TCP vs IP: Difference and Comparison

A certain way or protocol determines the working of a computer network between several devices. The set of rules that are executed so that data broadcasted between several devices in a similar network is inferred is known as a network protocol.

Key Takeaways

  1. TCP (Transmission Control Protocol) ensures the delivery of data packets from one host to another, while IP (Internet Protocol) is responsible for routing the data packets to their destination.
  2. TCP is a connection-oriented protocol that guarantees data delivery, while IP is a connectionless protocol that does not guarantee data delivery.
  3. TCP uses sequencing and acknowledgement mechanisms to ensure reliable data transmission, while IP does not have such mechanisms and relies on the network to deliver data reliably.

TCP vs IP

TCP (Transmission Control Protocol) is a kind of protocol used to transfer packets of data from one computer to the other. This process takes a lot of time to start. IP (Internet Protocol) defines the path taken by the packets of data to reach the destination. Transfer of data is not guaranteed by IP. 

TCP vs IP
/10

IT Quiz

Test your knowledge about topics related to technology

1 / 10

Who is considered as the father of computing

2 / 10

What was the name of the space shuttle that landed man on the moon?

3 / 10

Which of these is not a social media platform?

4 / 10

Which of the following semiconductor is mostly used to construct electronic circuits?

5 / 10

What is the radix of the octal number system?

6 / 10

Who founded Apple Computers?

7 / 10

A process that is repeated, evaluated, and refined is called __________

8 / 10

The intention of Machine Learning is

9 / 10

Artificial Intelligence is a way of _____.

10 / 10

Which American Computer Company is also known by the nick name "Big Blue"

Your score is

0%

The task carried out by the protocol includes establishing a connection first and then establishing the communication between the devices in the respective network. It has several advantages and characteristics.

The communications protocol that carries out the task of finding the address to which the data is supposed to be delivered is known as the Internet Protocol or IP. The Internet Protocol provides the addressing system.

Comparison Table

Parameters of ComparisonTCPIP
MeaningThe transport layer protocol that carries out the task of delivering the data to the respective destination is known as the Transmission Control Protocol or TCP.The communications protocol that carries out the task of finding the address to which the data is supposed to be delivered is known as the Internet Protocol or IP.
Full formsTransmission Control Protocol.Internet Protocol.
Main FunctionTo deliver the data to the respective destination.To find the address to which the data is supposed to be delivered.
AdvantagesData can be retransmitted. Clogging is controlled, Providence of unique identification, The packets are arranged in order before they reach the application, Proper error eradication steps are taken.Standing is improved, Extra security is provided, Direct admittance to a user’s administration is provided, Allowance to secure a user’s basic email streams.
DisadvantagesThe beginning of the process is slow. To acquire maximum benefits, a user must switch to WAN services, and Connection establishment can slow down during a handshake, Blocking images.It is an expensive option, Difficult to find, Poor functioning at low volume conditions.

What is TCP?

The transport layer protocol that delivers the data to the respective destination is known as the Transmission Control Protocol or TCP.

The Internet Protocol is used by the Transmission Control Protocol. The data is taken from the application layer by the Transmission Control Protocol and then segmented into numerous packets.

The communication between the sender and the receiver is completed. The Transmission Control Protocol has several features, advantages and disadvantages.

The Transmission Control Protocol is not only connection-oriented but also a stream-oriented protocol. Both sender and receiver are connected virtually, and the tasks are carried out smoothly as they are assigned to several.

tcp

What is IP?

The communications protocol that carries out the task of finding the address to which the data is supposed to be delivered is known as the Internet Protocol or IP. The main function of the Internet Protocol is to carry out the task of finding the address to which the data is supposed to be delivered.

The Internet Protocol addresses are in the form of numbers that range between 0 to 255. They are expressed in a set of four numbers that are assigned differently by the IANA.

The Internet Protocol works systematically. The information is passed by following some set guidelines. Several devices share information using the Internet Protocol.

Each of these IP addresses has its independent characteristic and works accordingly. The ways that a user can look up the IP addresses are different on different devices.

ip address

Main Differences Between TCP and IP

  1. The Transmission Control Protocol carries out the task of delivering the data. On the other hand, the Internet Protocol carries out the task of finding the address to which the data is supposed to be delivered.
  2. The TCP stands for the Transmission Control Protocol. On the other hand, the IP stands for the Internet Protocol.
Difference Between TCP and IP
References
  1. https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/abstract/document/1404595/
  2. https://dl.acm.org/doi/abs/10.5555/572565

Last Updated : 13 July, 2023

dot 1
One request?

I’ve put so much effort writing this blog post to provide value to you. It’ll be very helpful for me, if you consider sharing it on social media or with your friends/family. SHARING IS ♥️

23 thoughts on “TCP vs IP: Difference and Comparison”

  1. This article excellently explains the roles of TCP and IP in networking, offering a comprehensive overview of their functionalities.

    1. The article effectively presents the advantages and disadvantages of TCP and IP, enhancing the understanding of their implementations.

  2. The article effectively differentiates between TCP and IP and also provides detailed insights into their functionalities.

  3. This article effectively explains the functions and differences of TCP and IP, making it easier to comprehend their roles in networking.

  4. Avatar of William Griffiths
    William Griffiths

    The article effectively explains the functionalities of TCP and IP in the context of network protocols.

  5. The article provides a thorough understanding of the protocol’s role in establishing communication between network devices.

    1. I appreciate the references used in this article, which add credibility to the information provided.

  6. This article provides a clear explanation of what network protocol is and how TCP and IP function in networking.

    1. It is an informative article that thoroughly explains the concept of network protocols with the use of TCP and IP.

    2. The comparison table is particularly helpful in distinguishing between the advantages and disadvantages of TCP and IP.

  7. The differentiation between TCP and IP is clearly outlined in the article, providing valuable insights into their respective roles.

  8. The article’s detailed analysis of TCP and IP showcases the significance of these protocols in network communication.

  9. This article’s explanation of TCP and IP’s functions is highly informative and offers valuable insights into network protocols.

    1. Avatar of Harrison Stephen
      Harrison Stephen

      The comparison between TCP and IP is well-presented, aiding in understanding the differences between the two protocols.

    2. The clear and concise explanation of TCP and IP provides an excellent foundation for comprehending their roles in networking.

  10. The article effectively breaks down the functionalities and characteristics of TCP and IP, providing a comprehensive understanding of these protocols.

    1. The article’s in-depth discussion of TCP and IP’s functions is highly informative and valuable.

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Want to save this article for later? Click the heart in the bottom right corner to save to your own articles box!