Difference Between Aztecs and Incas (With Table)

There have been several civilizations in prominence in the Americas before Cortez’s arrival. The Olmecs, Mayans, Toltecs, Aztecs, and Incas were among these peoples. The Aztecs, as well as the Incas, constituted two of these empires that had some of the greatest lasting consequences. There were many parallels and distinctions between these two cultures.

Aztecs vs Incas

The difference between Aztecs and Incas is that the Incas dwelt inside the Andes Mountains, whereas the Aztecs resided in Central Mexico. The Incans preserved their deceased by exposing them to the elements on a mountain ledge, in which the wind would evaporate the moisture from their skin.

The Aztecs forged a three-way coalition with the Texcocans as well as the Cubans in 1428, led by Itzcoatl, to fight the Tepanec, the province’s most formidable rivals for dominance, and take their city of Azcapotzalco. Montezuma (Moctezuma) I, Itzcoatl’s successor, came to prominence in 1440 and became known as the “Father of the Aztec Empire.”

The Incas constituted little more than a South American culture created by ethnic Quechuas, often referred to as Amerindians. Originally they were a minor mountain tribe around 1400AD, but a century later, in the early 16th century, the Incas ascended to capture and dominate the largest empire have ever had in the Americas, founding the mighty Inca Empire.

Comparison Table Between Aztecs and Incas

Parameters of ComparisonAztecsIncas
Year of EmergenceAztecs were actually a Mesoamerican civilization in central Mexico around 1300 to 1521 during the post-classic era.During the 12th century A.D., the Inca initially arose in what is now southeastern Peru.
Based on EmpireAztecs had a commendable armed force under their leadership but were still behind Incas.Incas, on the other hand, had a bigger empire compared to Aztecs.
Communication SkillsAztecs were somehow less civilized and more on the rude side.The Incas expanded their communication process by creating a runner system that conveyed dispatches to their capital and other parts of the empire.
Based on LocationsAztecs lived around the Mexico Valley.The Incas resided around the Andes Mountains.
For DocumentationAztecs usually used Codex for documentation purposes.On the other hand, Inca came up with the idea of quipus for documentation purposes.

What are Aztecs?

The Aztecs showed up in Mesoamerica all-around beginning of the 13th century, most likely as a nomadic tribe from northern Mexico. The Aztecs arose as the major power in central Mexico, establishing an individual’s social, cultural, religious, and commercial organization that helped bring many of the region’s towns under their influence by the 15th century, all from their majestic capital city of Tenochtitlan. Invaders headed by the Spanish conquistador Hernán Cortés toppled the Aztec Empire and seized Tenochtitlan in 1521, bringing Mesoamerica’s last huge empire to a finish.

The Aztec folk’s beginnings are unknown, but they have been thought to have originated as a northern tribe of hunter-gatherers named after their native land, Aztlan, which means “White Land” in the Aztec dialect of Nahuatl. The Aztecs also were considered as the Tenochca (through which the identity of their country’s capital, Tenochtitlan, was inferred) or the Mexica (through which the initials of their provincial capital, Tenochtitlan, was abstracted). The Aztecs arrived in Mesoamerica, or pre-Columbian Mexico’s south-central region, and early thirteenth century. Their emergence occurred shortly after the Toltecs, the previously dominant Mesoamerican culture, fell or may be aided in the fall of the Toltecs.

What are Incas?

The Incas are best known for founding the Inca Empire in pre-Columbian America, which lasted from 1438 to 1533 and was centered in what became Peru. It was the pinnacle of Inca civilization. Before 1438, the Inca state has been renowned as the Kingdom of Cuzco. The Inca Empire, which was centered on the Andean mountain range, used conquering and peaceful internalization to integrate the region of contemporary Peru, followed by a massive component of western South America, into their imperial power. 

The final Sapa Inca (emperor) of the Inca Empire was caught and executed on the instructions of the conquistador Francisco Pizarro soon just after Inca Civil War, signaled the beginning of Japanese rule. The empire’s remains fled to Vilcabamba’s isolated jungles, where they founded the little Neo-Inca State, which was defeated by the Spanish in 1572. After Pachacuti’s changes, the kingdom was dubbed Tawantin Suyu, which means “The Four Regions” or “The Four United Regions” in Quechua. Even before the Quechua pronunciation alteration, it was spelled Tahuantinsuyo in Spanish.

Main Differences Between Aztecs and Incas

  1. Aztecs were actually a Mesoamerican civilization that existed in central Mexico around 1300 to 1521 during the post-classic era. On the other hand, during the 12th century A.D., the Inca initially arose in what is now southeastern Peru.
  2. Aztecs had a commendable armed force under their leadership but were still behind Incas, whereas Incas, on the other hand, had a bigger empire compared to Aztecs.
  3. Aztecs were somehow less civilized and more on the rude side. The Incas expanded their communication process by creating a runner system that conveyed dispatches to their capital as well as other parts of the empire.
  4. Aztecs lived around the Mexico Valley, whereas the Incas resided around the Andes Mountains.
  5. Aztecs usually used Codex for documentation purposes. On the other hand, Inca came up with the idea of quipus for documentation purposes.

Conclusion

Overall, both the Aztecs and the Incas were magnificent aboriginal empires of the New Land, with incredible achievements. It’s a shame that the invading Europeans devastated them so brutally that both civilizations vanished. However, the archaeological remnants of these two civilizations, as well as historical narratives, provide us with a good picture of their time in the sun.

The Incas were a peaceful people. Maybe it was because of this proclivity that they were so easily defeated. Their former ruler and his entire court of nobility were assassinated by Francisco Pizzaro, a Spanish invader, someone they had gone out to welcome. On the other hand, the Aztecs kept the armed forces and held the Spanish in the world’s longest siege.

References

  1. https://books.google.co.in/books?hl=en&lr=&id=IqecX148zLsC&oi=fnd&pg=PR8&dq=difference+between+aztecs+and+incas&ots=tCKIYyop_j&sig=y7v7FON56kMBcj1cq-3y1Kjf8_4&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=difference%20between%20aztecs%20and%20incas&f=false
  2. https://www.degruyter.com/document/doi/10.1515/9780822379263-010/html
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