Difference Between Achilles and Agamemnon

The two heroic characters of greek mythology are Achilles and Agamemnon. According to older stories, Achilles and Agamemnon are considered similar in terms of strength and caliber, but Agamemnon lacks that ability and competency. Achillies is considered to be more humble and noble as compared to Agamemnon. Agamemnon being the leader of his force, never faced risk in the battleground.

Achilles vs Agamemnon

The main difference between Achilles and Agamemnon is that Achilles was a brave, humble, noble, and epic hero. On the other hand, Agamemnon was deprived of caliber and always demand a big share in the loot. Achilles was a respectful leader as well as the strongest man. Whereas Agamemnon was admired by his countrymen as king or leader but he never made a place in their hearts.

Achilles vs Agamemnon

Achilles was described as the epic character of Homer’s Iliad. Achilles is considered the strongest man and his mother tried to make him immortal and undefeatable. She dipped her son in the Styx river and grabbed his heel. This part of the heel became his weakness and the only body part that can be damaged.

Agamemnon was a good leader of Mycenae, a province in Greece. He does not have faith in his army and was trying to get the biggest share for himself. Agamemnon never took risks while fighting in the battleground and was not noble or humble towards people. Agamemnon always strategies the situation and assign people who were a perfect fit for it.

Comparison Table Between Achilles and Agamemnon

Parameters of ComparisonAchillesAgamemnon
NatureAchilles was a kind, noble, short-tempered undefeatable, and strongest man.Agamemnon was an arrogant, manipulative, mean type of person.
ParentsAchilles was the son of King Peleus and Queen Nereid Thetis.Agamemnon was the son of Queen Aerope and King Atreus
DeathAchilles was shot with an arrow by Paris towards the end of the Trojan War. Agamemnon was assassinated by his wife’s lover, Aegisthus. Some state that Clytemnestra, Agamemnon’s wife, and Aegisthus killed Agamemnon. This dramatic incident took place at their own house.
ChildrenKing Achilles and Queen Deidamia have two children Neoptolemus and Oneiros.King Agamemnon and Queen Clytemnestra have four children Iphigeneia, Electra, Orestes, and Chrysothemis.
ProvinceAchilles ruled Phthia, one of the prominent provinces of Greece.Agamemnon was the renowned king of Mycenae.

What is Achilles?

Achilles was one of the ancient warriors of Greek mythology. Achilles was renowned for his heroic spirit in the Trojan war and lead character of Homer’s Iliad. Queen Nereid Thetis and King Peleus were the parents of this great warrior.

Achilles’ most significant feat was when he defeated Hector, the Trojan prince just outside the door of Troy province. However, there is no evidence of Achilles’s death in the Iliad, but some sources claim that he was killed by Paris. Achilles was shot with an arrow towards the end of the Trojan War.

The phrase “Achilles’ heel” represents the point of weakness, when defining someone’s weakness otherwise powerful body. Nereid Thetis, Achilles’ mother dropped her infant in the Styx river and carried him with one heel. Hence, Achilles is undefeatable except for his heel.

To save Achilles from the Trojan war, Thetis decided to hide him at the court of Lycomedes. Achilles was dressed like a girl and was sitting among the Lycomedes’ daughters. He was named Pyrrha, a red-haired girl. Odysseus came to know that he would not be able to conquer Troy without Achilles’ help. Odysseus gets to know this from the prophet Calchas.

What is Agamemnon?

Agamemnon was the son of King Atreus and Queen Aerope. Agamemnon was announced as one of the prominent leaders of Menelaus. When Agamemnon’s brother Menelaus informed him that Helen, Menelaus’ wife was kidnapped by Paris and was sent to Troy. Agamemnon ordered his huge Greek forces to commence Trojan War.

To curb the madness and cruelty spread by Odysseus, Agamemnon ordered Palamedes to threaten Odysseus. Palamedes threaten him by killing Telemachus, Odysseus, infant son. This forced Odysseus to stop his madness to save his son and hence joined the Greek forces.

According to an old saying, it was mentioned that after returning from Troy, Agamemnon was assassinated by his wife’s lover, Aegisthus. Some other versions do state that Clytemnestra, Agamemnon’s wife, and Aegisthus were involved in killing Agamemnon. This dramatic incident took place at their own house.

Agamemnon and Clytemnestra have four children Iphigeneia, Electra, Orestes, and Chrysothemis. Agamemnon was pressurized to sacrifice Iphigeneia, his daughter to commemorate their Greek gods and permit their forces to sail for Troy. Chrysothemis was bullied by his siblings Electra, Orestes and wanted to take revenge for his father Agamemnon. He killed his mother Clytemnestra and her lover Aegisthus and started wandering in Greek areas for many years.

Main Differences Between Achilles and Agamemnon

  • Achilles was the son of Queen Nereid Thetis and King Peleus, the king of Phthia. Also, Agamemnon was the son of King Atreus and Queen Aerope.
  • According to many Greek philosophers, Achilles was unbeatable and undefeatable. He was considered to be the strongest man. However, Agamemnon although being the leader of his army, does lack the caliber.
  • Achilles was a very noble and humble type of person. On the other hand, Agamemnon was a very rude and arrogant person.
  • Achilles was a short-tempered person and could not control his anger. Whereas Agamemnon was a calm and manipulated person. He always manipulated persons for his own profit.
  • Achilles had emotions, respected his countrymen as well as was a respectful person. On the other hand, Agamemnon was a greedy person and did not trust his force.

Conclusion

Achilles was an epic character of Homer’s Iliad and a successful king of Phthia. Achilles was one of the children of King Peleus and Queen Nereid Thetis. To make Achilles immortal, his mother Nereid Thetis poured Achilles into the Styx River. She held her infant by one of his heels and this became his weakness.

Achilles is denoted as the strongest man and the undefeated hero. He was a person who is full of emotions. Also, Achilles was a short-tempered person with huge strength and caliber. Achilles was shot with an arrow by Paris towards the end of the Trojan War.

Agamemnon was the son of King Atreus and Queen Aerope and the king of Mycenae. When Agamemnon’s brother Menelaus informed him that Helen, Menelaus’ wife was kidnapped by Paris and was sent to Troy. Agamemnon ordered his huge Greek forces to commence Trojan War.

Agamemnon was pressurized to sacrifice Iphigeneia, his daughter to commemorate their Greek gods and permit their forces to sail for Troy. Chrysothemis was bullied by his siblings Electra, Orestes and wanted to take revenge for his father Agamemnon

References

  1. https://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=AsQ-EAAAQBAJ&oi=fnd&pg=PP3&dq=achilles&ots=ya4qQ6uil4&sig=x5dwTjWMUnTgL6jGyBazrJDjhM8
  2. https://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=WTRoAgAAQBAJ&oi=fnd&pg=PP1&dq=achilles&ots=F2XsXCSu7G&sig=TPutjukezxaDvG6OqyShGNC8v70
  3. https://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=2H5vemZcR7sC&oi=fnd&pg=PP1&dq=agamemnon&ots=VO-BARU6EJ&sig=lVbVDGIrDyjkncjiNSKeOOktwEc
  4. https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/classical-quarterly/article/last-bath-of-agamemnon/9605BB4E95676AAC7B72CC8B1952FA05

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