Difference Between Communism and Socialism (With Table)

Communism vs Socialism

The key difference between Communism and Socialism lies in the fact that in communism, the government owns and controls all types of economic resources whereas in socialism, an individual can hold property but all other economic resources are communally owned and controlled by a democratically elected government.

The main intention of production in communism is to meet basic human needs and distribution is of no charge, whereas the intention of socialism is to meet individual and social needs and distribution differs as per individual ability and contribution.

The major difference is that in communism government controls and people receive a portion of resources based on their needs.

People cannot own a house in a communist state, they can’t own anything and everything is under government control. People will just get what they need according to their necessities like food, medical care, education, etc.

In a communist state, it doesn’t matter how hard you work, you will just get the same amount of portion you are getting and this stops the ability to work harder and better.

But in socialism, citizens can own their personal properties but the major means of generating wealth will be under an elected government.

In socialism, citizens can play their role in the government and the government is not involved in every aspect of the field.

Citizens get necessities according to their contribution and ability in society. In a socialist state, it does matter how hard you work because without working hard, you will not get anything in this and it motivates people to excel in their field.


Comparison Table Between Communism and Socialism (in Tabular Form)

Parameter of ComparisonCommunismSocialism
PropertyCitizens cannot have their personal properties.Citizens can have their personal properties.
FreedomAll religions are abolished.Everyone has a right to practice religion.
Distribution of economic productionIt’s distributed according to their needs.It’s distributed according to this contribution.
Class distinctionAll classes are abolished.Classes exist but differences are made.
Economy planned byCentral government.Central government.
Political systemCan co-exist with the political systemOnly the political system


What is Communism?

Communism is a social and political ideology expressed by Karl Marx in the mid-18th century. The ultimate goal is to establish a society based on common ownership of the means of production and absence of social classes, money, and state.

The “Communist Manifesto” was published in 1848, and was a turning point in the French Revolution as the merchant class took over the “means of production” and overthrew the feudal power.

In the final stage, Marx and his followers abolished all class distinction, family and religion as everyone would live in a social equilibrium.

There will be no state, and people will get according to their needs and necessities, no matter how hard they thrive, and sooner enough, the Marxist slogan became as “to each according to his needs.” Prominent examples of communism are China, Egypt, etc.

Communist Countries
Communist Countries

What is Socialism?

Socialism is a political and economic theory of social organization that advocates that the means of production, distribution, and exchange should be owned by the community as a whole and there would be more equal distribution of goods and services.

Difference Between Gulf and Bay (With Table)

Socialism creates equality and provides security. There are class distinctions and people have the freedom to practice whatever they believe.

There is no social equilibrium in society because you get things according to your ability and the contribution to society.

This help peoples to dream big and makes them work harder than before which is important for the country and themselves.

How Socialism works
How Socialism works

Main Differences Between Communism and Socialism

  1. Under communism, the people got what they need according to their necessities, nothing more or less than that. But in socialism, citizens get according to their ability and contribution and this can vary depending on their contribution to society.
  2. In communism, everything is publicly or governmentally owned. No one has personal properties. In socialism, citizens can have their personal properties but the chief means of generating wealth will be under government.
  3. Communist states reject all religions because they think it will reject their idea of equilibrium state due to religious wars and superiority. But in communism, everyone is free to practice their religion as they think religion makes society better and it’s the God who is running this world
  4. Communism abolishes class distinction as in the communist state, everyone is the same so every family is treated the same no matter from which background they are. But in socialism, there is a class distinction as one can own more than the other family and can have superiority over others.
  5. In communism, there will be only one political system and there will be no amendment in the system. But in socialism, the amendments can be made in political systems and they can co-exist with other political systems.
  6. The basic philosophy of a communist state is the distribution of assets/resources according to needs. But in the socialism distribution of assets/resources is according to the contribution.


Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) About Communism and Socialism

  1. Is capitalism better than socialism?

    Socialism is something that depends upon the misunderstanding of human nature and also the fact that everyone is willing to work towards a common goal of betterment of all.

    But in reality, every person just tries to grab the positives of other’s work.

    On the other hand, capitalism is also not perfect but at least gives a fair chance to everyone to perform and get the reward.

  2. Which countries are socialist?

    A socialist country is the one which is also known as the worker’s state. It looks after the development of socialism in the country.

    Some of the major examples of socialist countries include the five Nordic countries that include Norway, Finland, Denmark, Sweden, and Iceland.

    Here, the main state on behalf of their citizens owns the major portion of the national economy.

  3. Is capitalism fair?

    Capitalism is by far the one and only system which has proven to be fair for everyone. The intervention of the government is a must in everything. But capitalism is something which is free from government intervention.

    The FAIRNESS AS PROCESS STANDARD is followed in capitalism. The differences in the viewpoint, strengths, and weaknesses of the individuals are noted in capitalism.

  4. What are the types of socialism?

    Socialism is something that depends upon the misunderstanding of human nature and also the fact that everyone is willing to work towards a common goal of betterment of all.

    Socialism is of 11 types: Utopian Socialism, Anarchism, Marxism, Social Democracy, Democratic socialism, liberal socialism, libertarian socialism, religious socialism, ecosocialism, regional socialism and left-wing nationalist socialism.

  5. Do Socialists believe in private property?

    Private property from the past many years is believed to be an important part of the capitalization within the economy.

    Initially, the socialist was against the rule of the private property as they had in mind that this was the main cause of all the social troubles that were happening in society.

    Thus, they wanted the mass to control the private property, instead of an individual.

  6. Who made communism?

    In the year 1840, a German philosopher, who was also a sociologist, named Karl Marx gave rise to communism.

    He lived in the country of England, after running from the German authorities as there he was considered a political threat to the country.

    He started writing and publishing books in which he wrote about different theories of communism which later became famous as Marxism.

  7. Where did communism come from?

    Talking about the time when communism gained its reputation, it evolved out of the socialist movement in Europe, in the 19th century.

    With the advancement of the industrial revolution, the socialist influencers started blaming capitalism for the worse that was happening to the nation.

    Thus, in the year 1917, with the victory of Bolsheviks, Soviet Russia was created which was the first communist revolution.

Difference Between Rugby and Soccer (With Table)



Some countries wanted to adopt the idea of communism like China, the Soviet Union, Egypt, Vietnam, Cuba, and North Korea.

They are the closest to this idea, but none of these countries have fully achieved or yet achieved a purely communist structure.

The abolition of money, elimination of class system, and personal properties are all the areas where communism was never achieved even the closest of communist countries.

This is because everyone wants power nowadays. In communist states, you’re bound to government and cannot speak against them.

Socialist countries include Sweden, France, Norway, and Canada. They have many socialist policies but in reality, their economies depend upon the capitalist and traditional practices.

They have provided free health care and freedom of speech.

In socialist countries, you have the right to speak against the government. So, in my opinion, a person living in a socialist country is living a far better life, because he can live and earn on his own.

He doesn’t have to rely on the government for everything. He can fulfill his dreams in addition to his necessities.


Word Cloud for Difference Between Communism and Socialism

The following is a collection of the most used terms in this article on Communism and Socialism. This should help in recalling related terms as used in this article at a later stage for you.

Communism and Socialism 1
Word Cloud for Communism and Socialism



  1. https://www.econlib.org/library/Enc/Communism.html
  2. https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/socialism/