Difference Between Pension and Gratuity (With Table)

Money is very important for living. Different countries have their own currencies, which are sequence divided and are arranged in order. When people work for someone, they earn money to buy goods, clothes, etc. This is called salary or pay. But after a certain age, a person gets retired from work or office.

Pension and Gratuity are amounts that are given to an employee when they get retired from their work. Both of these amounts are very much different as Pension is given monthly to a person who gets retired from their office, and the amount given is little in quantity while Gratuity is a lump sum amount paid to the employee after completing five or more years in the same workplace.

Pension vs Gratuity

The difference between Pension and Gratuity is that Pension is given to a person when his or her work duration as an employee is completed. The amount given can be a lump sum, or it can be given every month to month in small amounts. On the other hand, Gratuity is the lump sum amount given to an employee as an appreciation for their work and devotion towards a company after their retirement.

Pension is mainly given to a government employee or a person who used to work in a government-operated company or office. This pension scheme is for those employees who get retired after a specific period of time. The amount given is mostly scheduled from month to month.

Gratuity is an appreciation gift given to employees who have devoted more than 4 years of faithfulness towards their company. The Gratuity amount depends on the working years of an employee. And the amount given is provided altogether, not from month to month. In addition to this amount so many more advantages are provided.

Comparison Table Between Pension and Gratuity

Parameters of ComparisonPensionGratuity
DefinitionPension is an amount given in installments to an employee who gets retired from his or her workplace. It is a monthly installment scheme decided by the government for people of a specific age group. Gratuity is an appreciation gift or amount given to a companies employee for his or her dedication and years of service.
Amount The amount is given from month to month or in installments to a person. The amount given is a lump sum depending on the years of service provided by the employee.
SchemeIt is given according to employees pension scheme launched by the government in 2017. It is given according to the payment of gratuity act that was framed in 1972.
Minimum serviceThe minimum work service of an employee should be more or equal to ten years. For Gratuity, the minimum work service should be five years or more.
ConsiderationThe term Pension can also be considered as a retirement plan or a departing plan. The term Gratuity is also considered a gift or an appreciation amount.

What is Pension?

A pension scheme was launched by the government to enhance their employee’s financial security after his or her retirement. In this scheme, a retired employee is benefited from the fixed amount of money that is provided by the government from month to month or in installments.

Pension is only given to that employee who has served more than ten years of their life as a government employee. This scheme is not for non-government employees. In some places, this scheme is based on the age system in which a specific retirement age is defined, and according to that, a pension is provided.

People can go for the Pension scheme by registering themselves on websites launched by the government. And if they pass all the criteria, they get benefited with the Pension.

What is Gratuity?

The Gratuity act was launched in 1972, according to which some lumpsum amount of the money is provided by the company to its employees who have worked for four or more years for their company. This Gratuity scheme works both for government and non-government employees.

Gratuity can also be considered as an appreciation gift by the company. The Gratuity amount is decided according to an employee’s salary. Nowadays, in some government jobs, a Gratuity scheme is used instead of a Pension that is a lumpsum amount of money is provided instead of an installment scheme.

People can also nominate heirs for collecting their Gratuity money in case they are dead or had an accident. They can nominate their heirs by filling from when joining a company.

Main Differences Between Pension and Gratuity

  1. Pension is an amount given in installments to an employee who gets retired from his or her workplace. It is a monthly installments scheme decided by the government for people of a specific age group. On the other hand, Gratuity is an appreciation gift or amount given by the company to those employees who have served their company for years.
  2. The term Pension is also referred to as a retirement plan or departing plan. While the term Gratuity can also be referred to as a gift or appreciation amount.
  3. To be eligible for the Pension scheme, a person should have served a minimum of ten years of service. Whereas to be eligible for Gratuity, an employee should have served equal or more than five years of service.
  4. The guidelines followed in Gratuity are taken from the payment of gratuity act that was framed in 1972. While providing Pension, the employees’ pension scheme is taken into account.
  5. Gratuity amount is given as a lump sum amount to an employee after he or she gets eligible for that. Whereas in Pension, the amount given is scheduled from month to month or in installments.

Conclusion

Several acts were launched by the government to protect employees’ rights and provide benefits to them. Some of which are just for government jobs and some for non-government jobs. Government employees are those who work in any government department or organization doing some action on behalf of the government. And non-government employees are those who work for private companies.

Pension and Gratuity both the terms benefit employees. Here Pension is only for government employees, and Gratuity can be given to both government and non-government employees. Pension is a scheme launched by the government in which a specific amount of money is given to an employee from month to month who has worked for more than 10 years. While in the Gratuity scheme, an employee is benefited with gifts or a lumpsum amount of money, and this is given only to those employees who have worked for four or more years.

References

  1. https://ideas.repec.org/b/oxp/obooks/9780199240487.html
  2. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1053535700000627
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