With the emergence of digitalization, innovations will likely be robbed without direct authorization from any third party.
In the developed world, IPR is a significant force in global exchange as well as in the indigenous trade of each country.
Since the emergence of digitization, there have been strong incentives for third-party theft of artistic innovations without proper consent.
Two significant types of Intellectual property are copyright & trademark. They are tricky to understand and often confusing.
Copyright vs Trademark
Copyright is a form of legal protection for original works of authorship, such as books, music, and software. It gives the copyright owner exclusive rights to reproduce, distribute, and perform the work for a limited time. A trademark is a symbol, word, or phrase that identifies and distinguishes a particular product or service from others. Trademarks are used to protect brand identity and prevent consumer confusion.
Copyright is the exclusive right granted to the author of an artistic work to replicate the work, typically for a specific period. At the same time, in the case of a Trademark, the owner can be a person, a business organization, another legal body, etc.
|Parameter of Comparison||Copyright||Trademark|
|Act-Law||The Copyright Act of 1957||The Trade Marks Act, 1999|
|Relevant Section||Section 14||Section 2(1)(zb)|
|Meaning||Copyright enables the exclusive right to do or permit someone else to do such actions about (1) original, literary, theatrical, musical, and artistic plays, (2) cinematographic film (3) sound recordings.||A trademark is a conspicuous emblem in the form of a term, phrase, product, or label attached to articles of commerce to signify to the public that they are goods manufactured or otherwise dealt with by a particular entity as distinct from identical goods produced or exchanged by other persons.|
|Administered by||WIPO(World Intellectual Property Organisation)||WIPO(World Intellectual Property Organisation)|
|Duration(India)||The author’s or artist’s life, with sixty years counted from the year after the author’s death.||The registration period of a trademark shall be ten years, which may be extended for a further term of ten years following payments of the specified renewal fees.|
|Example||Books, albums, screenplays, drawings, and copyrights also protect computer software and programs.||Brand names like Apple, and McDonald’s, Product names like iPod, Company logos like the golden arches at McDonald’s, and Slogans like Capital One’s “What’s in your wallet?”|
What is Copyright?
Copyright is a form of intellectual property that, due to the rapid technological advances in publishing, music, communication, entertainment, and the computer sector, has been growing in recent times.
Copyright seeks to enable writers, composers, artists, and designers to create original works by encouraging them by giving them special rights for a specific duration of time to use the work for business gains and by licensing the work.
Almost all of the world’s countries are members of at least one of the two Conventions- the Berne Convention and the Universal Convention of Copyright. India is a member of both conventions and protects Indians’ copyright.
Subject Matter of Copyright: Works in which copyrights subsists-Section 13
Copyrights subsist only in certain classes of works-
- Original literary, dramatic, musical, and artistic works
- Cinematographic films
- Sound Recordings
Sections 22-29: deal with the duration of copyrights.
It states that irrespective of the author’s nature (i.e., Natural or Artificial person) or the work is anonymous when published during the author’s lifetime; it subsists for the author’s lifetime plus sixty years after his death.
When co-authors do the work, the 60 years span will start on the last author’s death. In anonymous publications, it will be 60 years from the date of publication, and if the author’s identity is revealed, 60 years starting from the year of death of the author.
What is Trademark?
A trademark is a recognizable image, phrase, word, or logo representing and legally identifying a particular item from all other products of its kind.
The exclusive trademark acknowledges the brand’s ownership and acknowledges only the product as belonging to a specific entity.
When licensed, no other company can use the same symbol or set of terms forever as long as it is in use and proper paperwork and fees are charged for it.
The Trademarks Registry has been established for registering trademarks, managing the register, and related matters. The procedure for the registration of trademarks is mentioned in sections 18 to 24 of the 1999 act.
Duration of a Trademark is dealt with under sections 25 and 26- If the application for registration after its advertisement is unopposedly decided in favor of the registration, the mark will be registered as of the date of application for registration, and 1st registration period is for 10 years after that, it has to be renewed from time to time paying the requisite fee.
Main Differences Between Copyright and Trademark
- Copyright seeks to protect the writers’ literary, artistic, and dramatic work, while Trademark seeks to protect items that describe the brand of a product and its identity.
- Right arising out of Copyrights protects from reproducing the original works and derivatives in Trademark right to use the mark and prevent others from using it.
- Duration is 60 years after the author’s lifetime in copyright and 10 years in Trademarks which can be renewed from time to time.
- The Copyright Office controls copyright application and others; Trademark application is controlled by the Controller General of Patents, Designs, and Trademarks.
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