Redis and Elasticsearch are two significant technologies for data solutions used in the IT field. These are versatile and flexible technologies that can be used for a variety of purposes.
Both have concrete differences between them and, there are different ways of integrating them into a program.
Redis vs Elasticsearch
The difference between Redis and Elasticsearch is that Redis is a data structure store that acts as a NoSQL Database. It is a popular in-memory data platform. Elasticsearch was developed as a search and analytics engine to store data and help in its analysis.
Want to save this article for later? Click the heart in the bottom right corner to save to your own articles box!
Redis can be used as a cache, data broker, and database. It can be deployed on-premises, across clouds, and in hybrid environments.
It is an open-source key-value store that was initially released in 2009. It offers a schema-free data scheme and is developed in the language C.
Elasticsearch is an open-source, distributed, modern search and analytics engine that offers real-time index search and analysis. Initially released in 2010, it is developed in Java and has a SQL-like query language.
It is capable of executing multitenant searches. Elasticsearch uses an HTTP web interface and is self and schema-free.
|Parameters of Comparison||Redis||Elasticsearch|
|Definition||Redis is an open-sourced, BSD licensed, advanced key value store.||Elasticsearch was developed as a modern search and analytics engine for data and its analysis.|
|Memory Technology||It runs natively on DRAM and persistent memory.||It is disk-based with caching option.|
|Programming Language||It is C-based and is extremely optimized.||It is developed in Java.|
|Protocol||It uses the optimized RESP (REdis Serialization Protocol).||It uses HTTP.|
|Performance||Redis tends to be faster than Elasticsearch while indexing and when performing searches on the indexed data set.||It is a great feature-rich search product but has a lower performance compared to Redis.|
What is Redis?
The primary database model of Redis was that of a key-value store. But the secondary database models included different types of DBMS, document store and, a search engine.
Redis is supported on almost all the major server operating systems like Linux, Windows, BSD, etc. Redis has eventual consistency and follows the partition method of sharding.
It is used by large enterprises, startups, and government organizations.
Common use cases include real-time fraud detection, global user session management, real-time inventory management, feature store for AI/ML, claims processing, and more.
Typical application scenarios of Redis include:
- Real-time analytics
- High-speed transaction
- Distributed messaging
- Data ingest, etc.
Some of the notable customers are Vodafone, Samsung, Nokia, Trip Advisor, etc.
Redis uses the RESP( REdis Serialization Protocol) for TCP connections within it. Apart from eventual consistency, strong consistency can be achieved by using Redis raft and strong eventual consistency can be achieved by using Active-Active and its databases.
An advantage of Redis is that it can be deployed anywhere and can be managed by public clouds, multi-cloud, and other hybrid architecture to ensure that the data can be accessed from anywhere without any lock-in.
Redis was the most loved database for four years in a row, according to the Stack Overflow Annual Developer survey. It was also termed as one of the 20 fastest-growing technical skill sets in 2020.
What is Elasticsearch?
Elasticsearch stores data in the form of indexes and provides powerful searching capabilities. It is developed in Java and hence, is supported in all Operating Systems with Java.
It is available for free under Apache 2.0 License, which also offers paid consulting services. In addition to offering real-time index search and analysis, other advantages of Elasticsearch include it being a distributed, resilient, and horizontally scalable engine.
The primary database model included only a search engine, while its secondary database models include spatial DBMS and a Document Store.
Elasticsearch uses a powerful API called RESTful API that uses an HTTP web interface. Elasticsearch, along with Logstash and Kibana, forms the ELK Stack, which is a popular software stack for managing and transporting data.
These tools are not just used by developers alone but also by data analysts and engineers.
The common case uses of Elastic search include search experiences for workplaces, websites, and apps; observability of APM, logging, metrics, and uptime. It also offers security and is used in Endpoint and SIEM.
Many world-famous organizations use Elasticsearch to power their critical systems. Some of them are Cisco, eBay, Wikipedia, Goldman Sachs, NASA, Microsoft, and The New York Times.
Main Differences Between Redis and Elasticsearch
- Redis is an open-sourced, advanced key-value store while, Elasticsearch is a distributed, RESTful modern search and analytics engine based on Apache Lucene.
- Redis natively runs on Dynamic-RAM and Persistent Memory. Elasticsearch has a disk-based memory with caching option.
- Redis is developed in language C and is highly optimized. Elasticsearch is developed in Java.
- Redis uses the optimized RESP(REdis Serialization Protocol) while Elasticsearch uses an HTTP web interface.
- Redis tends to be faster than Elasticsearch when it comes to indexing and while performing searches on the indexed dataset. Even though Elasticsearch is a feature-rich search product compared to Redis, it has a lower performance than Redis.
I’ve put so much effort writing this blog post to provide value to you. It’ll be very helpful for me, if you consider sharing it on social media or with your friends/family. SHARING IS ♥️
Sandeep Bhandari holds a Bachelor of Engineering in Computers from Thapar University (2006). He has 20 years of experience in the technology field. He has a keen interest in various technical fields, including database systems, computer networks, and programming. You can read more about him on his bio page.