Difference Between Brandy and Cognac (With Table)

People usually consume alcoholic drinks for relaxation. There are many types of liquor like Brandy, wine, beer, vodka, etc. are available worldwide which indeed intoxicating, but good when consumed within a prescribed limit. Brandy is a liquor made of distilled wine and cognac is a variety of brandy. Cognac is one of the most classic types of brandy.

Brandy vs Cognac

The main difference between brandy and cognac is that brandy is made by distilling wine while cognac is a type of brandy that is made by distilling grape wine twice. And while brandy can be anywhere in the world cognac is only made in the cognac region of France. All the cognac is brandy but all brandies are not cognac.

Brandy is a liquor that is made by distilling wine which normally contains 35% to 60% of alcohol. Brandy is served at room temperature, neat, and is added to many other drinks to make cocktails. The history of brandy goes as far as the 15th century. It is preserved for years to make it tastier.

Cognac is a type of brandy that is made by distilling the wine twice, and it is formed by grapes grown in a particular region. Cognac is specially made from grapes from a particular region. It is also preserved for years to make it more loving and tasty. Minimum it is aged for 2 years before selling it to public.

Comparison Table Between Brandy And Cognac

Parameters of ComparisonBrandyCognac
DefinitionBrandy is a liquor made by distilling spirit made from fermented fruits.Cognac is made of grapes that are grown in a particular region of France.
DistillationIt is distilled once.Cognac is distilled twice.
Distilled In?Brandy is distilled in pot stills and column stills.Cognac is distilled in copper pot stills.
Aged Brandy is aged in wooden casks.Cognac is aged in oak barrels or Limousine or Troncais.
ExamplesCognac, Armagnac, pisco, Italian Stravecchio, etc.Cognac is a type of brandy.

What is Brandy?

Brandy is a type of liquor. It is made by distilling wine or fruits. There are almost 35% to 60% of alcohol in brandy. Brandy is mostly taken in neat or is mixed with other beverages to make cocktails. Brandy is also known as Eau De Vie which means “water of life”.

Brandy is made by blending and ageing in different styles. The ageing is done for years, the more the ageing the finer it tastes. Some brandies have caramel color and sugar added to them to imitate ageing. The ageing is done in two types, one is done by putting the unaged brandy in a wooden cask or oak barrel for years and the second is done by putting the brandy in different wooden casks over time. Every year the oak barrel is changed. This system of changing barrels each year is called the solera system.

Brandy is mostly consumed at room temperature and many times the glass is heated a bit too as a warm brandy increases its aroma. The alcohol vapor of the brandy becomes strong when it is heated and therefore it becomes more overpowering.

The most famous types of brandy are cognac, Armagnac, Christian brothers, and Paul Masson, etc.

What is Cognac?

Cognac is a type of brandy. Cognac is one of the most famous types of brandy in the world which is made in a particular region. It comes from Southwest France, the area is known as superior terroir. They are made special because of the soil, climate, and topography the grapes are grown in. Indeed, the brandy is known after the commune of Cognac, France.

The Cognac is distilled twice than normal brandy in copper pot stills and then blended and aged to make it better. It is aged for two years minimum but the longer it is ageing the more it tastes better. Mostly the most famous cognac is made from special grapes known as Ugni Blanc which are also known as Saint-Emilion.

The cognac is a colorless spirit that has at least 70% of alcohol before it is put into wooden casks, but with aging, it loses 3% of alcohol percentage and water, each year. White wine is also used in making cognac which is very dry, acidic, and thin. There are six grades of cognac brandy: VS, VSOP, XO, XXO, Napoleon, and Horsdage.

The VS or three stars are aged for almost two years, VSOP is aged for three years and XXO is aged for at least 14 years.

Main Differences Between Brandy And Cognac

  1. Brandy is a wine distilled once while cognac is distilled twice.
  2. Brandy can be made all over the world while on the other hand Cognac is made by grapes coming from a particular region.
  3. Brandy is made from fermented fruit juice or grapes or fruits while cognac is made from white grapes.
  4. Brandy is aged in wooden casks while cognac is aged in oak casks, Limousine or Troncais.
  5. Brandy is distilled in pot stills or column stills while on the other hand cognac is twice distilled in a copper pot still.

Conclusion

Brandy is an alcoholic beverage that is made from distilling wine. It is made all over the world with fermented juice or fruits. Brandy is mostly consumed warm as it increases the powering of the brandy. Brandy is blended and aged to make it better. It is also mixed with other beverages to make classic cocktails.

And cognac is the most famous type of brandy. Cognac is made in a particular region. And that’s why it is so special. Cognac is aged by keeping it in oak barrels or limousine for years, the more time the better it will taste. This goes for all alcoholic beverages.

References

  1. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/jsfa.1516
  2. https://pubs.acs.org/doi/pdf/10.1021/ie50351a018
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