Detritivores vs Decomposers: Difference and Comparison

Decomposers and Detritivores are living organisms thought to be the same because they have the same diet. But they are not the same; they have different specifications and characteristics, making them very different.

Key Takeaways

  1. Detritivores are organisms that consume dead organic matter and break it down into smaller particles; decomposers are organisms that break down dead organic matter into simpler compounds through chemical reactions.
  2. Detritivores include animals like earthworms, woodlice, and millipedes, which ingest and physically break down organic matter; decomposers include microorganisms like bacteria and fungi, which chemically break down organic matter.
  3. Detritivores convert dead organic matter into feces, which decomposers further break down; decomposers play a critical role in returning nutrients to the soil.

Detritivores vs Decomposers

The difference between Detritivores and Decomposers is that decomposers are microorganisms that decompose organic material, whereas detritivores feed on dead and decompose organic matter by oral ingestion. Also, decomposers are microorganisms with three types of detritivores, scavengers, and saprophytes.

Detritivores vs Decomposers
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Comparison Table

Parameter of ComparisonDetritivoresDecomposers
GeneralIt is one of the three types of decomposers.It is an organism.
Chemical processDetritivores do not use chemical processes to decompose substances.Decomposers use chemical processes to decompose substances.
The method used for breaking downIt breaks down organic material via oral digestion.It breaks down organic material by releasing enzymes.
Consumption of Organic matterDetritivores eat organic matter.Decomposers secrete enzymes for the decaying of the dead.
Reason for ConsumptionDetritivores consume detritus to obtain energy.Decomposers’ main role is to break down the organic matter.
OrganismsWorms, crabs, etc.Most bacterias and fungi

What are Detritivores?

Detritivores are heterotrophic organisms that get nutrition by feeding on detritus, an organic matter consisting of dead plants and animals. Detritivores also use the feeding strategy, which involves the consumption of feces, called coprophagy, to get nutrition.

Also, detritivores break down the organic matter by oral digestion and absorb its nutrients. The maximum types of species, detritivores, don’t have bones, like mites, beetles, butterflies, mollusks, earthworms, woodlice, etc.

Detritivores are also found in marine surroundings; some are crabs, lobsters, echinoderms like sea stars, and cucumbers. Many marine species have similar traits or roles in the ecosystem, like terrestrial ones that live within the sea bed.

Detritivores play an important role in the ecosystem by decomposing dead and decaying materials. They contribute to the most important cycles of the ecosystem, such as the carbon cycle, nitrogen cycle, and phosphorous cycle.

They feed on primary producers, herbivores, and carnivores, which is why they are present throughout all trophic levels in an ecosystem.

Detritivores also contribute to the ecosystem’s energy cycle as detritivores commonly get eaten by secondary consumers, giving energy to the secondary users. They are also important as they remove the dead, which can cause multiple diseases and infections.

detritivores

What are Decomposers?

A decomposer is an organism that breaks down organic matter like the remains of dead organisms. These organisms are responsible for decomposing the dead, which is important for the ecosystem. It recycles the organic matter present on the earth.

Some examples of decomposers are fungi such as mushrooms, bacteria, etc. Decomposers play a very important part in the ecosystem because they are responsible for breaking down and recycling organic matter.

The decomposers also do this decomposition process for themselves, as they are heterotrophic, and they need the energy to survive, which they get from the organic matter which they decompose.

The dead provides nutrients for decomposers like bacteria and fungi, which they utilize to grow and reproduce.

The side effect of this surviving process is that the organic material and nutrients get cycled throughout the ecosystem as these bacteria and fungi later get consumed by other organisms for survival. Decomposition is a long process, and there are certain stages of decomposition.

When an organism dies, it takes five stages to decompose: Fresh, Bloat Active Decay, Advanced Decay, and Dry/Remains. The two main processes that play an important role in the decomposition are autolysis and putrefaction.

Autolysis is the process in which the organism’s cellular enzymes break down its cells and tissues, and putrefaction is a process in which the microbes grow and reproduce throughout the body.

