Difference Between Confederate and Union Constitution

The Constitution is an essential part of a democratic country. All the regulations and fundamental rights of citizens and governing bodies are written in the constitution. The situation and needs differ from country to country. The Confederate constitution and union constitution are two types that are implemented in America and India due to their specific needs and certain situations.

Confederate vs Union Constitution

The main difference between the Confederate and Union constitutions is that the confederate constitution was laid out to support state rights while the union constitution centralizes the power in one hand that is the Central Government. The Confederate constitution was suitable for the situations in America after independence while India needed a union constitution.

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The full name of the Confederate Constitution is The Constitution of the Confederate States. It was considered to be the supreme law in the confederate American States. The Confederate States Constitution was implemented on 11 March 1861. This constitution added various important clauses related to terrorism and slavery. Its first executive was held on 22 February 1862.

The Union constitution is a constitution where the power is divided equally in each unit of the nation. The Indian constitution is the Union Constitution that reflects all the specifications of a union constitution. The Indian constitution is considered to be the supreme law of India. India is a union of its states and other territories.

Comparison Table Between Confederate and Union Constitution

Parameters Of ComparisonConfederate ConstitutionUnion Constitution
YearThe confederate constitution was constituted in the mid-1900s that came into effect on 22 February 1962.The Union Constitution was being constituted for a long time and it came into effect on 26 January 1949.
ReasonThe confederate constitution was constituted after the civil war between the southern and northern provinces of America. The union constitution was constituted after the independence of India when its states and territories have fallen apart.
Power-sharingThe Confederate constitution gives power to all states equally who then connect to the central government. The union constitution gives more power to the central government, but states also have separate powers.
NeedThe confederate constitution was required to raise questions on slavery in the states and to make them independent. The union constitution was required to string all states and other territories together which were separated and broken away.
FocusThe main focus of the confederate constitution was the slave also referred to as ‘negro slave’ of American states. The main focus of the union constitution was to unite separate states and territories. The Union constitution assembled them all.

What is Confederate Constitution?

The Confederate Constitution is also known as The Constitution of the Confederate States. It was adopted in America after the ending of the American civil war in 1865. The Confederate Constitution came into effect on 22 February 1962. The jurisdiction of this constitution was across federated states of America. The Confederate Constitution provides the system of a Constitutional presidential republic and it has 3 branches.

The type of chambers in The Confederate Constitution is bicameral and the highest executive or authority is the President. In this constitution, the judiciary has been also divided into 3 parts which are Supreme, Circuits, and Districts. As the name suggests, it follows the federalism system for a ruling. The Confederate Constitution shares many similarities with the preambles at the same time it gives a different feel like a new preamble.

When the confederate constitution was made, it adhered to the rules described in the US constitution in its main body. But it made notable changes in the specific articles. This constitution was ratified by congress. The confederate constitution was signed by the President of Congress, Howell Cobb, and many other precious political personalities.

Alexander Stephens, who later became vice president of confederate states, made a statement that the confederate constitution that was constituted keeping in mind various specific objectives, was “decidedly better than” the other constitution known as the American one.

What is Union Constitution?

The Indian constitution is a union constitution that was implemented on 26 January 1949 and became effective on 26 January 1959. It is divided into three branches that are the judiciary, legislature, and executive. The union constitution of India was constituted by the constituted assembly. Part-1 of this constitution is dedicated to the Union and Its territories. Part-1 consists of the information about the union of states for the nation and India as a country.

The laws on the establishment of various states, reshuffling and merging of the borders of union territories and states. The words like Central Government, union, territories, union territories, acquired territories, states, territories of states are thoroughly in the union constitution of India. India, according to the constitution, is a nation made of unity of the states and its territories.

Since the country India is considered as a union of states and territories, these states can differentiate on multiple parameters such as geological, cultural, political. Regarding these terms, amendments are written in the constitution and multiple Acts were enacted by the Indian government. Also, states have been given some exclusive powers such as they can impose tax or royalty on the objects that are minerals and other elements extracted from their territorial waters.

Main Differences Between Confederate and Union Constitution

  1. The confederate constitution was necessary for the problems rising in American states after the civil war while the union constitution was necessary for the Indian circumstances after independence.
  2. The confederate constitution was made for the development of the slaves. On the other hand, the union constitution was made to give a new direction to the country.
  3. The Confederate constitution gave power to the states per unit while the union constitution assembled the states under a central government.
  4. The main cause of the formation of the confederate constitution was the American civil war while the union constitution was formed after being independent of British rule.
  5. It was the year 1962 when the confederate constitution was implemented upon states while the union constitution was implemented in 1950.

Conclusion

The Constitution is a collection of laws, rules, rights, and regulations of a particular country. Almost every independent or democratic country has a constitution to follow. The relationship between ruling bodies or government and citizens is described by the constitution.

A constitution can be large or medium. It is used to signify the duty of the ruling party and citizens. Confederate and union are the types of the constitution since each nation has its specific political conditions and needs.

The structure of a constitution is based on these conditions and needs. The Constitution is required to keep harmony and balance among the people of the nation.

References

  1. https://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=zQ4wzvvk5dIC&oi=fnd&pg=PP11&dq=confederate+constitution&ots=8axhM8LCfj&sig=mnh60JnghOfDUhtARehAE7ZHFk8
  2. https://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=buUOzMe8SBEC&oi=fnd&pg=PR11&dq=union+constitution&ots=clfRjCZeYl&sig=RLKDY2JLlVax6_nyYZ-Zvi50YjE
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