It is an undeniable fact that companies may face some challenges in their business. The challenges could be related to cash, debts or making less profit.
Two such procedures are spin-off and divestiture. These terms soften confuse people due to their relevancy in distributing or selling assets.
- Corporate actions: Spin-off involves creating a separate, independent company from an existing business unit or subsidiary, while divestiture refers to the sale, transfer, or disposal of a company’s assets or business unit.
- Ownership: In a spin-off, shareholders receive shares of the new company proportional to their holdings in the parent company, while in a divestiture, the parent company may sell the business unit to another company or investors.
- Motivation: Spin-offs aim to unlock the potential value of a business unit and improve the focus of the parent company, while divestitures focus on raising capital, reducing debt, or divesting underperforming or non-core assets.
Spin-Off vs Divestiture
The difference between spin-off and divestiture is that spin-off reduces company shares to create an independent company.
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Divestiture means getting rid of shares for various reasons. It may be to pay back debt, solve a money problem or create additional profit.
|Parameter of Comparison||Spin off||Divestiture|
|Definition||Getting rid of shares of an existing company to make a new company.||I am getting rid of business assets for multiple reasons.|
|Objective||To focus on a particular sector of the parent company for more profit.||Pay debts, get cash, and focus on critical product lines.|
|Inheritance||Inherits the management structure and other assets of the parent company.||Once the assets are sold, the company has no say in how they are further used.|
|Drawbacks||The costs may increase because the parent company needs to deal with the spin-off too||The decision may be taken without expert advice, and the product may no longer exist for re-selling.|
|Example||eBay is establishing a result of PayPal.||Thomson Reuters distributes its property to minimize costs.|
What is Spin-Off?
Spin-off creates a new company by distributing and selling some of its shares. This new independent unit will have its own rules and management.
There could be various reasons for spin-offs. The company may want to work on the most profitable unit of its company and make it a separate division.
So the company may do so by a spin-off. Certain drawbacks accompany the spin-off procedure. Since the product will also generate costs like rent, tax, and maintenance, the parent corporation must handle that too.
When the spinoff can finally stand, it may need a proper operational, marketing, and management unit. So it requires long-term support from the parent company.
What is Divestiture?
Divestiture is a process that businesses use to dispose of some of their assets. There are various reasons for that. This usually happens when the companies focus on many different product lines, and it is getting harder for them to manage.
Some product lines are not making enough money, and their product lines are underperforming. Sometimes, businesses are in debt and must overcome the cash flow problem.
Sometimes, the same business opens its branches in several locations, and not every component may be making a profit for you.
You can have a look at your assets and try to divest those which would be able to make more cash for you. You can analyze your product lifecycle. The best time to end your product line would be when it has reached its decline stage.
Main Differences Between Spin-Off and Divestiture
Some of the features that differentiate between spin-off and divestiture are given below:
- The drawback of the spin-off is that the company costs may rise because the parent company needs to take care of the spin, too, initially. In contrast, the drawback of divestiture is that the agreement may be made in a hurry, and the product may be permanently gone.
- An example of a spin-off includes eBay creating a spin-off of PayPal. An example of divestiture includes Thomson Reuters selling its property to reduce costs.
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Chara Yadav holds MBA in Finance. Her goal is to simplify finance-related topics. She has worked in finance for about 25 years. She has held multiple finance and banking classes for business schools and communities. Read more at her bio page.