Difference Between Adderall and Adderall XR (With Table)

A visit to the medical store can be very stressful. Various ailments come with many drugs to heal and comfort the patient. A visit to the medical store is amazingly different than visiting the grocery store. Some medicines purchased over the counter need no prescription. Some drugs need a compulsory medical prescription from an authorized health care professional. The nature of the medication determines the need for a medical prescription.

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder(ADHD) is one of the most common neuro disorders among children. Hyperactivity, inattention, and being impulsive are a few symptoms of ADHD. Adderall and Adderall XR contain a combination of amphetamine salts and are prescription medications helpful for the treatment of ADHD.

Adderall vs Adderall XR

The difference between Adderall and Adderall XR is Adderall is an immediate-release drug and, Adderall XR is an extended-release drug. Adderall is called Adderall IR(Immediate Release), and it needs to be taken multiple times in a day. The effects of the drug diminish within a few hours.

The outcome of Adderall stays up to four to six hours to reach the maximum level in the blood. Adderall is an oral tablet with different strengths and, based on the patients, the doctor prescribes the dosage. Adderall is considered safe for adults and children aged three years.

Adderall XR is an extended-release drug. The substance slowly releases into the system. Taking the medication once during the day is sufficient. It takes up to seven hours for Adderall XR to reach the maximum level in the blood. The effect of Adderall XR lasts up to 12 hours. Adderall XR is an oral capsule. Adderall XR is safe for adults and children aged six years and above.

Comparison Table between Adderall and Adderall XR

Parameters of ComparisonAdderallAdderall XR
TypeAdderall is an immediate release drug.Adderall XR is an extended-release drug.
DosageIt must be taken several times in a day.A single dosage is sufficient per day.
EffectThe effect of Adderall lasts for 4-6 hours.The effect of Adderall XR lasts for 12 hours.
FormAdderall is an oral tablet.Adderall XR is an oral capsule.
AgeAdderall is given to adults and children aged 3 and above.Adderall XR is given to adults and children aged 6 and above.

What is Adderall?

Adderall is a stimulant and an immediate-release drug. It must be taken several times a day as the effects of the drug diminish quickly. Adderall is a prescription medication, and it is a combination of two drugs, namely amphetamine, and dextroamphetamine. Adderall acts as a stimulant.

It is the first choice to treat ADHD(Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder) and Narcolepsy (A neurological condition causing fragmented sleep and excessive daytime sleepiness). Studies conducted show Adderall improves attention, focus and reduces impulsive behavior. Adderall improves daytime wakefulness caused by Narcolepsy.

Adderall is a controlled substance which implies it can cause psychological or physical dependency. It could lead to misuse and abuse of the drug, and the government regulates prescription and allocation. A prescription is compulsory from the certified doctor to obtain the medication.

Adderall medication is a long-term drug. The doctor keeps checking during regular intervals to ween off the patients from the drug and the symptoms related to it. The medication is re-prescribed if the symptoms relapse.

Side Effects of Adderall:

There could be light or significant side effects caused by taking Adderall. Some of the side effects are as follows:

  • Lack of appetite
  • Dryness in mouth
  • Headache or trouble sleeping
  • Constipation 
  • Nausea
  • Weight loss

The side effects are not permanent and last for a couple of weeks. If they are severe, a visit to the doctor is compulsory.

What is Adderall XR?

Adderall XR is a central nervous system(CNS) stimulant. It is an oral capsule taken to treat ADHD(Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder). The medication alters the norepinephrine and dopamine in the brain. Due to which the patient can concentrate, stay on task, and can manage behavioral issues.

Adderall XR is an extended-release drug, and the effect takes place after four hours. Adderall XR is an approved drug to treat ADHD and prescribed to adults and children aged six and above. Adderall XR is not a solitary treatment for ADHD.

The combination of psychological, social, and educational interventions helps to cope with ADHD. The patients are switched from Adderall to Adderall XR at regular intervals. This switch is constantly regulated and reevaluated by the doctor.

Some doctors prescribe opening the Adderall XR capsule and consume the beads with any soft food. Based on the prescription, Adderall XR is not affected by the consumption of food. The time and the dosage of the drug should remain constant.

Side Effects of Adderall XR:

Adderall XR does have a few side effects that the patient must be aware of:

  • The stimulant may impact the growth of the child
  • Patients with a history of seizures must avoid this medication.
  • Blurry vision may occur due to the drug.
  • It could lead to blood circulation issues.

Main Differences between Adderall and Adderall XR

  1. Adderall is an oral tablet. Adderall XR is an oral capsule.
  2. Adderall is an immediate release drug. Adderall XR is an extended-release drug.
  3. Adderall takes about four hours to reach the maximum level in the blood. Adderall XR takes around seven hours to extend the highest level in the blood.
  4. Adderall needs to be taken several times during the day. A single capsule is sufficient for Adderall XR.
  5. Adderall applies to adults and children aged three and above. Adderall XR is relevant to adults and children aged six and above.

Conclusion

Both Adderall and Adderall XR contain the same ingredients and help in the treatment of ADHD. ADHD treatment is personalized based on every individual’s situation. The patients react differently to the prescribed drugs.

Since Adderall is an immediate-response drug, this increases the consumption during times in the day, or there could be a relapse. Adderall XR has the advantage of taking a single dose during the day. Adderall XR produces fewer adverse effects as compared to Adderall.

Both Adderall and Adderall XR are prescribed based on the overall condition and symptoms of the patients. Both Adderall and Adderall XR increases the heart rate and blood pressure. Adderall and Adderall XR are effective, and any drugs can work best for the patient. The dosage is personalized, and it takes time for the patient to adjust to the medication.

References

  1. https://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/110/2/258.short
  2. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0890856709611576


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