The five stages are: 

  1. Fresh: In this stage, autolysis and putrefaction begin as soon as the organism’s heart stops beating, resulting in no oxygen consumption in the body and the build-up of carbon dioxide.
  2. Bloat: In this stage, a buildup of gases occurs due to putrefaction, and the organism appears bloated.
  3. Active Decay: In this stage, The organism’s body starts losing mass, liquefaction, and disintegration begins. The body starts producing chemicals that cause a very bad smell.
  4. Advanced Decay: In this stage, most of the mass has already been decomposed, so a very less amount is left, and if the organism is in or on the soil, the surrounding soil will take the required nutrients for plants.
  5. Dry/Remains: Only dry skin and bones are left in this stage. Plants may grow nearby because of increased nutrients in the surrounding soil. At last, only bones will be left.
decomposers

Main Differences Between Decomposers and Detritivores

  1. Decomposers are organisms that decompose organic matter, and detritivores are decomposers that do the same task.
  2. Decomposers use chemical processes to decompose substances, whereas detritivores do not use chemical processes to decompose substances.
  3. Decomposers break down organic material by releasing enzymes; that is, they secrete enzymes for decomposition, whereas detritivores break down organic matter by oral digestion, that is, they consume it.
  4. Decomposers’ main role is to break down the organic matter, whereas detritivores consume it to gain energy, which is important for survival.
  5. Most bacterias and fungi decompose, whereas boneless creatures like worms and butterflies are detritivores.
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References
  1. https://setac.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1897/08-075.1
  2. https://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=-M7DFmuYvBYC&oi=fnd&pg=PA169&dq=detritivores+and+decomposers&ots=j-y2w7T-wx&sig=FIEQRYx4MGCafIfMWYLMPt_HCY0

Last Updated : 11 June, 2023

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22 thoughts on “Detritivores vs Decomposers: Difference and Comparison”

  1. The article provides a detailed and informative overview of detritivores and decomposers, offering valuable insights into their ecological functions.

  2. The inclusion of real-world examples of detritivores and decomposers enriches the content and makes it more relatable to diverse ecosystems.

  3. This article provides a clear and concise explanation of the differences between decomposers and detritivores. The comparison table is incredibly helpful in understanding the distinctions.

    1. The detailed breakdown of the stages of decomposition is fascinating and really adds depth to the discussion.

  4. The detailed comparison between detritivores and decomposers is enlightening. This distinction is crucial for understanding ecological processes.

    1. I found the section on autolysis and putrefaction to be particularly fascinating. It offers valuable insight into the complexity of decomposition.

    2. Understanding the nuances of decomposition and nutrient cycling is fundamental to appreciating the interconnectedness of life within an ecosystem. This article does a great job in presenting this.

  5. This piece offers a comprehensive examination of detritivores and decomposers, shedding light on their essential roles in maintaining ecosystem health.

  6. I found the section about detritivores in marine environments particularly interesting. It’s great to see a comprehensive analysis of the different detritivore species and their roles in the ecosystem.

    1. The impact of detritivores on the energy cycle is often overlooked, so I appreciate the emphasis on their importance in the ecosystem.

  7. The explanation of autolysis and putrefaction in the decomposition process was enlightening. It really sheds light on the intricacies of this vital ecological function.

  8. I appreciate the thoroughness of the content, particularly the emphasis on the contribution of detritivores and decomposers to the energy cycle within an ecosystem.

    1. The ecosystem truly relies on these organisms to maintain balance and function effectively. This article highlights their significance.

  9. The role of decomposers in the recycling of organic matter is a key aspect of ecological sustainability. This article emphasizes this role effectively.

    1. The practical implications of decomposition are laid out in a way that underscores its significance. It’s a great read for those curious about the ecological impact of these organisms.

  10. I think the distinction between detritivores and decomposers is crucial to understanding the functioning of an ecosystem. This article does a great job in making that clear.

    1. The importance of detritivores and decomposers in nutrient cycling cannot be overstated. This article effectively conveys their role.

    2. Absolutely, being able to differentiate between the two types of organisms can greatly enhance our comprehension of ecological processes.

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