America vs India: Difference and Comparison

There are more than 160 countries present in this world. But we only know about a few countries. America and India are the two name, which is known by everyone. The reasons are following 

Due to their glorious history, political structure, promoting peace, active participation in climate change, and playing a key role in curbing the spread of diseases.

Both countries have their own sets of rules, regulations, and policies, which helped them a lot to get recommendations at the world level.

America, a developed country, spends a lot of money on other countries for their development. Like funding the developing and the underdeveloped country to take action against climate change, and also funding the UN to take measures to maintain global peace order.

While India is known for its soft power policy. A country that is tolerant of all cultures and religions. Like people in India follow both Western and it’s own cultures. People from religions like Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, Christianity etc, are living here peacefully.

Key Takeaways

  1. America is a developed country with a high standard of living, while India is a developing country with a lower standard of living.
  2. America is primarily a western country with a predominantly Christian population, while India is a diverse country with multiple religions and cultures.
  3. America strongly emphasizes individualism, while India values community and family ties.

America vs India

The Government form of America is the Federal Presidential Republic, and that of India is the Federal Parliamentary Republic. The national language of America is English, and of India is Hindi. America is a first-world country, and India is a third-world country. Land-wise, America is larger than India.

America vs India

America lies in the Northern Hemisphere. It is the first democratic country in the world that gained independence in 1773. The capital of the USA is Washington, DC.

In terms of area and population, it ranks 4th and 7th, respectively. It shares a land boundary with Canada in the South and Mexico in the North. More than half of the population follows Christianity.

It is a federation of 50 states, including Alaska. It is the most powerful and the developed country in the world.

India lies in the Northern Hemisphere. It gained independence in 1947 from the Britishers. Its capital is New Delhi. In terms of population, it ranks 2nd after China.

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It shares land boundaries with Pakistan, China, Nepal, Afghanistan, Bhutan, Myanmar, Srilanka, and Bangladesh. India is considered soft power in the world and follows the policy of Sarv Dharm Sambhavam and Vaisudhav Kutubkam.

India is the birthplace of three religions Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism. It is considered a developing country. Half of the population follows Hinduism.

Comparison Table

Parameters of ComparisonAmericaIndia
Democracy Presidential form of democracy Parliamentary form of democracy
Status Developed country Developing country
Citizenship provision of dual citizenship provision of single citizenship
Name of the parliament CongressParliament
United Nation Permanent member of UNnot a permanent member of UN
Seperation of powerIt follows the concept of strict separation of power.It follows the concept of checks and balances.
Federalism America follows the concept of dual federalism.India follows the concept of cooperative federalism.

What is America?

America, the oldest democracy in the world, follows the presidential form of democracy. America was also a colony of the British. But after independence, it became the first democratic country in the world with a written constitution.

The Parliament of the USA is known as Congress. It has two houses. The upper house is known as Senate, and the lower house is known as the House of Representatives. President is the real head of the state.

People are hard-working and goal-oriented. They are open to Western culture. People believe in individuality. There is no concept of a joint family. As far as the economy, America is the most developed country with the highest GDP rate in the world.


What is India?

India lies in the Northern Hemisphere and part of Southern Asia. It is the seventh largest country in the world. It is known as the “land of wonders.” Surrounded by the Himalayan range in the North and the Indian Ocean in the South.

India was ruled by different kingdoms from ancient times to modern times. Like in Mediaeval Period, kingdoms like Maurya, Mughals, etc., and in modern times, it was ruled by Britishers. India finally got independence from the Britishers in 1947.

After that, India is a sovereign democratic country.

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Prime Minister is the real head of state, whereas President is the nominal head of state. The Parliament of India has two houses known as Rajyasabha and Loksabha. It has a lot of cultural diversity but still follows the principle of “Unity in Diversity.”

Here, people are tolerant towards all cultures. Historically, the country has been following the principle of “Sarv Dharm Sambhavam”. Also, it is the birthplace of three religions like Buddhism, Jainism, and Hinduism. It is one of the fastest-developing countries in the world.

After independence, India has managed to become a self-dependent country in foodgrains and has also become a net exporter of foodgrains to other countries.

In the geopolitics, in spite of a nuclear state. India is considered a soft power. As it considers the world as “Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam.”


Main Differences Between America and India

  1. America is a self-dependent country in terms of arms and equipment, whereas India is dependent on the countries like Russia, America, etc.
  2. America follows the strict separation of Power that is no interference in the working of the judiciary, legislative, and executive, whereas India follows the principle of checks and balances.
  3. America has a policy of dual citizenship, whereas India follows a policy of single citizenship.
  4. America became a country after the agreement among all the states, and States have the right to declare themself free from the union, whereas there is no such agreement that happened, and no states have the right to declare themself from the union.
  5. In America, marriage isn’t considered sacrosanct, but in India, it is considered sacrosanct.
  6. In America, most of the population lives in urban areas, whereas in India, most of the population lives in rural areas.
Difference Between America and India

Last Updated : 14 October, 2023

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