Difference Between Amarone and Valpolicella

When it comes to pasta, Italy is not only home for it but also of wines. The tourists and locals of Italy love to drink wine. If someone has not tasted Amarone and Valpolicella wines, then the person is missing a lot about Italy. The origin of both these wines is the Valpolicella region.  

Valpolicella is a place that is full of nature, wine, and rich culture. Tall mountains, clear busy streams, and luscious forests can be seen in this region. As a result, in this region, grapes grow healthfully. In this article, the difference between wines, namely Amarone and Valpolicella, are highlighted. 

Amarone vs Valpolicella 

The main difference between Amarone and Valpolicella is their flavors. Amarone burst with flavors of prunes, dark chocolate, strawberry, raisins, and cinnamon spice. On the other hand, Valpolicella offers intensely concentrated flavors of raspberry, cinnamon, and wild strawberry.    

Amarone vs Valpolicella

The full name of Amarone is Amarone della Valpolicella. It is wine made in Valpolicella with partially dried grapes. Throughout the Valpolicella denomination, Amarone is produced from grapes which are dried until at least 1 December. Invariably by Corvina, the flavors and aromas of Amarone are determined. 

The region namely Valpolicella is a place that creates its classic wine known as Valpolicella. The rules of Valpolicella make sure that grapes must grow in a traditional way for their authenticity preservation. That’s why systems of traditional training are permitted, such as Spallieta or Pergola Veronese. 

Comparison Table Between Amarone and Valpolicella 

Parameters of ComparisonAmaroneValpolicella
Origin19381968
Alcohol levelHigh (14.5-15.5%)Moderate (around 11%)
TasteDry or off-drySweet
Best usedWithin 7-15 yearsWithin 3-5 years
PairedWith biased meat dishes, like bolognese or oxtail stewWith burgers, pasta, pizza, and grilled steaks

What is Amarone? 

Amarone is an Italian DOCG denomination that is of typically rich dry red wine and made from partially dried grapes namely Rondinella (5- 30%), Corvina (45- 95%), and other varieties of approved red wine which are up to 25%. The name Amarone generally means “bitter.”  

Originally, the name is given to distinguish from Recioto, which is produced in the same region, namely Valpolicella and sweeter. Since ancient times, in Valpolicella, notable wines have been produced, but before 1953, the wine namely, Verona was not marketed as Amarone.  

It was believed that in 1936, Adelino Lucchese was the one who coined the label Amarone. In December 1990, this wine was assigned the status of the DOC or Denominazione de Origine Controllata. According to 2008, total production for sale was 8.57 million bottles, including recioto.  

The production process of this wine, which is labor-intensive, poses a significant risk for the several wine faults development. During harvest, rainy and wet weather might cause the rot of grapes before even drying out and requires diligence in removing rotted bunches by winemakers that can cause the flavor of moldy in the wine. 

What is Valpolicella?  

Valpolicella is a red wine that is typically made from the varieties of grapes such as Molinara, Veronese, Corvina, and Rondinella. In the area, a variety of wine styles is manufactured, consisting of Amarone and recioto dessert wine. Most basic Valpolicella is generally light and fragrant table wines manufactured in Novello style.  

At the end of fermentation, Valpolicella retains sugar content and gives sweetness, Valpolicella Classico is produced from grapes that are grown in the original production zone of Valpolicella. When it comes to Valpolicella Superiore is aged generally for at least one year. Valpolicella Ripasso is made with grape skin that is partially dried and leftover from fermentation.  

A range of wine styles are offered by Valpolicella and all are made from a combination of Rondinella, Corvinone, and Corvina grapes. Some of the winemakers might also be Oseleta and Molinara. Each winery has a specific formula that equivalent specific terroir.  

Valpolicella wine is made to be fresh and young and show the grape’s pure essence. An archaeologist from Verona, namely Stefano De Stefani, made the first delimitation in 1881, the wine-making zone of Valpolicella, and documented all the methods which are traditional that were in use there. 

Main Differences Between Amarone and Valpolicella 

  1. Amarone burst with flavors of prunes, dark chocolate, strawberry, raisins and cinnamon spice. Meanwhile, Valpolicella offers intensely concentrated flavors of raspberry, cinnamon, and wild strawberry.   
  2. Amarone is made from the combination of grapes, namely Corvina, Rondinella, and Molinara. On the other hand, combination of grapes namely Rondinella, Corvinone, Oseleta, Corvina and Molinara are used in Valpolicella.   
  3. When it comes to aging, for at least two years, Amarone must be aged starting in the year just after harvest. In contrast, Valpolicella must be aged at least one year.   
  4. The origin of the word Amarone is from Italy, in which “amaro” generally means bitter. On the flip side, Valpolicella means the valley, which is of many cellars.   
  5. To a drier style, Amarone wines will be fermented, and on the residual sugar some will reach double figures, but several down around 5g/l to 7g/l. Conversely, at the end of fermentation, Valpolicella retains sugar content and gives sweetness, starting at around residual sugar of 50g/l and upwards. 

Conclusion 

It can be concluded that both Amarone and Valpolicella are two of the wines that have an origin from the place, namely Valpolicella, which is full of nature, wine, and rich culture. In this region, grapes grow healthfully due to tall mountains, clear busy streams, and luscious forests. Amarone tastes dry or off-dry, whereas Valpolicella tastes sweet. Amarone should be consumed within 7-15 years, while within 3-5 years Valpolicella can be best used.

The alcohol level in Amarone is high, which is about 14.5-15.5%. Meanwhile, a moderate level of alcohol is present in Valpolicella, which is around 11%. Amarone burst with flavors of prunes, dark chocolate, strawberry, raisins, and cinnamon spice. On the flip side, Valpolicella offers intensely concentrated flavors of raspberry, cinnamon, and wild strawberry.     

References  

  1. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/9781118569184.ch13
  2. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0021967395009620
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