Decoder vs Demultiplexer: Difference and Comparison

The combinational logic circuits are used in networking and telecommunication systems as they have n inputs and outputs.

It does not have any memory, and hence the output of the circuit depends on the present input state and does not get affected by the previous input state. Decoder and Demultiplexer are the types of combinational logic circuits whose difference is as follows.

Key Takeaways

  1. A decoder is a combinational logic circuit that converts coded inputs into coded outputs; a demultiplexer is a combinational logic circuit that takes one input and distributes it to multiple outputs.
  2. Decoders decode binary data from an encoded source, such as memory or registers; demultiplexers distribute a single data stream to multiple locations.
  3. Decoders are used in digital circuits, while demultiplexers are used in analog circuits.

Decoder vs Demultiplexer

The difference between Decoder and Demultiplexer is that the decoder has n number of inputs, whereas the demultiplexer takes only one input. The output of the decoder is double the number of inputs (2n). On the other hand, the output of the Demultiplexer depends on the number of selected output lines.

Decoder vs

Decoder circuits are designed to convert binary information in applications like seven-segment display, multiplexing, and address decoding in-memory systems. The decoder system takes multiple inputs and produces outputs using the AND and NAND gates.

If the circuit takes n inputs, then the decoder generates two to the power of n (2n) number of outputs. Decoders do not use any device to input the data as in the demultiplexer.

The demultiplexer is the circuit designed to execute general logic along with a multiplexer. It is used to transmit signals from one destination to others and is hence termed as a distributor.

The demultiplexer takes an input signal using data routers and then converts it into multiple output signals based on the selected lines. If the user selects n lines, then the demultiplexer generates 2n outputs.

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Comparison Table

Parameters of ComparisonDecoderDemultiplexer
DefinitionThe circuit decodes the binary information by taking n input signals to 2n output signals.It is a combinational logic circuit designed to convert a serial data signal at the input to parallel data at its several output lines.
Boolean Expression ImplementationIt uses AND gate or NAND gates and NOT gates.It uses six individual gates consisting of AND, NOT gates.
Input and output linesIt has n inputs lines and 2n output lines.It has one input and 2n outputs of selected lines.
Opposite  The encoder is the inverse of the decoder.The multiplexer is the inverse of Demultiplexer.
ApplicationData routing, memory decodingData recovery in clocks, serial to parallel conversion

What is Decoder?

Decoders are also combinational circuit that changes the code into many signals when enabled. That is, the decoder detects the particular code. It is a simple logic circuit that has N inputs and 2n outputs.

It converts the binary data to other codes like in the 3-to-8 decoder, it converts binary to octal data, in the 4-to-10 decoder, it operates as BCD to decimal converter, and in the 4-to-16 decoder, it converts binary to hexadecimal data. 

The decoder is also found in the control unit of the central processing unit. It is also used to decode program instructions and commands to activate the specific control line so that the ALU of the CPU is carried out for different operations.

Decoders are also used to implement the Boolean functions using AND gates and NAND gates. The internal circuit is the same for both the decoder and DEMUX.

Some of the applications of decoders are that it is used for high-performance memory decoding and data routing that requires shorter transmission delays. Now a day, Decoders are used in networking and telecommunication systems.

What is Demultiplexer?

The demultiplexer is a digital logic circuit. It is also called a data distributor. The action of a Demultiplexer or DEMUX is opposite to a multiplexer or MUX. For example, DEMUX transmits data from one to N output device, whereas MUS transmits from N to one device.

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The DEMUX mainly generates Boolean functions in decoder circuits by using AND gates and NOT gates. Different types of DEMUX are presently based on output configurations.

They are 1-to-2, 1-to-4, 1-to-8, and 1-to-16 DEMUX. Some most commonly used DEMUX IC packages are 

  • TTC 74LS138à 1-to-8 output DEMUX
  • TTC 74LS139à dual 1-to-4 output DEMUX
  • TTC 74LS237à 1-to-8 output DEMUX with address latches
  • TTC 74LS154à 1-to-16 DEMUX
  • TTC 74LS159à1-to-16 DEMUX
  • CMOS 4514à 1-to-16 DEMUX input with latches.

In this, some standard DEMUX IC packages have additionally implemented output pints which keep the lid on the input from being passed to the selected output.

Some latches built into the output are used to maintain output logic levels after input addresses change. The DEMUX IC packages are also used as decoder IC packages but with different names, like 74159 are used for 4-to-16 line decoders.

Some of the applications of DEMUX are it is used as a clock data recovery solution, packet broadcaster in ATMS, serial to parallel converter, wavelength router, and stores the output of ALU.

Main Differences Between Decoder and Demultiplexer

  1. The decoder is a logical circuit that converts binary information into different data formats like hexadecimal, octal, BCD, and others. On the other hand, Demultiplexer converts the serial data into parallel data. 
  2. The decoder has n numbers of input lines, but the Demultiplexer takes only one input line.
  3. The decoder takes data as input, and the Demultiplexer takes signals as input. 
  4. The decoders give 2n number of outputs, and the Demultiplexer gives several outputs based on selected lines.
  5. The decoder’s functions are opposite to encoders, whereas the Demultiplexer functions are opposite to multiplexers.
References
  1. https://www.google.co.in/books/edition/Digital_Design/JCfNBQAAQBAJ?hl=en&gbpv=1&dq=digital+design:+basic+concepts+and+principles+john+f+wakery&pg=PP1&printsec=frontcover
  2. https://www.google.co.in/books/edition/Digital_Electronics/Ljsr7UA83ScC?hl=en&gbpv=1&dq=digital+electronics+by+anil&printsec=frontcover

Last Updated : 22 June, 2023

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24 thoughts on “Decoder vs Demultiplexer: Difference and Comparison”

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