Holy Bible vs New Testament: Difference and Comparison

India has always been a secular-religious place. Many people with different religious practices live in harmony and peace in the same neighbourhood. Many religions exist – Hinduism, Christianity, Muslim, Buddhism, Sikhism, etc.

Along with these religions, they have their religious books, which they follow, like Bhagavad Gita, Quran, Bible, Gurbani, etc.

Key Takeaways

  1. The Holy Bible is a compilation of religious texts that include the Old and New Testaments, while the New Testament is a subset of the Holy Bible.
  2. The Holy Bible comprises 66 books, including the Old and New Testaments, whereas the New Testament consists of 27 books.
  3. The New Testament contains the life, teachings, death, and resurrection of Jesus Christ, while the Old Testament focuses on the history of Israel and the laws given to them by God.

Holy Bible vs New Testament

Holy Bible is a sacred bible and collection of scriptures, characters and stories that are divided into the Old and New Testaments, with 66 books in total. New Testament is the second part of the Christian bible that consists of 27 books and was initially written in Koine Greek.

Holy Bible vs New Testament

Holy Bible is a sacred book, a collection of scriptures, stories, and characters introduced by God imbibed in both the Old and New Testaments. The collective group of the book is about 66. The single book comprises many books inside.

Some of them, talks about the history, the prayers, the orders to be followed by God, his wise sayings, the lessons he introduced, etc. There is no actual timeframe for the authorship of the Holy Bible.

New Testament is said to be the second part of the Christian Bible. It is initially written in the Koine Greek language. The book is 27 in number.

These books are categorized mainly into five types which are – 4 books of the Gospels, one book of Acts of Apostles, 14 books of Pauline Epistles, seven books of General Epistles, and the Revelation.

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Comparison Table

Parameters of ComparisonHoly BibleNew Testament
Number of Books39+27=66It comprises 27 books.
Chronological TimeIt has no specific time.0-100 A.D.
Written By It is assumed that Mosses wrote the first five books.It was written by Jewish and non-Jewish writers.
Language Hebrew, Aramaic, GreekKoine Greek
Theme The central theme of the Bible is about how God has created everyone, the promises, judgment, provisions, rightfulness, etc.The basic theme of the New Testament is about the death of Jesus, his burial, and his resurrection.

What is Holy Bible?

The Holy Bible is a sacred book for Jewish, Christians, etc. It comprises some text, scriptures, prayers, and wise sayings by God. The Old and New Testaments collectively make up the Holy Bible.

The original language of the Bible is Hebrew, Aramaic, and Greek, and it is also translated into Latin, English, and many more for better understanding.

The word “Bible” is originally coming from the Greek word “Biblia,” which means “book” in English. The stories in the Bible were passed on from generation to generation.

There are many views about the Bible. Christians believe that the Bible is God’s sayings to his people, whereas the Jews believe that only the Old Testament is true and is the direct sayings of God. Catholics and Protestants believe both Old and New are God’s sayings,

For an atheist, it is just an ancient book with no religious values, as Bible has also been translated into Arabic, called Injil, which Muslims follow. They believe that the Quran is the true successor and that Injil has been corrupted over time.

holy bible

What is New Testament?

The New Testament is believed to be the second part of the Holy Bible. The New Testament is comprised of 27 books which they are based on – Gospels, Acts of the Apostles, Revelation, and Epistles. The New Testament mainly focuses on Jesus, his birth, death, burial, and resurrection.

The Testament was believed to be written in First Century 0-100 A.D.

The writer of the New Testament is believed to be Jewish and Non- Jewish. It is initially written in the Greek language. The books involve many characters and stories. These stories nearly surround God’s deep and immense love for their children, i.e., us.

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He always gave us immense love despite our mistakes and sent us a warrior to help us in difficult times. He was his son who he asked to be born as a human on Earth, and later, he was known as Jesus.

new testament

Main Differences Between Holy Bible and New Testament

  1. The Holy Bible comprises both the Old Testament and the New Testament, and both books have a different number of books which equally makes it about a total of 66 books. In contrast, single-handedly, the New Testament comprise 27 books. 
  2. There is no specific time or chronology for the Holy Bible, while it is said that the New Testament was written around the first century 0-100 A.D.
  3. The Holy Bible is initially written in three languages: Hebrew, Aramaic, and Greek. On the other hand, the New Testament is written in the Greek language.
  4. The first five books (Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy) of the Holy Bible, collectively called Torah, are assumed to be written by Mosses. Also, a point to be noted is that there is still a question on their existence, while the New Testament is written by some Jewish and Non-Jewish writers.
  5. The Holy Bible focuses on how God has created everything, his promises, judgment, provinces, rightfulness, etc., while contrastingly, the New Testament focuses on the death, burial, and resurrection of Jesus.
Difference Between Holy Bible and New Testament


  1. https://books.google.co.in/books?hl=en&lr=&id=WqHlbRioZsAC&oi=fnd&pg=PP16&dq=difference+between+holy+bible+and+new+testament&ots=5GiG04bEq3&sig=hJXp4W3Fbpqj1Gq3Vp5T8U6WVNo&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=difference%20between%20holy%20bible%20and%20new%20testament&f=false
  2. https://books.google.co.in/books?hl=en&lr=&id=ML1mnUBwmhcC&oi=fnd&pg=IA4&dq=difference+between+holy+bible+and+new+testament&ots=SdvGj7Gn5B&sig=kypQgH_LA-bGO480IcTzEo-ZiSg&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=difference%20between%20holy%20bible%20and%20new%20testament&f=false

Last Updated : 11 June, 2023

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25 thoughts on “Holy Bible vs New Testament: Difference and Comparison”

  1. I appreciate the detailed explanation about the content of the Holy Bible and the New Testament. The historical and religious context is very interesting.

  2. I personally liked the comparison table. It’s an informative way to differentiate between the Holy Bible and the New Testament.


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