Difference Between ASTM and ISO Standards

The modern world has seen a rise in consumption demands for a wide variety of goods and services.

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Business Quiz

Test your knowledge about topics related to business

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Productivity means how much was done compared to what it took to do it.

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Cash flow is:

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In case of death or insolvency of a partner the firm is?

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When an existing company offers its shares for sale to the existing shareholders, it is known as ___________.

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Overall and strategic planning is done by the ___________.

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Which of the following is not a manufacturing industry?

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__________ scale firms enjoy economies of scale.

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Who takes no active part in Business?

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Membership in a Co-Operative Society is?

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When at least 51% shares are in the hands of government, it is called as __________.

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In such a scenario, it becomes crucial to ensure that the goods and services meet a minimum standard check or quality assurance for the well-being of all.

ASTM and ISO standards refer to two such types of mechanisms that prescribe rules for the global market. 

ASTM vs ISO Standards 

ASTM International focuses on developing technical standards for materials, products, systems, and services. ISO develops standards that provide guidance and best practices for various business processes and management systems, such as quality management, environmental management, etc.

ASTM vs ISO Standards

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ASTM refers to a standards organization that serves the function of improving the quality of products, enhancing health and safety, and strengthening market access and trade.

The main duty for drafting the standards lies in the hands of the ASTM technical committee.

ASTM standards cover a wide variety of areas including paints, petroleum, energy, and environment. 

ISO refers to an international organisation that publishes technical, industrial, and commercial standards for the world.

ISO Standards are often viewed as a formula that provides an in depth description of doing everything effectively.

In addition, it is an independent, non-government organization. 

Comparison Table

Parameters of ComparisonASTM Standards ISO Standards 
MeaningASTM is a national organisation that is a part of the ISO organisation. ISO is an international organisation that incorporates ASTM. 
Validity ASTM Standards are considered less valid than ISO standards. ISO Standards are considered more valid than ASTM Standards.
TypesThere are six types of standards developed by ASTM. There are more than twenty thousand standards prescribed by ISO. 
Participation ASTM Standards involve a small scale participation of experts as compared to ISO Standards.ISO standards are formulated by the expert professionals from 165 countries. 
Launch Year ASTM was launched in 1902.ISO was founded on 23 February 1947.

What are ASTM Standards?

ASTM refers to a standards organization.

The main function of ASTM is to develop and publish voluntary consensus technical standards for a large number of products, services, systems, and materials.

The initial name of ASTM was American Society For Testing and Materials. ASTM was launched in 1902.

The standards proposed by ASTM are voluntary. However, they are a vital part of several laws, codes, and regulations around the globe.

The main duty for drafting the standards lies in the hands of the ASTM technical committee. Such committees usually comprise consumers, producers, users, and general interest parties.

There are six types of standards developed by ASTM. 

The standards are test method, classification, specification, guide, practice, and terminology standards.

In a test method, there is a brief description of a procedure including details such as the test apparatus and test calculations.

In a specification standard, there is in-depth information about the conditions that a product or material must satisfy. 

A practice standard enlists the steps that are necessary to carry out a task or an operation. ‚Äė

A guide standard, on the other hand, offers several choices, but it lacks information regarding a specific course of action.

As evident by name, a terminology standard provides insights into the abbreviations and terminologies that are used by industry or any other organisation. 

What are ISO Standards?

ISO refers to an international organisation that publishes technical, industrial, and commercial standards for the world.

ISO was founded on 23 February 1947. The ISO comprises member organisations from 165 countries across the globe.

In addition, it is an independent, non-government organization. There are more than twenty thousand standards prescribed by ISO. 

The most popular ISO Standards include ISO 14001, ISO 27000, ISO 22000, ISO 50001, ISO 13485, and ISO 31000. ISO 14001 revolves around environmental issues.

ISO 14001 builds the base for an Environmental Management System. ISO 27000 covers information technology. The main objective is to provide protection to company assets. 

ISO 22000 revolves around food safety. It is intended to develop and implement a food management system and assist any firm in the food chain.

In addition, ISO 50001 intends to improve energy consumption and efficiency by setting up an energy management system.

ISO 13485 is specific to the health industry and lays emphasis on the manufacturing of medical equipment.

ISO 31000 is mainly concerned with the establishment of a risk management system to ensure that organisations are able to manage risks in an effective manner.

There are several other ISO standards such as ISO 26000, ISO 20121, and ISO 16949.

The ISO standards thus assist in the creation of products and materials that are safe, eligible, and of good quality. 

Main Differences Between ASTM Standards and ISO Standards 

  1. ASTM is a national organisation that is a part of the ISO organisation. On the other hand, ISO is an international organisation that incorporates ASTM. 
  2. While ASTM was launched in 1902,  ISO was founded on 23 February 1947.
  3. ASTM Standards are considered less valid than ISO standards. On the other hand, ISO Standards are considered more valid than ASTM Standards.
  4. There are six types of standards developed by ASTM. In contrast, there are more than twenty thousand standards prescribed by ISO. 
  5. ASTM Standards involve a small scale participation of experts as compared to ISO Standards. On the other hand, ISO standards are formulated by the expert professionals from 165 countries.
References
  1. https://www.cabem.com/top-10-most-popular-iso-standards/ 
  2. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ASTM_International#:~:text=ASTM%20International%2C%20formerly%20known%20as,products%2C%20systems%2C%20and%20services. 
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