Difference Between Corrective Action and Preventive Action (With Table)

Corrective action and preventive actions are both concepts and practices that go together. They are together known as CAPA. Both these concepts were bought into practice for risk-based analysis and analysis of hazards happening. Both are very essential for the after and before of any kind of political, social, or climatic hazardous damage in any country.

Corrective Action vs Preventive Action

The difference between corrective action and preventive action is that the process of corrective management is a root of quality management which are the activities that are carried out for rectifying an error, and on the other hand, the process of preventive action are several proactive measures that help in rectifying plans related to a particular organization.

An action that takes place for handling the nonconformity that had taken place is known as a corrective action. A corrective action works in such a manner where it takes into consideration the critical condition of nonconformity that occurred with a certain intensity of risk it generates in an organization.

An action that keeps an eye on focusing on a non-happening of a possibility of a nonconformity so that it does not arise again is known as a preventive action. In short, when a preventive action is carried in a specific organization, it helps to reduce the chances of a future uncertain event that was going to happen or had already happened before and avoid the second time.

Comparison Table Between Corrective Action and Preventive Action

Parameters of ComparisonCorrective ActionPreventive Action
MeaningThis is an organization, or a company are plans that are set for identification of the root cause of problems.This is an organization or a company with a set of activities for the identification of potential risks that might occur in future.
NatureThey are reactive.They are proactive.
ActivitiesThis occurs in such a manner that practices such as audits, investigations, and analysis are carried out in an organization.This takes plan in such a manner that practices such as identifying causes of a particular problem are carried out.
Time of occuranceThis takes place before the event occurs.This takes place after the event occurs.
CostThis cost more.This cost less.

What is Corrective Action?

For overcoming the risk of any nonconformity occurring once again, corrective action is taken place. A lot of times, there is an analysis that takes the place of nonconformity to happen in the future. This is done through internal and external scanning in an organization. To avoid the occurrence of these, corrective action plays an essential role.

Through the internal and external scanning, when a person knew what kind of nonconformity might occur, through the corrective action process, they get to know the intensity of issues that would make this nonconformity happen. They regulated the safety measures, etc., according to the demand of customers as per the need, fit, and requirements.

The practice of corrective action helps in reducing the transparency level and also helps in fixing the issue, which sets a benchmark for the future development of an organization. This helps to avoid events and development of these events in a more useful way which will secure the energy emitted through it and used in some other way.

What is Preventive Action?

The practice of preventive action is an action practised for a no happening of a future uncertain event. In this practice, there is light given to the reinforcement of any related specific process. This is done to avoid the occurrence of the uncertain event and to dignify the same systematically.

In this prevention action process, it helps to set the measures and plans to take place when that uncertain nonconformity might take place in the future at a certain point. It focuses on the assumption that when that event would occur, there should be the execution of proper and systematic planning that should be implemented at that time. This helps in the identification and anticipation of an event way before it occurs.

The practice of prevention action helps an organization for locating the discrepancies. This is done only through Analysis of trends and audition internally through customer review carried out. This helps in improving the effectiveness of any kind of damage or uncertain event happening in the future for an organization or a company.

Main Differences Between Corrective Action and Preventive Action

  1. The corrective actions in an organization or a company are plans that are set for identification of the root cause of problems, and on the other hand, the preventive activities in an organization or a company are set of activities for identification of potential risks that might occur in future.
  2. The corrective actions in an organization or a company are reactive, and on the other hand, the prevention activities in an organization or a company are proactive.
  3. The process of corrective action takes place in such a manner where practices such as audits, investigations, and analysis are carried out in an organization, and on the other hand, the process of prevention action takes plan in such a manner where practices such as identification of causes of a particular problem are carried out.
  4. The corrective actions in an organization or a company take place before an uncertain event occurs, and on the other hand, prevention action in an organization or a company takes place after the event occurs by pre-planning of measures to be taken.
  5. The prevention action is less in cost as compared to corrective action, and on the other hand, the other hand, the corrective action is costlier as compared to the prevention action.

Conclusion

The corrective action and the prevention action both aim at systematic planning of an organization and planning. Even though both these actions are practised under the same root that is quality management, they both have a vast difference between them. Their differences between corrective and preventive action lie in how they function, what characteristics they possess, and many more.

While both these practices have their similarities, their vast difference cannot be ignored. One should know the basic differences between corrective action and preventive action. This would lead an individual to have a long business life for his company and carry functions and working smoothly of his business.

References

  1. https://academicjournals.org/journal/AJPP/article-abstract/4EF704756791
  2. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0955388699000880
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