Difference Between AVI and MPG (With Table)

Audio Video Interleave stands for AVI. It has been used in the Windows technology Video. It has been developed by Windows in reprisal of Apple’s MOV file format. Most people don’t know that AVI and MOV aren’t formats of encoding but are wrappers for video formats. The Moving Picture Experts Group, on the other hand, is represented by MPG. MPG is a series of extensions. The normal MPEG-1 and MPG-2 lack video and audio compression.


The difference between AVI and MPG is that audio Video Interleave stands for AVI. It has been used in the Windows technology Video. It has been developed by Windows in reprisal of Apple’s MOV file format. The Moving Picture Experts Group, on the other hand, is represented by MPG. It was established by ISO and IEC in 1988 by a working group of experts.

AVI is a Microsoft-introduced file wrapper of video data encoded into several codes. AVI is one of the common video formats. At the moment, though, AVI had neither the complexity nor advanced characteristics of QuickTime. Microsoft subsequently opened a format for the Open DML community. Microsoft eventually dropped the AVI format to its WMV format.

MPG is a popular digital file format used for encoding and transmission of audio and video. The family of standards and file formats for digital video compression is defined by the company. MPG has the objective of setting standards for encoding and transmitting audio and video. By 2005, the party consisted of about 350 participants per meeting from different industries, universities, and institutions of study.

Comparison Table Between AVI and MPG

Parameters of Comparison AVIMPG
File TypeAudio Video Interleave FileMPG Video
DescriptionAVI is a Microsoft-introduced wrapper file with video information that can be encoded in a number of codes. The video format of AVI is one of the most common.Audio and video encoding and transmission is a popular digital video format for MPG. This includes the family of regular and community file formats for optical video compression.
Developed byMicrosoftMoving Picture Group
Pros1) Most players and platforms supported; 
2) Lower compression uses than MPG.
1) default DVD burning format; 
2) Widely used in the recording of the film.
ConsThe AVI video/audio codecs could be format problems.Digital consistency sacrifices the file size.

What is AVI?

An AVI file is a Microsoft-generated multimedia container format stored in the Audio Video Interleave format (AVI). Video and audio files can be stored in many coding systems. You will use various video players such as Microsoft Movies and TV, Windows Media Player, and Apple QuickTime Player to open AVI files packed into their respective operating systems.

The format of the AVI is based on RIFF, which was first launched for multimedia storage in 1991. The resource file format of AVI is used. The AVI format, which is still popular today, was introduced in Microsoft a year later in 1992. A wide number of game players permit it, but the player must encode the video data for playing the video correctly.

Audio and video files of high quality in AVI can be stored and are normally less compressed than other popular video formats such as.MPG and.MOV. This leads to very large AVI file sizes that can provide small space users with challenges.

What is MPG?

Short and pronounced m-PEG is the moving picture experts group’s ISO task force. The word also applies to the category families of standards and file formats for optical video encoding. MPG usually produces better recordings, like Windows Vídeo, Indeo, or QuickTime, than competing formats.

The hardware decoder (codecs) is required for processing MPG files previously on PCs. Today PCs will, however, use codecs like RealNetworks, QuickTime, and Windows Media Player products, software-only. MPG algorithms compress small-bit data that can be transferred and disconnected quickly.

Instead of the whole frame, MPG only stores transitions from one frame to another and achieved a high level of compression. The information is then encoded with a so-called technique (DCT). Since any data is deleted, MPG uses a form of loss compression. However, data decline is usually unknown to the human eye.

The Motion Picture Experts Group stands for MPG. It is called AVC or H.264 by newer standards; this article focuses mostly on MPG-I part 12, most widely used for videos like DVDs. A video standard of 320 lbs240 pixels original in 1996, HDTV Resolutions up to 1920 lbs21080p is supported by the most recent version.

A file extension for MPG files is normally “.MPG”. With MPG compression, the output is diminished only marginally with negligible loss to minimize the file dimensions of a multimedia file. It is more effective to stream MPG films on the Internet than to send them fully, saving time and bandwidth.

Main Differences Between AVI and MPG

  1. AVI is a Microsoft-inspired file wrapper with the possibility to encrypt video data, whereas MPG’s common digital video format for audio and video compression.
  2. AVI is supported by most players and devices, whereas MPG does not support all devices.
  3. AVI can be used for storing, whereas MPG is used in video recording.
  4. AVI is slightly higher than MPG for the sake of video accuracy, whereas MPG is what you need if you want to burn DVD videos.
  5. AVI has been developed by Windows in reprisal of Apple’s MOV file format, whereas MPG was developed by Moving Picture Group.


In playback, AVI remains superior to MPG as more players play in AVI formats than in MPG. But players are now able to play MPGs, and it will be only a matter of time for all players to add MPG file support.

The info that is lost when you turn MPG to a practical compression is very little, and it is not sufficiently stressable to have a limited file. But high-quality video editing is essential to produce professional and smooth videos. The decision is straightforward. When registering for a technical purpose, adhere to the AVI format, so later on, you can convert it to MPG. But if it’s just anything to show your mates, you can save the trouble of re-encoding a file directly to MPG.


  1. https://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=
  2. https://dl.acm.org/doi/abs/10.1145/844128.844158
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