Difference Between Cashmere and Pashmina

Cashmere and Pashmina are the type of woolen fabric that is cozy and luxurious; both are famous around the globe and are made using the fur of a goat. But at times there are questions that arise in our mind relating to their differences. Both seem similar to one another which makes it difficult to choose among them? And to answer this question we have come up with some of their unique differences that will help you out with this question.

Cashmere vs Pashmina

The main difference between Cashmere and Pashmina is that Cashmere comes from a range of goats, and it is more durable and affordable than Pashmina. On the other hand, Pashmina is a sort of cashmere that derives from a particular breed of goat. It has a smoother, warmer feel than Cashmere.

Cashmere and Pashmina

The delicacy of the nearly velvety fibers, distinguishes Cashmere as one of the smoothest and most sumptuous types of wool. Pure Cashmere can be quite expensive due to the complicated manufacturing operation, where the fibers are extracted by hand from the molting coats of goats. It’s regarded as one of the most elevated fibers

Pashmina is regarded as the world’s best handicraft, transforming the extremely cozy and soft Cashmere threads into sumptuous accessories. The Changthangi Goat’s wool is referred to as “Pashm” from which the Pashmina wool is extracted. This unusual goat can only be seen 15000 ft. above sea level in Ladakh, Jammu, and Kashmir, leaving Pashmina even rarer and coveted around the globe.

Comparison Table Between Cashmere and Pashmina

Parameters of ComparisonCashmerePashmina
SourceCashmere goats Changthangi goats
Size of Fibers16-19 microns10-16 microns
DurabilityMore durable than PashminaLess durable than Cashmere
Use to make– Scarves
– Shawls
– Blankets
– Sweaters
Socks
– Hats
– Scarves
– Blankets
SoftnessLess soft than PashminaSofter than Cashmere

What is Cashmere?

Wool that is obtained from cashmere goats and pashmina goats is known as Cashmere; the old spelling of Cashmere was Kashmir; this is part of northern India where Cashmere is still manufactured.

Origin of Cashmere: Cashmere wool is said to first originate in the Kashmir valley which is a piece of terrain tucked among the Pir Panjal Range and the Great Himalayas in the Indian subcontinent. According to historical context, Cashmere became popular as a fabric for many different kinds of apparel during the 14th century AD, even before there are written allusions to shawls made from Cashmere wool in the 3rd century BC.

Manufacturing Process of Cashmere: As one of the most renowned and luxurious fabrics Cashmere has made a unique place in the world of fabric. And the process of making Cashmere fabric from the wool of a goat includes different procedures. Let’s have a look at the effort by which we get the best fabric in the world.

  1. Collecting: When spring arrives, goats start to molt or shed their fur. The ancient method of hand-combing the wool to liberate both the down and guard strands is still preferred today due to the higher yield of pristine Cashmere wool. After gathering the wool, the workers check for any leftover guard hairs or impurities that must be eliminated for the wool yarn to be as smooth and pliable as possible.

2.  Purification: Cashmere wool must be cleansed before it can be colored, spun, or stitched into clothes. This eliminates any remaining dirt or unwanted materials, as well as any surplus animal oils from the unprocessed fiber.

Spinning: The spinning mules (a device used to spin fibers) are the actual powerhouses in the armory of the wool maker. These devices process many spools of cashmere that rapidly produce yarn of varied thicknesses that may be wound into cones for final quality assurance. It’s at this moment that it’s Cashmere wool yarn, set to be woven into a variety of high-end goods.

Feature of Cashmere: As we know Cashmere is one of the most famous and desired fabric but, what are the qualities of Cashmere that makes it so favorable? Well, here are some of the lists of Cashmere’s quality that will help us find the answers:

  • Extraordinarily soft
  • The original colors of raw Cashmere are white, grey, and brown, however, they can be dyed into different beautiful colors.
  • Silky texture
  • Moisture-wicking and extremely cozy.

What is Pashmina?

Pashmina is the utmost sophisticated variant of Cashmere and one of the highest quality wools accessible in the world. Pashmina wool is hard to come by since it is only produced at a specified time of year by Pashmina goats that usually yield 80-170 grams of wool per year.

Origin of Pashmina: Pashmina has a long history dating back to 300 B.C. However, a Sufi saint named Mir Syed Ali Hamdani introduced Pashmina to Kashmir from Iran in the 13th century A.D. Hamdani had a team of artists with him who trained Kashmiri craftsmen how to weave distinct shawls out of Pashmina wool collected from Kashmiri goats living in the upper Himalayas regions of Ladakh. Throughout this time, the market of Pashmina thrived.

Manufacturing Process of Pashmina:  Pashmina is not only a name of a certain fabric but it is the name of the brand which is highly renowned and prestigious. It is one of the luxurious fabrics we find on this planet. But how these astonishing fabrics are made? To answer these questions let’s have a glance at the procedure by which these fabrics are made.

1.  Spinning: The yarn is gathered every year and then spun by hand. The raw material is stretched and cleaned before passing through the spinning process to eliminate all impurities.

2. Weaving; Because of the vibrations created by the power looms, weaving Pashmina wool is extremely sensitive. As a result, handlooms are used to weave the traditional 100% Pashmina Shawls.

3. Coloring: Dyeing, like spinning, is done entirely by hand. To create completely eco-friendly shawls, azo-free and metallic dyes are utilized throughout the procedure.

Feature of Pashmina: The popularity of Pashmina is at its peak, there are several features and qualities of Pashmina that make it extremely popular. Some of its qualities that make it’s a unique and awesome fiber are listed below:

  • It is extremely cozy and warm.
  • It has a natural crimp that is smooth and fluffy.
  • Pashmina fabric is lighter, thin, and permeable.
  • It is a fabric with a rich sheen and a graceful draping.

Main Differences Between Cashmere and Pashmina

1. Cashmere is warmer than Pashmina due to dense fiber.

2. Cashmere is made by a machine while Pashmina is made by hand.

3. Cashmere is widely available as compared to Pashmina.

4. Cashmere is easy to spin, while Pashmina is difficult to spin.

5. When compared to Cashmere, Pashmina has a finer and softer texture.

Conclusion

Although Cashmere and Pashmina are sometimes interchangeable, they have unique and distinct qualities that set them apart. Both are popular and luxurious fabrics around the world, however, when compared, Cashmere falls short of Pashmina. Pashmina is finer and softer than Cashmere, and its scarcity makes it more valuable than Cashmere. Having said that, these two types of wool are the most distinctive and rare fabrics you come across, and they are the epitome of luxury and quality. Now that you have a better understanding of their differences, we hope it will be easier for you to select between the two.

References

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