Difference Between AK 47 and INSAS (With Table)

With the world expanding and getting bigger and bigger, people are getting more and more knowledgeable about the topics that were once considered not something to talk about. One of these topics is that about weaponry and other war materials. Guns and in particularly, rifles are a big part of weaponry and one of the most common ones are AK 47 and INSAS.

AK 47 vs INSAS

The difference between an AK 47 and an INSAS is that an AK 47 is an individual weapon, a rifle while INSAS is an abbreviation for Indian Small Arms Systems, meaning it comprises more than one item of weaponry in it. INSAS, basically, has two main components: An assault rifle, a light machine gun also known as LMG.

AK 47 is a popular rifle that has been in use since the war of World War 2 in 1947. It is now considered a legendary piece of weaponry by many as not only its reliable and has easy costs of production but also is easy to use and understand. It is a well-rigged rifle and because of its calibre bullet, It has a better kill power in comparison to other rifles.

INSAS is more of a name consisting of a System of rifle weaponry. Its full form is Indian Small Arms System. There is a three round burst mechanism that is used in INSAS that an AK 47 doesn’t provide and can be a really good advantage and hence, provides it with an edge over an AK 47’s auto mode.

Comparison Table Between AK 47 and INSAS

Parameters of ComparisonAK 47INSAS
Another nameAvtomat KalashnikovaIndian Small Arms System
Year of discovery19471980
Developed byMikhail KalashnikovNo particular person
Developed inSoviet UnionIndia
Manufacturers Kalashnikov Concern and various other places.Armament Research and Development Establishment

What is AK 47?

An AK 47 is a gun that was designed by Mikhail Kalashnikov in the soviet union for the last year of World War Two. Mikhail started to design the idea for the gun in 1942. The weapon has been in use for at least 6 decades now since it was first used but it still holds a popular option for choosing by users because the costs of production are cheaper compared to other rifles. For the users, The weapon is easy to understand and easy to use. It is a very basic machine but is known for its high performance, even in hard climatic

conditions. Also, since it is so popular, it is rather easily available in comparison to other weaponry.

It has better rounds per minute, firing power and operating conditions. The number “47” is significant to the year it was finished designing. An AK 47 is a heavier gun than an INSAS rifle.

What is INSAS? 

An INSAS is a group of weaponry that was made by the Indian government to overcome the use of rifles and weaponry starting from the 1980s. The reason for this system was that the government

thought the earlier versions of weapons were not that useful and were becoming obsolete.

The name INSAS is a short abbreviation for the Indian Small Arms System. It mainly has two components in its infantry arms. The two main weapons consist of:

An Assault Rifle: This rifle is of selective fire, meaning these types of rifles have the capabilities in three different modes are Burst mode, semi-automatic and fully automatic. These modes are to be fired by the user by their choosing. These types of rifles are the standard weapon in most of the countries armies. Big and popular rifles like AK 17 and M16 comes under an assault rifle.

A Light Machine Gun: They are bigger and heavier barrel than an assault rifle. They are available in two modes: Semi and fully auto. The INSAS assault rifle was the standard use of weaponry for the Indian Army up until 2019. But then, at the beginning of the year 2019, it was replaced by AK-203, (which are designed in Russia and manufactured in India as both the countries have a joint venture) and SIG 716. The light machine gun has been in the process of replacing it in 2020 to IWI Negev NG. IWI Negev NG is designed by Israel and the acronym “NG” translates into the short form for “Next Generation.”

Main Differences Between AK 47 and INSAS

  1. If to be weighed, An AK 47 rifle would come as heavier compared to an INSAS rifle.
  2. Not only in weight but an AK 47 is also bigger than INSAS if the weapons are to be measured in length.
  3. INSAS are more expensive in comparison with an AK 47.
  4. More ammunition is collected in an AK 47 than in an INSAS rifle. AK 47 has ammunition that is 7.62 mm as opposed to INSAS which gives lower ammunition of 5.56 mm.
  5. AK 47 has an automatic firing mode that can be turned on and used while an INSAS does that have this feature.
  6. Since AK 47 is more popular, it is manufactured and used on a global level while INSAS’s production takes place in a rather small number of places like Ichapore Arsenal and the small
  7. arms factory.


Both the guns, whether it be AK 47 or an INSAS or any other gun should be used only by those who work for the safety of the country like the Army, Police. The point of confusion for people comes because of the look and in their similarities between working pattern. They both have the same gas operated rotating bolt and long stroke piston. Even though AK 47 is more popular, INSAS has its own advantages as well.

The sad truth about the world is that it is not perfect, there are still people looming over and covering themselves, disguising in a crowd of people and one can’t separate a person from one who has bad motives, this is the reason that the government should be ready and prepared with the latest technologies and weaponry for anything that comes over their city and its citizens.


  1. https://books.google.co.in/books?id=teAAHt1GaE8C&dq=difference%20between%20ak47%20and%20insas&source=gbs_similarbooks
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