Difference Between Research Method and Research Methodology (With Table)

Research is a method to dig up a subject to its core and gain knowledge and make theories from it. Anything can be termed as research which helps you to gain knowledge about science, culture, or sociology. There are mainly three types of research scientific, artistic, and historical researches. All the theories and facts that come up from these researches are determined from different methods and steps. From here, the two terms research method and research methodology are developed. So to understand both these terms, we need to understand the differences between them.

Research Method vs Research Methodology

The difference between research method and research methodology is that research method consists of the steps that are followed to find the result of research and on the other hand, the research is the process to study the research method, it analysis whether the research is heading to the objective by the correct path or not. 

The research method is the process of doing an experiment and deriving the theories and facts from it. It comprises three steps. The first step is exploratory research. The second step is constructive research, and the third step is empirical research. After all these steps, the researchers lead to derive a particular solution to the problem of the research.

Research methodology is the process of governing the research methods. Its analysis which way the research method is moving to and guides the methods to the right path to fulfil the objective of the experiment. This is huge two-dimensional planning in which research methods are just a part. It consists of many processes after the research methods. A successful scientific methodology leads to a successful experiment.

Comparison Table Between Research Method and Research Methodology

Parameters of comparisonResearch methodResearch methodology
DefinitionIt is the process of doing surveys, collecting data, and doing analysis.It is the process of studying the research methods.
Objective The aim is to find the result of the research.The aims are to secure that the research procedure is going on the correct path to becoming successful.
When to initializeThis is mostly applicable at the final stages of the researches.This is applicable from the initial stages of the researches.
Steps followedIt consists of surveys, data collection, and analysisIt consists of a systematic strategy.
ImportanceIt is a part of research methodology.It is huge planning and procedure for successful researches.

What is Research Method?

The research method is the process of doing an experiment and deriving the theories and facts from it. It comprises three steps. The first step is exploratory research. The second step is constructive research, and the third step is empirical research. After all these steps, the researchers lead to derive a particular solution to the problem of the research.

Research does not mean that it is done in only scientific laboratories with test tubes and tripod stand, but this term also comprises of the researches done by the sociologists and the artists on their particular fields. Social experiments are also very important to observe the changes going on in our society and analyze the developments.

The first step of the research method is called exploratory research. During this process, researchers try to collect all the preliminary information of the problems to be solved. In this step, the objective is determined.

The second step of the research method is constructive research, in which surveys and data analysis are done. This leads to the construction of the plan to solve the problem that arises during the exploratory research. The third step is empirical research, in which the experiments or observations are done to find the result of the researches.

What is Research Methodology?

Research methodology is the process of governing the research methods. Its analysis which way the research method is moving to and guides the methods to the right path to fulfil the objective of the experiment. This is huge two-dimensional planning in which research methods are just a part. It consists of many processes after the research methods. A successful scientific methodology leads to a successful experiment.

Research methodology guides a research process in the correct direction. It looks after the thesis and the conclusion of the experiment and verifies its validity and reliability. This is a two-dimensional structured plan to guide the experiments towards success. Either the researchers are involved in this verification process, or there is any third party present to judge their analysis. 

This procedure is mainly initialized from the initial stages and is maintained till the end of the research. The research methodology provides a systematic strategy for the researchers to work on. This helps them step by step to move forward with the correct data. If this methodology did not exist, then it will have been proved a very tough situation for the researchers to choose the path towards their aim.

Main Difference Between Research Method and Research Methodology

  1. The research method is the process of doing surveys, collecting data, and doing analysis, whereas Research methodology is the process of studying the research methods.
  2. The aim of the research method is to find the result of the research. The aim of research methodology is to secure that the research procedure is going on the correct path to becoming successful.
  3. The research method is mostly applicable at the final stages of the researches, whereas the research methodology is applicable from the initial stages of the researches.
  4. The research method consists of surveys, data collection, and analysis, but the research methodology consists of a systematic strategy.
  5. The research method is a part of research methodology, but research methodology is huge planning and procedure for successful researches.

Conclusion

Therefore this can be concluded that for a successful and practical experiment. Both of these factors are extremely necessary and need to works hand in hand for a smooth and stable working procedure. Research methods are a small part of this procedure, but they can be termed as the most important part.

Like the research, the method part consists of the vital steps like problem detection, data collection and analysis, required experiments, the part of the observation, and drawing a practical conclusion. An on the other side, the research methodology is the captain of the plan guiding all its methods in a correct direction by studying every step. 

References

  1. https://jurnalkemanusiaan.utm.my/index.php/kemanusiaan/article/view/165
  2. https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Khairul_Baharein_Mohd_Noor/publication/26517241_Case_Study_A_Strategic_Research_Methodology/links/5462bd800cf2c0c6aec1b83e/Case-Study-A-Strategic-Research-Methodology.pdf

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