Difference Between Malware And Virus (With Table)

Malware and Virus are terms used in computer language. They are often used like they have the same meanings. The core meaning is the same but technically the two words have many differences. Malware is malicious software. A virus is a type of Malware. Therefore the two terms are interchangeable but there are more types in Malware. So, they are not the same.

Malware vs Virus

The main difference between Malware and a virus is that Malware is malicious and intrusive software that harms a computer. It is particularly designed to disrupt and damage the computer. On the other hand, Virus is a type of computer program that copies itself and destroys the files in the computer. A virus itself is a type of malware.

Malware is any software that is designed intentionally to disrupt a computer and its networks. Programs that act against the interests of the user are also malware. There are many types of malware like viruses, spyware, worms, Trojan horses, scareware, wiper, etc. A range of firewalls is available in the market to detect and protect malware in computers.

A virus is a type of malware that copies itself and inserts its own code, which leads to the damage of files in the computer. These viruses can cause serious damages to the computer network. They cause billions of dollars worth of economic damage per year. There is antivirus software available in the market to protect the computer from these viruses.

Comparison Table Between Malware And Virus

Parameters of ComparisonMalwareVirus
DefinitionMalware is any software that is designed intentionally to disrupt a computer and its networks.A virus is a type of malware that copies itself and inserts its own code, which leads to the damage of files in the computer.
ClassificationMalware is further classified into viruses, spyware, adware, wiper, Trojan horses, rogue software, etc.A virus is not classified further.
Anti-Software’sMcAfee antivirus plus, Kaspersky, etc.Malware Bytes, Spybot search, etc.
FirewallUsually, there is no firewall.There is a firewall.
ConflictsMalware doesn’t conflict with other anti-software’s.Anti-virus can conflict with other installed anti-viruses.

What is Malware?

Malware is software that is intentionally designed to gain authorization to a computer network and damage the files. This software act against the interests of the user and damages and disrupts the files and computer networks. However, if the software causes harm unintentionally it is called a software bug. Malware doesn’t affect only the computers, it affects laptops and smartphones as well.

Malware has further types like computer viruses, trojan horses, worms, spyware, adware, rogue software, scareware, wiper, and ransomware, etc. This malware is spread by the internet which is used by everyone like emails, websites, etc.

Earlier the malware was intentionally made to experiment and used as pranks. However, these days the malware is used by hackers and governments as well. They use malware to steal data like personal information, passwords, financial information, etc. They are also used to disrupt files in computer networks like illegal videos, audio, and images.

To protect desktops and laptops from this malware, there is plenty of anti-malware software present in the market. The anti-malware software detects the malware into the computer and removes them as well as prevents the malware to gain access to the computers.

What is Virus?

A virus is a type of malware. A virus replicates itself and inserts its own code into the host program of the computer. Host program is the code that is executed by a computer to perform a specific task. When the virus inserts its own code into the host program the program first runs the virus’s code which causes damage to the network of the computer. A virus is not classified further.

The viruses attach themselves to legitimate files and programs in order to corrupt them. They are distributed through infected websites, emails, and flash drives. When a person opens the file the virus gains access to the computer drive. These viruses are created to seek profit by stealing personal, financial, and business information from the computers of people. They are also used to send political messages. Indeed, these viruses can delete files, encrypt files, and disable system functions.

These viruses were created in the 1980s to gain access to computer networks and steal information from others. After that other versions followed. To protect the computers from the antivirus the anti-virus software are available. Some of the anti-virus software are McAfee Anti-virus plus, Avira, Kaspersky, Avast Pro, etc.

Main Differences Between Malware And Virus

  1. Malware is software that is made intentionally to damage computer networks. A virus is a type of malware that copies itself, insert its code into the host program to damage the computer files and network.
  2. Malware is further classifies into viruses, spyware, adware, wiper, rogue software, etc. A virus is not classified further.
  3. There is antimalware software that protects against malware. And there are different antivirus software that specifically protects against viruses.
  4. Antimalware software can protect against threats that are not dealt with before but antivirus software can only dealt with viruses that are detected earlier.
  5. All the malware are not viruses but all the viruses are malware.

Conclusion

Malware is malicious software that is designed specifically by someone to corrupt the computer files and network. There are many types of malware, in which virus is one. The virus repeats itself, inserts its own code into the host program, when this code runs the written virus is executed first which damages the files. They can gain unauthorized access to a computer system.

These malware cause billions of dollars of damage in the economic sector per year. This is why many types of antivirus software are available in the market to protect computers from this malware. This antivirus software detects the malware and removes them, they also use walls to prevent the malware.

References

  1. https://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.138.2515&rep=rep1&type=pdf
  2. https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Rajeev-Kumar-3/publication/220796366_Hybrid_analysis_of_executables_to_detect_security_vulnerabilities/links/0c96051d6d61258824000000/Hybrid-analysis-of-executables-to-detect-security-vulnerabilities.pdf#page=82
x
2D vs 3D