Paraphrasing vs Summarizing: Difference and Comparison

In various spots, such as writing a research paper, we look at and pull selective data from multiple sources as it assists in supporting our theme.

Key Takeaways

  1. Paraphrasing involves rephrasing a passage or text in one’s own words while maintaining the original meaning and overall message, used to clarify or avoid plagiarism.
  2. Summarizing is condensing a longer text or passage into a shorter, more concise form that captures the main points, ideas, or arguments without providing all the details.
  3. Both paraphrasing and summarizing involve restating information from a source. Still, paraphrasing retains the original level of detail while using different words, while outlining focuses on presenting the main points more concisely.

Paraphrasing vs. Summarizing

Paraphrasing involves restating the ideas presented in a source using different words and sentence structures. It is used to incorporate information from a source into one’s writing without directly quoting it. Summarizing involves condensing the main ideas and key points of a longer piece of writing into a shorter version.

Paraphrasing vs Summarizing

Education Quiz

Test your knowledge about topics related to education

1 / 10

First step in measurement is:

2 / 10

Who is known as the father of modern science?

3 / 10

What is the highest degree that can be earned in a university?

4 / 10

Who is known as the father of modern physics?

5 / 10

Which of the following is NOT a 21st-century skill?

6 / 10

Who invented the light bulb?

7 / 10

What is the study of the physical, social, and cultural phenomena of a particular country or region called?

8 / 10

The purpose of the evaluation is to make a judgment about educational...

9 / 10

Dianne has the above-average mental ability, but she is poorly motivated in class. That is why she has low grades in her academic performance. Is she?

10 / 10

What is the most widely spoken language in the world?

Your score is


On the one hand, Paraphrasing is after you place the concepts of another writer into your own words.

On the other hand, Summarizing is after you use your own words to extend the initial text’s key points or main arguments, considerably reducing its length.


Comparison Table

Parameter of ComparisonParaphrasingSummarizing
DefinitionParaphrasing is writing any specific text in your own wordssummarizing is mentioning solely the most points of any add your own words.
Text sizeParaphrasing is sort of the same in size or somewhat like the initial textsummarizing is considerably shorter than the initial.
When to useYou paraphrase after taking notes or make a case for a chart or diagram to somebody. Paraphrasing helps highlight the necessary components of a bigger text. It additionally permits you to change the concepts for your readers.An outline/summary permits you to require a bigger portion of the text, if not the complete document, and discuss mostly the main concepts and themes in very few sentences. It’s useful to summarize after you wish to give your reader background data on a text while not having to give an excessive amount of detail.


What is Paraphrasing?

Paraphrasing can be defined as understanding a given text to decode it in one’s original words so that the meaning of the initial text is not changed.

In simple language, paraphrasing is like grasping the concept of a few topics from another writer’s work and then remodeling it into your way of thought and words.

Paraphrasing is needed to prove your purpose or point. It supports the material, adding credibility and depth to your work.

It is used as:

  1. When another writer’s work needs to be used for your writing.
  2. When quotes don’t seem to be utilized in the text.
  3. When the concepts have a bigger relevancy than the fashion of writing.
  4. When you wish to ease out another person’s work for better understanding.

What is Summarizing?

Summarizing is the tool in writing employed in case you require the main point or plan of the text. It’s a reduced form of writing in your own words with just the highlights of the text.

In simple language, Summarizing points to those writings or contents that show the main point of the initial or current writing you are working on.

It is used as:

  1. When only the chief concepts of the author are to be known.
  2. When only an outline of the full work is needed.
  3. When simplification is needed.
  4. When only the chief highlights of the work have to be summarized.

Main Differences Between Paraphrasing and Summarizing

  1. Paraphrasing could also simplify the initial work, whereas summarizing is done to show just the key points with no reasonable explanation regarding the matter.
  2. While paraphrasing, it’s vital to avoid plagiarism and create your text or document of additional quality and originality.

Difference Between X and Y 2023 04 16T145130.794

Last Updated : 11 June, 2023

dot 1
One request?

I’ve put so much effort writing this blog post to provide value to you. It’ll be very helpful for me, if you consider sharing it on social media or with your friends/family. SHARING IS ♥️

22 thoughts on “Paraphrasing vs Summarizing: Difference and Comparison”

    1. I totally agree, it provides a clear understanding of the differences between paraphrasing and summarizing.

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Want to save this article for later? Click the heart in the bottom right corner to save to your own articles box!