for a chart or diagram to somebody. Paraphrasing helps highlight the necessary components of a bigger text. It additionally permits you to change the concepts for your readers.An outline/summary permits you to require a bigger portion of the text, if not the complete document, and discuss mostly the main concepts and themes in a very few sentences. It’s useful to summarize after you wish to give your reader background data on a text while not having to give an excessive amount of detail.


What is Paraphrasing?

Paraphrasing can be defined as understanding a given text in order to decode it in one’s original words in such a way that the meaning of the initial text is not changed.

In simple language, paraphrasing is like grasping the concept of a few topics from another writer’s work then remodeling it into your own way of thoughts and words.

Paraphrasing is needed typically to prove your purpose or point. It enhances the material by supporting it, adding credibility and depth to your work.

It is usually used:

  1. When another writer’s work needs to be used for your writing.
  2. When quotes don’t seem to be utilized in the text.
  3. When the concepts have a bigger relevancy than the fashion of writing.
  4. When you wish to easy out the work of another person for better understanding.

What is Summarizing?

Summarizing is the tool in writing that is employed in case you require the main point or plan of the text. it’s a reduced form of writing in your own words with just the highlights of the text.

In simple language, Summarizing is used to point to those writings or contents that show the main point of the initial or current writing that you are working on.

It is usually used:

  1. When only the chief concepts of the author are to be known.
  2. When only an outline of the full work is needed.
  3. When simplification is needed.
  4. When only the chief highlights of the work have to be summarised.

Main Differences Between Paraphrasing and Summarizing

  1. Paraphrasing could also be done in the aim of simplifying the initial work whereas summarizing is done to show just the key points with no reasonable explanation regarding the matter.
  2. While paraphrasing, it’s vital to avoid plagiarism and create your text or document of additional quality and original.


  1. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1060374312000203
  2. https://ila.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1598/RT.63.1.7
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