Difference Between Aztecs and Incas

The Aztecs forged a three-way coalition with the Texcocans as well as the Cubans in 1428, led by Itzcoatl, to fight the Tepanec, the province's most formidable rivals for dominance, and take their city of Azcapotzalco.

The Incas constituted little more than a South American culture created by ethnic Quechuas, often referred to as Amerindians.

Comparison Table Between Aztecs and Incas

Parameters of ComparisonAztecsIncas
Year of EmergenceAztecs were actually a Mesoamerican civilization in central Mexico around 1300 to 1521 during the post-classic era.During the 12th century A.D., the Inca initially arose in what is now southeastern Peru.
Based on EmpireAztecs had a commendable armed force under their leadership but were still behind Incas.Incas, on the other hand, had a bigger empire compared to Aztecs.
Communication SkillsAztecs were somehow less civilized and more on the rude side.The Incas expanded their communication process by creating a runner system that conveyed dispatches to their capital and other parts of the empire.
Based on LocationsAztecs lived around the Mexico Valley.The Incas resided around the Andes Mountains.
For DocumentationAztecs usually used Codex for documentation purposes.On the other hand, Inca came up with the idea of quipus for documentation purposes.

What are Aztecs?

The Aztecs showed up in Mesoamerica all-around beginning of the 13th century, most likely as a nomadic tribe from northern Mexico.

The Aztec folk's beginnings are unknown, but they have been thought to have originated as a northern tribe of hunter-gatherers named after their native land, Aztlan, which means "White Land" in the Aztec dialect of Nahuatl.

The Aztecs also were considered as the Tenochca (through which the identity of their country's capital, Tenochtitlan, was inferred) or the Mexica (through which the initials of their provincial capital, Tenochtitlan, was abstracted).

Their emergence occurred shortly after the Toltecs, the previously dominant Mesoamerican culture, fell or may be aided in the fall of the Toltecs.

What are Incas?

The Incas are best known for founding the Inca Empire in pre-Columbian America, which lasted from 1438 to 1533 and was centered in what became Peru. It was the pinnacle of Inca civilization.

The Inca Empire, which was centered on the Andean mountain range, used conquering and peaceful internalization to integrate the region of contemporary Peru, followed by a massive component of western South America, into their imperial power. 

The final Sapa Inca (emperor) of the Inca Empire was caught and executed on the instructions of the conquistador Francisco Pizarro soon just after Inca Civil War, signaled the beginning of Japanese rule.

The empire's remains fled to Vilcabamba's isolated jungles, where they founded the little Neo-Inca State, which was defeated by the Spanish in 1572.

Main Differences Between Aztecs and Incas

  1. Aztecs lived around the Mexico Valley, whereas the Incas resided around the Andes Mountains.
  2. Aztecs usually used Codex for documentation purposes. On the other hand, Inca came up with the idea of quipus for documentation purposes.
Difference Between Aztecs and Incas


Overall, both the Aztecs and the Incas were magnificent aboriginal empires of the New Land, with incredible achievements.

The Incas were a peaceful people. Maybe it was because of this proclivity that they were so easily defeated.

Their former ruler and his entire court of nobility were assassinated by Francisco Pizzaro, a Spanish invader, someone they had gone out to welcome.


  1. https://books.google.co.in/books?hl=en&lr=&id=IqecX148zLsC&oi=fnd&pg=PR8&dq=difference+between+aztecs+and+incas&ots=tCKIYyop_j&sig=y7v7FON56kMBcj1cq-3y1Kjf8_4&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=difference%20between%20aztecs%20and%20incas&f=false
  2. https://www.degruyter.com/document/doi/10.1515/9780822379263-010/html
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