Difference Between Cleaning and Sanitizing

Cleaning as well as sanitizing both requires the removal of germs. Both the process involves deep hygiene, and it clearly helps people to kill the germs and live in a peaceful environment.

Cleaning vs Sanitizing

The main difference between cleaning and sanitizing is that cleaning requires surface sanitization, such as surface hygiene is maintained by germ removal. Sanitizing is a cleaning process that involves sanitization by chemicals. Sanitization is more hygienic than mere cleaning. Sanitization is done to a standard health protocol provided by the health administration of a nation.

Cleaning and Sanitizing

Cleaning is a process that involves the removal of dust and other debris associated with the floor or surface. Cleaning provides a germ-free environment.

Sanitizing is the removal or refusing of the germs associated with an object. It is done to a safe level with the hell of sanitizing agents that are available for use.

Comparison Table Between Cleaning and Sanitizing

Parameters of ComparisonCleaningSanitizing
GermsRemoval of germs.Reduces the number of germs associated with an object.
StepsThis is the first step for a clean environment.Sanitizing is the second step involved in the cleaning process.
DefinitionIt is the process of the removal of germs, dust, and debris.Sanitizing is the process of reducing the number of germs on an object.
Removal factorsDirt, dust, and allergens are removed.It reduces bacterial accumulation.
ComplexityIt isn’t complex when compared to that of the sanitization process.It is complex when compared to that of cleaning.

What is Cleaning?

Cleaning is a step-by-step process that involves the process of making something clean and hygienic. It is an essential step that is required to be followed by everyone to achieve a clean environment.

Cleaning, on the other hand, requires processes that involve the removal of dust and debris from the environment to maintain a hygienic surface.

Cleaning involves mild soap-based solutions to create the foam for the removal of bacteria and other germs associated with the surface, and this disinfectant will help in maintaining hygiene by significant removal of dust.

What is Sanitizing?

Sanitizing is the process of reducing the number of germs associated with a product or object. Sanitizing is followed by a set of procedures that is being already set by the health ministry or aboard.

There are plenty of sanitizers that are available and are considered safe to use for individuals to sanitize their hands.Sanitization is used to remove the accumulation of any bacteria on a particular surface.

Sanitization methods are advised by the health ministry, and one has to sanitize according to the provided standard protocols. It is also at times complex when compared to that of the normal cleaning techniques.

Sanitization is required when someone steps out of their homes and returns. It is also essential to be done when someone recovered from illness.

Main Differences Between Cleaning and Sanitizing

  1. Clean is not complex when compared to sanitization, whereas sanitization is quite a complex process to follow.
  2. Cleaning involves a soap-based solution to create a foam-based surface, and then it is washed, whereas sanitization requires sanitizers that are commercially available for use.
Difference Between Cleaning and Sanitizing


Cleaning and sanitization are both required in order to maintain a clean and hygienic environment. Cleaning involves a basic step that would aid in the removal of dust and other debris associated with the surface.

Cleaning is considered simple, whereas sanitization requires a set of standard procedures to be executed. Hence, sanitization is a little more complex than cleaning.


  1. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7149890/
  2. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7603432/
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