Difference Between Acetone and Acetate

Various types of organic compounds or their derivatives are found on this earth. Some occur naturally, whereas some are synthesised in the laboratory. These organic compounds are studied in detail under organic chemistry.

Acetone vs Acetate

The main difference between acetone and acetate is that acetone is a ketone having the molecular formula CH3COCH3. However, acetate has a molecular formula of CH3COO- and it’s an anion. In acetone, a total of two methyl groups are present. However, in acetate one -CH3 is present. In acetone, one oxygen atom is present. Whereas in an acetate molecule, two oxygen atoms are present.

Acetone vs Acetate

Acetone is a ketone having the molecular formula CH3COCH3. The molecular weight of acetone is 58.07 grams per mol. Acetone belongs to the family of ketones.

Acetate has a molecular formula of CH3COO- and it’s an anion. 59.044 grams per mole is the molecular weight of acetate. Acetate belongs to the family of anions.

Comparison Table Between Acetone and Acetate

Parameters of ComparisonAcetoneAcetate
DefinitionAcetone is a ketone having the molecular formula CH3COCH3.Acetate has a molecular formula of CH3COO- and it’s an anion.
Molecular weightThe molecular weight of acetone is 58.07 grams per mol.59.044 grams per mole is the molecular weight of acetate.
Type of moleculeAcetone belongs to the family of ketones. Acetate belongs to the family of anions.
Number of -CH3 groups Two methyl groups are present. One methyl group is present.
Number of oxygen atoms One oxygen atom is present. Two oxygen atoms are present.
Formation in industryIndustrially, acetone is manufactured by the method of cumene hydroperoxide.When a proton comes out of acetic acid, acetate ions are formed.
Formation in nature Through the process of catabolism of fats in humans, acetone is formed.Organisms such as methanogenic bacteria are capable of making acetate inside their cells.
OdourThe odour of acetone is similar to fruits. Acetate smells like glue or gives a sweet odour.
UsesAcetone is used in lacquers, nail paint remover, stripping paint.Acetate is used for the removal of paint or varnish from surfaces, electroplating, manufacture of photographic film.

What is Acetone?

Acetone is a flammable, colourless and volatile liquid at 37.5 degrees Celcius, that is, at room temperature. Also, it is the smallest ketone in the family of ketones. Ketone is generally used in industries and household needs.

Through the process of catabolism of fats in humans, acetone is formed. Later it results in the manufacture and production of molecules such as ketones. Acetone is a substance with a fruity smell, and it is also flammable.

acetone

What is Acetate?

When the combination of acetate ion occurs with an alkyl group, the ester is formed. The salts formed contains acetic acid with various other substances such as non-metallic, metallic or another base, and alkaline earthy as well.

Some organisms, such as methanogenic bacteria, are capable of making acetate inside their cells. Acetate smells like glue or gives a sweet odour. Acetate is used for the removal of paint or varnish from surfaces, electroplating, manufacture of photographic film.

acetate

Main Differences Between Acetone and Acetate

  1. The odour of acetone is similar to fruits. On the other hand, acetate smells like glue or gives a sweet odour.
  2. Acetone is used in lacquers, nail paint remover, stripping paint. However, acetate is used for the removal of paint or varnish from surfaces, electroplating, manufacture of photographic film.
Difference Between Acetone and Acetate

Conclusion

Acetone and acetate are two organic compounds that are studied in detail under the scope of organic chemistry. However, other derivatives can be prepared from acetic acid by combining it with other salts.

It belongs to the family of ketones and is generally used as a paint stripper and nail paint remover. Acetate is not always flammable, but sometimes. However, it depends upon the substances acetate combined with.

References

  1. https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10953-013-0010-1
  2. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0009250903004469
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