Acute vs Chronic Asthma Exacerbation: Difference and Comparison

Asthma is a disease of the airways which makes breathing difficult. Asthma treatment has changed over the years.

Key Takeaways

  1. Acute asthma exacerbations are sudden and severe flare-ups of asthma symptoms that require immediate medical attention.
  2. Chronic asthma exacerbations involve gradually worsening symptoms over time, caused by uncontrolled inflammation in the airways.
  3. Both exacerbations can be triggered by allergens, infections, or other factors, but they differ in onset, severity, and management strategies.

Acute vs Chronic Asthma Exacerbation

Acute asthma exacerbations can be triggered by exposure to allergens, respiratory infections, exercise, and stress, and require immediate treatment with quick-relief medications. Chronic asthma exacerbations can be caused by environmental factors, lifestyle factors, and underlying health conditions.

Acute vs Chronic Asthma

A person with acute asthma exacerbation can have difficulty breathing, feel tightness in the chest, and may cough up mucous or even blood. Acute asthma exacerbation is a common problem in children.

A chronic asthma exacerbation is a severe asthma attack that requires immediate medical attention. It is the most dangerous type of asthma and can lead to death if not treated properly.

Comparison Table

Parameters of ComparisonAcute Asthma ExacerbationChronic Asthma Exacerbation
TypeSudden syndromeLong term syndrome
OccurssuddenlyDue Course time
Respiratory levelIncreaseIncreases after the age of 30
SymptomsVariablePersistent
TreatmentYesUncertain
Mood of the personAgitatedDrowsy or confused

What is Acute Asthma Exacerbation?

Acute asthma exacerbations occur when the airways react strongly to a trigger. The trigger can be anything from a virus to a cold or even exercise. In this article, we will focus on exercise-induced asthma attacks and how you can prevent them.

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However, there are some other things that you can do in preparation for exercise that may help reduce your risk of attack. Acute asthma exacerbation is a sudden attack of airway obstruction, wheezing, and cough in patients with pre-existing asthma.

The severity of an acute asthma exacerbation ranges from mild to life-threatening. The most common symptoms are shortness of breath, wheezing, cough, chest tightness, and decreased activity level due to shortness of breath or fatigue.

Episodic acute asthma exacerbations occur in the setting of viral respiratory infections, air pollution, or other triggers. Acute asthma can also be triggered by non-infectious factors such as stress, exercise, and cold air.

What is Chronic Asthma Exacerbation?

Chronic asthma exacerbation occurs when someone’s asthma has been well-controlled for at least 3 months but then suddenly gets worse. Also known as acute asthma or an acute severe asthma attack (ASA).

The exacerbation leads to difficulty in breathing and may appear fatal in some. Chronic Asthma Exacerbation is a common disease in children and adults. It causes difficulty in breathing, wheezing, chest tightness, and coughing.

The most common types of treatments are inhalers, oral medications, steroids, and regular doctor visits. This article will explain how these treatments work and why they are so important for Asthmatic patients.

Most people think that this means going to the emergency room or doctor’s office for treatment. However, there are other treatments available for your relief from this condition.

Main Differences Between Acute and Chronic Asthma Exacerbation

  1. Acute can be treated back to normal, but Chronic is uncertain to recover back.
  2. Acute makes the person agitated, but Chronic makes the person drowsy or confused.
References
  1. https://www.atsjournals.org/doi/abs/10.1164/ajrccm.163.6.2006069
  2. https://www.cochranelibrary.com/cdsr/doi/10.1002/14651858.CD003559.pub3/abstract
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Last Updated : 11 June, 2023

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8 thoughts on “Acute vs Chronic Asthma Exacerbation: Difference and Comparison”

  1. The inclusion of references enhances the credibility of the information provided on asthma exacerbations. A well-researched and informative article.

    Reply
  2. The article addresses both acute and chronic asthma exacerbations thoroughly. It is valuable to recognize the distinctive symptoms and treatment approaches for each type.

    Reply
  3. The comparison table is a great way to understand and summarize the key differences between acute and chronic asthma exacerbations.

    Reply
  4. A very comprehensive article about asthma exacerbations. It is important to be able to differentiate between the two to determine the appropriate course of treatment.

    Reply
  5. Understanding the differences between acute and chronic asthma exacerbations is crucial for both individuals with asthma and healthcare professionals. This article does a great job of outlining these differences.

    Reply
  6. The detailed explanation on the symptoms and triggers of acute and chronic asthma exacerbations is very informative. It is crucial to know how to identify and respond to these symptoms.

    Reply
  7. A well-articulated and comprehensive discussion of acute and chronic asthma exacerbations. The different treatment approaches for each type are clearly explained. Great article!

    Reply
  8. The comparison between acute and chronic asthma exacerbations provides clear and valuable information, particularly the differences in mood of the person. Thanks for the references provided.

    Reply

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