The computer is used in almost all of the activities taking place. To make changes and innovation in computers, a person needs to be a programmer; to understand the computer language and write it.
Programming is a course under which a person learns one or several computer languages. The choice is yours which language you want to learn.
There are various computer languages such as java, C#, C+, python, etc. C++ and C# both are the most common and important computer languages and also are the extension of the C language.
Most people get confused between those and find it difficult to choose between both the language. To terminate this, this article has all the differences between C++ and C# so that it’ll be easier for everyone to choose the best language according to them.
C++ vs C#
The difference between C++ and C# is that C++ is not perfectly object-oriented while C# is Object programming. They also have a difference in terms of their features, such as memory management, platform Dependency, Multiple Inheritance, Bound Checking, Pointer, compilation, application, and many more.
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C++ is a middle-level programming language and is an extended version of a low-level C programming language that has additional features.
It has several advantages that include portability or platform independence, multi-paradigm, memory management, low-level manipulation, large community support, scalability, and, last but not least, compatibility with the C programming language.
C# is also a programming language and is an extended version of the C programming language that runs on the .Net framework. It is also an enhanced version of the C++ programming language.
It has several advantages that include object-oriented, cross-platform, automatic garbage collection, avoiding the problem of memory leak, better integration, cost-benefit, programming support, etc.
|Parameters of Comparison||C++||C#|
|Memory Management||It is performed manually.||It is performed automatically.|
|Platform Dependency||Code can be run on any platform.||Code is windows specific.|
|Multiple Inheritance||It supports multiple inheritances.||Do not spend multiple inheritances.|
|Bound Checking||Not performed by the computer.||Performed by compiler|
|Pointers||Can be used anywhere in programs.||Can only be used in unsafe mode only.|
What is C++?
C++ language was developed by Bjarne Stroustrup, a Ph.D. student of Denmark, to improve the already existing C programming language by adding some new features in it.
It is an intermediate-level programming language due to its derivation from a low-level language. All technical and commercial software can be developed with these programming languages.
Following are some facts about the C++ language:
- It introduces object-oriented programming from the Simula67 Programming language.
- It supports primary features such as abstraction, polymorphism, encapsulation, and inheritance of object-oriented programming.
- The minimum requirement to run a C++ program is a function.
- It was invented at American Telephone & Telegraph, bell laboratories, in the U.S.A.
- It can also be written without using classes.
- Most of the new languages are influenced by it.
- It supports several programming styles.
Although this has various advantages as mentioned above, still it has all the following disadvantages:
- It is an 8-bit program only.
- During high-level programming, it becomes more complex.
- It does not support garbage pickup, Dynamic Memory Allocation, threads built-in.
- It is not fully secured due to its pointer and global variable.
- It is not used for the platform-dependent app.
What is C#?
C# also called C Sharp, is a high-level programming language derived from the low-level C programming language and developed by Anders Hejlsberg, a leader of a team of Microsoft in 2002.
It compiles into byte-code. Following are some of the facts related to C# are:
- The name is stimulated by the musical notation.
- The name C# was first used in 1988 by the Microsoft team.
- It is similar to another C-style family language, for example, Java and C++.
- It is used for embedded systems to write the application.
- It is suitable for developing games, web pages, android applications, Windows store app, etc.
- Contains the highest class that supports Generics and Templates and internalization.
- It has a native garbage collection.
- Offers Standard Library
- Assembly Versioning
- Conditional Compilation
- Simple Multithreading
- Lambda and LINQ Expressions
- Integration with Windows
Disadvantages of C# programming languages:
- It has a poor x-platform GUI.
- The server running the application of the system must be windows based.
- It is less flexible as compared to other languages.
Main Differences Between C++ and C#
- They both are different in terms of memory management. In C++, it is performed by the programmer manually. He is responsible for deleting the object he earlier created for some task, while in C#, this is done by the garbage collector automatically. The garbage collector is responsible for deleting the object created by the programmer for some task.
- C++ has an advantage as it can be used on any platform, while C# can only be used on Windows.
- Multiple Inheritances is supported by C++ but not by the C#.
- Bound Checking by the compiler is not supported in C++, while in C# bound checking is performed by a compiler.
- The pointer can be used by the programmer anywhere in C++ while it can only be used in an unsafe mode in C#.
- As both of them are an extended version of a low-level programming language, but C++ is a middle level, and C# is a high-level programming language.
- C++ is comparatively difficult and more complex to use, whereas C# is easier due to its well-defined hierarchy classes.
- After compilation, C++ code directly converts into machine code while C# code converts into an intermediate language.
- C++, due to its primary data types, is not purely object-oriented programming, while C# is purely Object-oriented programming.
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Sandeep Bhandari holds a Bachelor of Engineering in Computers from Thapar University (2006). He has 20 years of experience in the technology field. He has a keen interest in various technical fields, including database systems, computer networks, and programming. You can read more about him on his bio page.