Principle-Based vs Rules-Based Accounting: Difference and Comparison

All the companies and organizations, small or big, needs to prepare their financial statement or end expense statements.

Principle-Based accounting and Rules-Based accounting are two types of accounting methods where principles and rules are added accordingly and separately.

Key Takeaways

  1. Principle-based accounting focuses on general guidelines, allowing for flexibility and professional judgment.
  2. Rules-based accounting adheres to strict regulations, reducing ambiguity and inconsistencies.
  3. Principle-based systems are more adaptable to change, while rules-based systems offer more uniformity in reporting.

Principle-Based Accounting vs Rules-Based Accounting

Principle-based accounting is a flexible method with predefined principles used for preparing financial reports. It lacks consistency as the rules set are not rigid. Rules-based accounting is a rigid method where balance sheets are made based on predefined rules and guidelines. It has consistency due to its rigid rules.

Principle Based Accounting vs Rules Based Accounting

Principle-Based accounting contains standard principles which cannot be changed, and these predefined principles are only used when preparing income statements, balance sheets, or financial statements.

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Which of the following countries are part of the WTO?

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Wages and taxes that a company pays are examples of:

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Small scale firms are ____________ flexible in their functioning.

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When at least 51% shares are in the hands of government, it is called as __________.

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Over-capitalization results from __________.

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Whose Liability is limited to the extent of his capital to the firm?

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If a general manager asks the sales manager to recruit some salesman on his behalf, it is an instance of ___________.

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Shares traded through stock exchanges are called __________.

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What is an Economic Activity?

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The Rules-Based accounting method uses specific rules which are applied in financial statements. This method is very complex, and the complexity increases with an increase in expenses.

Comparison Table

Parameters of ComparisonPrinciple-Based AccountingRules-Based Accounting
DefinitionPrinciple-Based accounting is a method of accounting or calculating used in making financial statements or income statements. Rules-Based accounting contains some rules or predefined guidelines and using these rules, balance sheets are made.
Basic dependency This accounting method depends on principles that are set by the financial accounting standard board and is common for all people. This accounting method depends on rules which are designed step by step with minimum complexity and can be altered accordingly.
Flexibility and complexityPrinciple-Based accounting procedures provide you flexibility while accounting, but it becomes complex as the calculation steps increase. Rules-Based accounting procedure is not very flexible as it has rigorous rules, but the complexity is less.
ConsistencyThe Principle-Based accounting method lacks consistency because of no strict rules present in the method. The Rules-Based accounting method is more consistent as it contains fixed rules, which are a must.
Calculations This method involves complex calculations, and the projected revenue may vary. This method contains simple and easy steps without much complexity, and calculations made do not vary.
ComparabilityThe documents or income statements made using this method are hardly comparable and less clear. Rules-Based documents or financial statements are easily comparable and specified.

What is Principle-Based Accounting?

Principle-Based accounting uses principles in every step for calculating balance sheets or income statements. International financial reporting standards (IFRS) follow the Principle-Based accounting method.

This accounting method contains guidelines which are needed to be followed while making financial statements. The principles used may vary according to country or state and can be altered according to companies’ convenience.

These principles are easy to apply when it comes to small companies or organizations but their complexity increases as the expenses and the structure of the company increase.

principle based accounting

What is Rules-Based Accounting?

The Rules-Based accounting method is a standard method that contains a set of rules that are strictly followed while preparing financial statements or income statements.

Rules-Based accounting is used in (GAAP) generally accepted accounting principles system. This accounting system helps companies to compare their expenses and profits from other companies in an easy way.

Also, if you are using the Rules-Based accounting method, you create a document that is legal and verified and can be explained almost to anyone by specifying each rule used at every point.

rules based accounting

Main Differences Between Principle-Based Accounting and Rules-Based Accounting

  1. The Principle-Based accounting method lacks consistency because of no strict rules present in the method. In contrast, the Rules-Based accounting method is more consistent as it contains fixed rules, which are a must.
  2. The Principle-Based accounting method depends on principles that are set by the financial accounting standard board and is common for all people.
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References
  1. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/09639284.2011.569128
  2. https://meridian.allenpress.com/accounting-review/article-abstract/87/4/1247/53947

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