Bronchitis vs Laryngitis: Difference and Comparison

The human body has five major sense organs, i.e., eyes, nose, mouth, ears, and skin. The pathway between the nose and the lungs is the larynx and, there are small units in the lungs called bronchioles.

The disease in the bronchioles and larynx is called bronchitis and laryngitis.

Key Takeaways

  1. Bronchitis is an inflammation of the bronchial tubes that causes coughing, wheezing, and shortness of breath. At the same time, laryngitis is a larynx inflammation that causes hoarseness, coughing, and difficulty speaking.
  2. Bronchitis can be acute or chronic and is caused by a viral infection. At the same time, laryngitis is acute and can be caused by a viral or bacterial infection, overuse of the voice, or exposure to irritants.
  3. Treatment for bronchitis may include rest, fluids, and medication to relieve symptoms, while treatment for laryngitis may include voice rest, hydration, and medication to reduce inflammation.

Bronchitis vs Laryngitis

Bronchitis is a medical illness that occurs when there is an inflammation of the bronchiole and bronchi, and it causes difficulty in breathing, coughing, wheezing, sneezing and tightness of the chest. Laryngitis is a disorder caused by the inflammation of the larynx and is noticeable by a change in the voice.

Bronchitis vs Laryngitis

Bronchitis is the inflammation of the bronchioles in the lungs. The bronchial pipes, including the trachea, also swell up during bronchitis. Bronchitis lasts for 5 days to 21 days approximately.

The infected individual suffers shortness of breath, tightness of the chest, heavy wheezing, sneezing, soreness of the throat, and coughing.

On the other hand, laryngitis is the inflammation of the larynx. The infected individual experiences a change in their voice and delivery of speech.

It lasts for normally 3 weeks, but it can last more than 3 weeks when serious. The infected individual may have an itchy throat with pain in swallowing food. Acute laryngitis is caused by a virus called Influenza virus or adenovirus.

Comparison Table

Parameters of ComparisonBronchitisLaryngitis
Affected partBronchitis is the inflammation of the bronchioles. Laryngitis is the inflammation of the larynx.
CausesCoronavirus, RSV, parainfluenza virus, the influenza virus can cause the acute form of bronchitis.Smoking, vocal stress, GERD, excessive coughing can cause laryngitis.
DiagnosisBronchitis can be detected by physical tests and X-ray scanning.Laryngitis can be diagnosed by rigid laryngoscopy or laryngeal stroboscopy.
Treatment and careNonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, narcotic, and analgesic medicines can treat bronchitis. It can be treated with self-care and home remedies. In serious conditions antacid, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, and proton-pump inhibitors can be used for medication.
PreventionIt can be prevented by keeping cleanliness, wearing masks, and getting vaccinated against it. It can be prevented by drinking plenty of water, quitting smoking, applying less stress to the voice box.

What is Bronchitis?

Bronchitis is an infection that involves the inflammation of the bronchial tube linings. The bronchial tube lines help in carrying air or oxygen to and from the lungs. Bronchitis can be of two types depending on the severity, i.e., acute and chronic.

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The most common type of bronchitis is acute bronchitis, and it occurs because of a cold. Chronic bronchitis is much more serious and is caused due to excessive smoking.

Acute bronchitis cures within 10 days of diagnosis, whereas chronic bronchitis comes in about and is categorized under Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD).

The most common symptoms of acute and chronic bronchitis are shortness of breath, fatigue, chest discomfort, cough, fever, and mucus production, which is greyish-yellow but can have blood on severity.

The symptoms of acute bronchitis are mild, i.e., slight headache and body pain, especially in the joints. These get cured within 7 to 10 days.

The symptoms of chronic bronchitis are persistent cough lasting for nearly 3 months, and it never cures permanently. After persistent coughing for 3 months, it can again occur after one or two years.

The most common cause of bronchitis is smoking, a toxic environment, and dust. There are some steps through which one can prevent having bronchitis.

One must quit smoking, get vaccinated against the bronchitis virus, wash and keep hands clean frequently, using surgical masks in case of COPD.

One must consult a doctor immediately in case of discolored mucus, shortness of breath, high fever ranging above 100.4˚ F, insomnia, producing blood, and continuous wheezing.

bronchitis

What is Laryngitis?

Laryngitis is the inflammation of the larynx, also known as the voice box of the human body. The inflammation is caused in acute form by a virus called Influenza virus or adenovirus.

The infected individual may have an itchy throat with pain in swallowing food. The infected individual experiences a slight change in their voice. It lasts for normally 3 weeks, but it can last more than 3 weeks when serious.

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The most common symptoms of laryngitis are loss of voice or a weakened voice, dry cough and dry throat, sore throat, hoarseness, and itchy sensation in the throat.

These symptoms last even less than a week in the case of acute laryngitis. Chronic laryngitis is very rare and can last for a long time.

Acute laryngitis can be cured by proper care at home, but one must seek medical attention in case of a blood cough, high fever, pain in the throat, or breathing problems that last for more than a week.

Acute laryngitis is caused due to viral and bacterial infection, vocal stress, etc. Chronic laryngitis is caused by smoking, overuse of alcohol, overuse of the voice, gastroesophageal reflux disease or acid reflux, allergens, chemical fumes or smoke, etc.

One can prevent severe laryngitis by limiting the consumption of caffeine and alcohol, consuming less amount of spicy food in the diet, washing and keeping hands clean, avoiding direct contact with people with upper respiratory tract infections, quitting smoking, and must avoid secondhand smoke, must maintain a healthy diet and drinking 8 to 10 glasses of water daily to keep the skin and throat clean and hydrated.

laryngitis

Main Differences Between Bronchitis and Laryngitis

  1. Bronchitis is the inflammation of the bronchioles, whereas laryngitis is the inflammation of the larynx.
  2. Bronchitis has symptoms of coughing, chest pain, wheezing, and tightness of the chest, whereas laryngitis has symptoms of strained voice, itchy and sore throat, etc.
  3. Bronchitis can be diagnosed by physical examination and X-ray, whereas laryngitis can be diagnosed by laryngoscope and physical examination.
  4. Coronavirus, RSV, parainfluenza, and influenza can cause acute bronchitis, whereas laryngitis is caused by excessive coughing, vocal stress, and smoking.
  5. Bronchitis can be cured by medication, whereas laryngitis can be cured by putting less stress on the vocal cords, using steam, and gargling.
Difference Between Bronchitis and Laryngitis
References
  1. https://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=lang_en&id=f55pvtNwD4YC&oi=fnd&pg=PR15&dq=bronchitis+and+laryngitis&ots=LVndWsCjbB&sig=5LBOwMlvwlMlVC2XazOjc6R5DXM
  2. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/apa.13162

Last Updated : 27 June, 2023

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