Difference Between Accommodations and Modifications

Accommodations mean supporting a student to learn the same curriculum as the rest of the class. For example: When a student is given extra time to complete a task or an exam compared to other students as they are gifted.

Modifications mean changing the process of making a particular person learn. The things in the curriculum are changed.

Comparison Table Between Accommodations and Modifications

Parameters of Comparison AccommodationsModifications
DefinitionThe procedure of changing the way how a student learns something.The procedure of changing the subject material altogether.
Grading The grades are marked according to the answers written.The grades are considered in accordance with the child's limit.
Study Material changesThere are no certain changes in Accommodation. The person learns the same amount of knowledge.In a Modification, the student will get less work or study material to learn.
Extra curricular activitiesClasses like Physical Education, music, and more give extra time to students to complete an activity.In these special classes, the student won't have to do the task, or the amount of work can be reduced to be completed by the child.
 Examples Extra time granted to students in a test, Sign language interpreter for people who are deaf, etc.Different question papers for the student, alternative project homework for the disabled, etc.

What are Accommodations?

Accommodation is a process that is used by teachers of institutions to make the learning procedure of the student easier. They are used when the person is suffering from any disorder or disability that makes it difficult for an individual to hold off to the study material, whether written or physical.

In it, the student learns the same thing, reads the same book, and does the same activity as others but just with a little help or extra time allowed by the teachers.

What are Modifications?

Modifications are the changes in the process of learning a student's subject. This is applied by the teachers for their students who are suffering in getting the knowledge together because of a condition or disability.

Modifications are applied accordingly. They are different from person to person and are prescribed by looking into the situation and the severity of the problem of the student.

Main Differences Between Accommodations and Modifications 

  1. Modifications are easier in comparison to Accommodations as the workload gets lesser in the Modification Process, but since the number of work materials is the same in Accommodation, the student does the same thing compared to other students, just in a different way or with extra time.
  2. The system while grading a paper is the same in the Accommodation method. That is, the student may get extra time to finish the paper but not extra marks.

Conclusion

Both of these terms are used in schoolwork as well as in workplaces. The reason why people get confused between the two words as they both mean the changes on how to help a person with disabilities learn.

In an Accommodation, the way of studying gets easier by getting extra attention and time while in a Modification, the course or the program of the student could get easier and less complex by the teacher. Whether Accommodations or Modifications, they both make the process of studying easier for disabled people.

References

  1. https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/1076217513485584
  2. https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-1-4899-1907-6_16
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