Difference Between Return on Investment and Return of Investment (With Table)

People would wonder what Return of Investment and Return on Investment as both, kind of, mean the same is, but with an acute difference. In that case, here are the important points you must come across before knowing the real and exact erudition between each term that are going to be discussed in the following paragraph.

Return on Investment vs Return of Investment 

The difference between the Return on Investment and Return of Investment is that the change in an asset’s price, or any other valued project over a specified period, results in variations in ROI percentage.

Return on Investment (ROI) is a ratio between net income(over a period) and investment (investment’s costs then). It is used to evaluate the efficiency of an investment or to compare the efficiencies of several different types of investments. It helps you to understand the investment, whether it is profitable or a fiasco.

Return of Investment or Rate of Return is also the same as ROI, which is used to specify the growth and reduction of an investment, but with minute differences. Meanwhile, Return of Investment is the total gain or loss of an investment over a particularized period, denoted as a percentage of the investment’s initial cost.

Comparison Between Return on Investment and Return of Investment

Parameters of ComparisonReturn on InvestmentReturn of Investment
MeaningROI is an instrument that measures the probability of an investment and also compares it with other investments.Return of investment is somehow similar to ROI, but returning an investment impacts a change in the price of an asset, or any valued project over a specified period, which results in a change in ROI percentage.
How to calculateFor the calculation of ROI, they follow a formula: ROI= Current value of Investment (Subtract) Cost of investment (Whole divided by) Cost of Investment (Multiply by) 100. The measure of this calculation results in percentage as it’s comparatively easy to analogous with different investments.​
Return of investment can be calculated by the changes- if it is positive, return represents a profit, whereas negative return says the loss of investment. Nominal Return can be calculated by figuring the change of an investment over a period (plus) distribution (minus) Outlays.
Benefits Calculation of ROI is best to compare the possibility of an investment.ROI gives comparative analysis by taking different investments into account and comparing their benefits or return.ROI determines decision-making on the acquisition of assets and disposal of capital, which focuses on earning maximum profit. Any acceleration on divisional ROI brings overall benefit to the organization.Return of Investment gives fastidious financial data about an investment. Annualisation is the process of converting shorter or longer return intervals to annual returns- which makes it easy to compare. 
Risk factorComparing different investment of different companies, you will see that they won’t follow same accounting policies, which makes hard to process. Window dressing may happen. Managers make the current capital employed look flavor without any wary about the future organization.
Giving spurious Rate of return on investment, especially during the period of high inflations- offers false investment value. So investors should make the decisions astute before getting into afflict.
Safe percentage Many investors prefer an average annual rate of return of 10% or more, which states a good percentage for long-term investment in the stock market.Return of investment is determined by the change of return. Positive return ascribes a profitable impact on investment. 

What is Return on Investment? 

It is the performance factor that is used to estimate an investment’s efficiency over the period. The formula to calculate Return on Investment is by dividing the profit earned on an investment by the total cost of the investment. They are widely generalized in the finance stream. It plays an important factor in the business, as it determines the investment’s performance.

For instance, if you are into purchasing a house for 1,000,000 dollars, after five years, you are ready to sell it to A for around 1,120,000 dollars. As a result, you have a profit of 120,000 dollars within three years. As per the ROI formula, (GAINS or LOSS- COST)/ COST. By using the formula; (1,120,000 -1,000,000)/ 1,000,000; ROI was found to be 0.12.
On the other hand, you are selling the same house to B for 100,000 dollars. As a result, after one year, 160,000 dollars has been invested. According to the formula, (160,000-100,000)/100,000: ROI was found to be 0.6.

As you see, there is quite a difference between the first and second example, with 0.6 variations, ultimately affirming whether it is a win-win situation or dead loss.

What is Return of Investment?

It is the change in investment or cash flows, which the owner receives from that investment, including interest payments, cash stock dividends, or the profit from the product. A loss in the investment is described as a negative return, asserting the amount to be greater than zero. 

The formula to calculate Return of Investment is dividing the difference of final value(including dividends and interest) and initial value to initial value. 

For example, if you are up for buying 10 shares at an initial rate of 5, then the initial rate is 10 x 5= 50. Having said that, if the sharer is collecting 0.50 per share in cash dividends, and the final share rate is 9.80, then eventually, the sharer would have 10 x 0.50= 5 in his hand, adding to that 10 x 9.80=98 in shares. Ultimately, with a total of 103 as a final value. While the initial value is 50. As per the formula; (Final value-Initial Value)/ initial value; (103-50)/50 = 1.06.

In layman’s terms, it is the loss or gain of an investment over a specified time. 

Main Differences Between Return on Investment and Return of Investment

  1. The major difference between ROI and Return of investment is that ROI is a measurement used to calculate the benefit of investment. On the other hand, Return of Investment is the change of returning an investment. 
  2. Calculating ROI and Return of Investment varies, where there would be a formula for the calculation of Return on Investment, despite the fact that Return of Investment measures the change on return of investment.
  3. ROI works only if taken companies for comparison follow same accounting policies, Albeit, Return of Investment determines when there is inflation.
  4. Moreover, Return on Investment can be done if the investment in the stock market is reasonable. Besides, Return of Investment is done exclusively if the price of investment impacts any changes in an organization.
  5. Investors play a crucial role in Return of Investment, whereas Return on Investment gives the organization Investment managers much attention- as they are the ones who determine the rate of ROI.


Return on Investment and Return of investment have a minimal difference which is hard to encounter, but the meaning of these two terms are completely different. ROI is a measurement used to see the probability or benefit of an investment with other investments. Return of Investment shows the exact change or vicissitude of an investment.

ROI is mostly used by managers in the company to determine the return of investment compared to other investments. Return of Investment says the profit earned or loss incurred of investment- to see the value of the investment in reduce. Window dressing may occur while ROI and Return of Investment by internal factors.


  1. https://books.google.co.in/books?hl=en&lr=&id=WROeaDUXOpkC&oi=fnd&pg=PA1&dq=return+on+investment&ots=YjS4G7q7Z4&sig=KwyyWAT4juy0drLUfLL5E3A0D0k
  2. https://books.google.co.in/books?hl=en&lr=&id=vk6s380WBP0C&oi=fnd&pg=PR1&dq=return+on+investment&ots=aKlGZhLoc9&sig=dZMS9yCV8jb_Lmz14RKLDBmv5f0