Difference Between Journal Article and Research Paper (With Table)

Journal Article vs Research Paper

Academically, specific educational reading is a very important tool to enhance learning.

Reading relevant articles, papers, documents book holds an entire concept for upscaling knowledge and grade aggregation as well.

Journals, journal articles, and research papers are one of the mechanisms of professional and academic learning.

The key difference between a journal article and a research paper lies in the fact that journal articles are extensive, well researched, and conceptual and for the academic audience while the research papers look and dive into one viewpoint and substantiate with relevant theories, scientific standpoints, evaluation supported through extensive study.


Comparison Table Between Journal Article and Research Paper (in Tabular Form)

Parameter of ComparisonJournal ArticleResearch Paper
The overall arcIt’s a publicationIt can be cited
Based onBased on knowledge and experienceIn-depth study of every aspect of a topic in hand
Time frameShort durationExtensive and ongoing
PatentNot patentedCan be Patented
ContentBroader spectrumSpecific to a domain
RatingImpact rating neededNon-rating


What is Journal Article?

Journal articles are periodically published wherein there can be more than one author involved to culminate the article.

A journal article is experiential and is of various natures. For example, a journal article has been an analysis of a newspaper article or a review or a proposal or any other academic and research-based submissions.

In short, a journal article can be academic or non-academic.

A journal article can be a research paper as well which can be presented at various platforms.  https://www.jstor.org/ is an excellent place to dive in and figure out various journals specific to the area of interest and purpose of knowledge advancement.

Journal Article

What is Research Paper?

Research is time-consuming as it involves reopening something that is already found and established.

Research means to‘re-search’ i.e. to find the cause and effects again of something that is already established.

Let’s say I want to research the frequency of radioactivity, my first step will be to sit with the thought why I want to research about radioactivity, what concepts of it, the time frame, type of data collection mechanism and most importantly doing an extensive literature review.

A literature review involves the reading of various case studies, findings, papers, newspapers of the topic or question to be explored and write a whole section on the same.

Research Paper

Main Differences Between Journal Article and Research Paper

The overall Arc

Journal articles are mostly written to enhance knowledge in a field, domain of learning or related to a professional approach that is useful in field-specific understanding.

Journals articles are written by people who are at the top of the game or knowledgeable through their experiences and knowledge which may or not be related to research supported evidence.

A research paper is a thorough study of ‘A’ particular question that can again have multiple other sub-questions that need to be re-found, revisited.

This work is done in a very step by step way and in a very specific format. The research paper supports every point with tactile, raw and supplemented findings and also presents the limitation of the study conducted.

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 In short, a research paper is an in-depth study of something that was already presented while journal articles are based on a personal viewpoint

Bases On and Time Frame

As per the understanding above a journal, paper can be a research paper or a current trending new based on any ideologies which entail personal experience and learnings.

On the other hand research paper is an extensive study of conceptual readability through evidence-based presentations through graphs, diagrams, case studies, etc.

The research paper takes a while to get completed as the study of a case, a sample of people, demographic area, etc takes a while.

While a journal article can be worked upon in a week and can go to a few months too. But not as extensive as a research paper


If a research paper is written and extensively worked by let’s say a department, domain or organization, they are patented.

That means the right exclusively remains with them and the submitted work can only be republished with due permission.

A journal article is open for the masses and can be read, shared, reviewed, presented without touching the copyright mandates and policies that apply.

A journal paper is not patented.


Reiterating, a journal article is written based on generality, it can be holding on to a broader spectrum of visibility as per its content written.

Yes, a journal article can be a research paper but it’s not always the case.

The content can be written in a short duration and be a free-flowing presentation.

On the other hand, a research paper calls out to have extensive rough work, a systematic paper written with a proper citation at relevant places.

A literature review is a very crucial part of the written paper. Also the raw data collection, interview transcribes and so much more is needed as a collective.


A journal article does run after rating as it today’s world, everything moving to digitalization.

The ‘jstor’ link has already been shared in ‘what is a journal article’. The journals and the articles that are most viewed, reviewed get better footage. 

 A research paper, on the other hand, is one of the components of a journal and can also be limited to its presentation.

A research paper can have a limited audience say it can be a university or a conference reach out.

Hence a research paper is not driven through any king of ratings and mainly remains concerned with its presentation and findings to be made known.

https://www.ijsr.net/ is one more digital space to connect with in order to understand the space of what goes into the pre and post-execution of submissions of papers.


Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) About Journal Article and Research Paper

  1. What is the impact factor of a journal?

    The impact factor of the journal is described as the average number of times the article from the journal which has been published from the past two years has got the recognition or been cited in the JCR of the year.

    It is calculated by dividing the number of citations in the JCR by the total articles published over the course of two years.

  2. What are the types of journals?

    There are various types of journals. Some are as follows: They can be in the form of original articles, short reports, review articles.

    They can also be in the form of case studies, methodologies. Also, they can vary on the basis of their content and size like medium reports and long detailed reports.

  3. What are the examples of a journal?

    There are various kinds of journals. Some of the main ones are travel journals, family journals, gratitude journals, dream journals, therapy journals, diet journals, project journals.

    Now a day, the schools have also started to publish their own yearly journals which are known as school journals.

  4. What are the types of review articles?

    Review articles are basically the feedbacks of some product, service or any other thing which the user of these particular items gives online or offline.

    There are many types of review articles: umbrella reviews, scooping reviews, meta-analysis reviews, qualitative systematic reviews, rapid reviews, etc.

  5. What is a review article format?

    An article review is written for those persons or audiences who are interested in reading about that particular segment or the product and have existing knowledge about that thing rather than for the general audience.

    When you are writing an article review, you summarize the main idea points, findings, positions and then give your final verdict about the same.

  6. How do you conclude an article?

    The conclusion of an article must be done in such a way that it reminds the reader about what the article was about.

    It should also focus on the key highlights of the article and should be written in a clear and concise manner. The conclusion should not contain any clichés.

  7. What is the base paper in research?

    A base paper in research is a paper that has already been published by a previous researcher in that respective area or an area that can be taken as reference for the new research to be conducted.

    The ideas which are already covered in the base paper are taken as a reference and further studies are done.

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Connecting the dot of the above specifically demarcated six-pointers,  its worthy to be aware that both journal article and research paper has their specific audience, purpose, reach out and most importantly – worth as a medium of knowledge.


Word Cloud for Difference Between Journal Article and Research Paper

The following is a collection of the most used terms in this article on Journal Article and Research Paper. This should help in recalling related terms as used in this article at a later stage for you.

Difference Between Journal Article and Research Paper



  1. https://gssrr.org/index.php/gssrr/How-to-Publish-Research-Paper
  2. https://www.springer.com/gp/authors-editors/journal-author/types-of-journal-manuscripts/1356
  3. https://owl.purdue.edu/owl/general_writing/common_writing_assignments/research_papers/index.html

4 thoughts on “Difference Between Journal Article and Research Paper (With Table)”

  1. Hi Piyush Yadav,
    I wonder, under which kind of degree or course do they teach us how to write a research paper and journal article?

    • Hi Robert,
      The information on research papers and journals is shared with candidates opting for a PhD course in their respective fields.

  2. My journey started with a job and eventually, I switched over to my own business in selling computer hardware.

    • Hi Swati,
      so you found the most success in business which makes sense because there is also the risk of losing the job when working for an employer.

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