Spin-Off vs IPO: Difference and Comparison

Spinoff and IPO are two different share market terms. Companies try both methods to gain more in stocks.

Key Takeaways

  1. A spin-off is creating an independent company from an existing one by distributing new shares to current shareholders. At the same time, an IPO (Initial Public Offering) is offering a private company’s shares to the public for the first time.
  2. Spin-offs allow parent companies to focus on core operations and unlock shareholder value, while IPOs enable private companies to raise capital from a broader investor base.
  3. Spin-offs result in shareholders owning stakes in both the parent and the new company, while IPOs allow new investors to buy shares in the newly public company.

Spin-Off vs IPO

The difference between a spinoff and an IPO is that a new company is created under the parent company. On the other hand, in an IPO, a private company to gain more shares goes public for the first time.

Spin Off vs IPO 2

A spinoff involves a company taking part in its shares, breaking them into separate entities. The new company’s shares are distributed in the spinoff to the shareholders of the parent company.

Initial Public Offerings(IPO) is when a private company goes public for the first time by selling its shares to the general public. IPOs are a way used by many companies to raise capital.


Comparison Table

Parameter of ComparisonSpinoffIPO
DefinitionA spin-off occurs when a public parent company organizes a subsidiary and distributes shares to current shareholders, creating a new publicly traded company.Sometimes a private company first sells stock to the public and raises its capital. When this occurs, an IPO occurs.
Company statusIt is a division of public companies from parent public companies.A private company transforms into a public company to gain large shares.
Capital raisedThere is no capital raise in the spin-off. The shares are only subdivided.New capital is raised for subsidiary
DisclosureInformation statement with three years financial, subject to availability.The prospectus, with a 3-year financial.
TimingsThe time required is 8-12 months.The time required is 3-4 months.


What is Spin-Off?

Spin-offs are divisions of companies or organizations. They become independent businesses with assets, employees, and technologies from the parent company.

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What is the leading cause of spinoffs? It is because the companies seeking buyers for themselves failed to receive better offers from the other firms.

Spinoffs will occur even if a single or group of employees leaves the existing entity.

Keys for a successful Spin-off:

  1. Clarify the value-creation logic: This is the first step concerning the fundamental strategic decision of forming a spin-off.
  2. Understand the true scope of the effort. Successful execution of a spin-off has high risks with multiple stakeholders and unique challenges.
spin off 2

What is IPO?

The IPO systematically demonstrates how a private corporation can offer its shares to the public while issuing new stock. Companies can use the IPO process to increase their capital from many public investors.

The main methods to have a successful IPO are:

  1. Stay committed to the shares and the parent Company. Several companies use IPOs in their financial management. This includes repaying their debts and investing in the business’s growth, thereby engaging in a long-term commitment.
  2. A perfect price to attract investors. The prime objective of an IPO is Setting a low offer price to attract buyers.

You will find several private companies working with investment banks. They provide effective financial management. Moreover, these banks guide the firms through the IPO processes.


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  1. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0166497205000441
  2. https://ink.library.smu.edu.sg/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1195&context=soa_research

Last Updated : 11 June, 2023

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