Difference Between Deer and Antelope (With Table)

The entire ecosystem of the planet earth rests upon a number of organisms. These creatures walk on the land, fly in the air, and swim in the water. All of such animals or birds are very crucial to nature as they all play an irreplaceable role in the environment and the ecosystem.  

Deers and Antelopes are two such animals roaming around the planet, which are almost identical to each other in terms of appearance. But in reality, these two have a lot of differences between them. These two directly influence the lives of all other organisms residing on this planet. So, it is very crucial to evaluate the distinction between them.  

Deer vs Antelope 

The difference between a Deer and an Antelope is that the former belongs to the Cervidae family while the latter belongs to the Bovidae family of goofed animals roaming on planet earth. Another major difference between the two lies in the types of horns they own. With a different habitat and other attributes, a clear line of distinction can be marked between them. 

Primarily a deer is an animal having even toes and hooves upon it. It happens to be a member of the Artiodactyl clan, which also includes sheep, goats, horses, etc. However, within this clan, the family of Derrs is called Cervidae. The main distinction between a Deer and other species is that a Deer does not have definite horns. It rather has branched antlers.  

While on the other hand, an Antelope is very similar to a Deer in its outer appearance, but it does not have antlers. It has permanent horns above its head. It belongs to the Bovidae family of the Artiodactyl clan and has a life span of around 20 years generally. 

Comparison Table Between Deer and Antelope 

Parameters of Comparison Deer  Antelope  
Meaning  Deer is an animal having even toes and belonging to the clan Artiodactyl. Antelope is a look-alike animal of a Deer belonging to the clan Artiodactyl, bearing certain different features than the Deers.  
Family  It belongs to the family of Cervidae. Other members belonging to this same family are- Pudu Chital All other kinds of Deers etc. It belongs to the family of Bovidae. Other members belonging to this family are-  Blackbucks Nilgai Chikara  Gazelles  Hangul etc. 
Types of Horns They have antlers which they tend to shred at regular time intervals. These antlers have a structure of branches in them.  These have horns that stay with them for their whole lifespan. These horns are usually straight or slightly twisted or tilted.  
Life Span  The normal lifespan is of around 20 years. The normal lifespan is of 10 to 25 years generally, 
Habitat  Majorly found in the wild of Asia or North America.  Majorly found in the wild of Asia or Africa.  
Total Species A total of 62 species of this animal have been recognized till today. A total of 91 species of this animal have been recognized till today.  

What is Deer? 

Belonging to the Cervidae family of the Artiodactyl clan of four-legged animals, Deers are a prominent species in such category. They are one of their kind and are usually found in the wild areas of Asia and North America. As per the findings, a total of 62 species of Deer are said to be found to date. Some of them are- Reindeer, Mule, Roe deer, Moose, Chital, Elk, etc.  

Antlers are present in all-male members of this category, although females in some species do not seem to have them. These animals’ antlers tend to degrade into rags with the passage of time. The antlers of these animals are frequently twisted, slanted, or branching. 

Deers have been considered an integral aspect of the ecosystem and natural food chain from the dawn of human history. Other members belonging to this same family are- Pudu Chital All other kinds of Deers etc.

What is Antelope? 

Antelopes, like Deers, are four-legged mammals belonging to the Bovidae family of the Artiodactyl clan. Due to their resemblance to Deers, they are frequently misidentified as such. In many ways, though, these are not the same as the Deers. Humans have discovered a total of 92 species of these animals yet. Nilgai, Blackbuck, Chikara, Gazelles, and other animals are among the most popular. 

The most important phenomenon which differentiates antelopes from Deers is their horns. Antelopes possess permanent horns which are born with them and remain with them till the end of their life. They never ever tear their horns into rags. Most of the Antelopes reside in native Africa more than any other place.  

Their horns act as their defensive strategy and are mostly used as a weapon to fight other animals to safeguard themselves. Antelopes are presumed to live for about 25 years in a normal course. 

Main Differences Between Deer and Antelope 

  1. A Deer is a member of the Cervidae family of the Artiodactyl clan, while an Antelope is a member of the Bovidae family of the Artiodactyl clan of animals. 
  2. The most crucial difference between these two is that Deers have antlers (branch like horns), while Antelopes possess permanent horns. 
  3. A Deer is said to have a lifespan of around twenty years in normal circumstances. While on the other hand, the normal lifespan of an Antelope is assumed to be around twenty-five years.  
  4. A total of 62 species of Deer have been found to date, some of which are- elk, moose, mule deer etc. While a total of 91 species of Antelopes have been found to date, some of which are- impala, waterbuck etc.  
  5. Deers are mainly seen in the wild of Asia and North America, while Antelopes are majorly found in the wild of Asia and Africa. 

Conclusion 

If the entire planet is considered a giant house, numerous species residing in it are like family members inside the house. Looking at the number of these species, it is next to impossible to exactly count them. With this much variety of animals present in the ecosystem, it sometimes becomes difficult to differentiate between some species which somehow look similar to each other. 

Deers and Antelopes are the two varieties of hoofed species which are almost identical to each other, making it very difficult to create a line of difference between them. However, if the emphasis is put upon their horns, habitat, and habitat, one can easily differentiate between the two. 

References  

  1. https://books.google.co.in/books?hl=en&lr=&id=fJdNAAAAMAAJ&oi=fnd&pg=PA17&dq=deer+and+antelope&ots=EhrBCbkimr&sig=r4aChdY2yoCV2Y65UBLTAraPIwU&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=deer%20and%20antelope&f=false
  2. https://academic.oup.com/jmammal/article-abstract/70/2/335/841273
x
2D vs 3D