Difference Between Insecticide and Pesticide (With Table)

Insecticide and pesticide are products chemically designed so as to kill unwelcomed plants and insects that disturb and interrupt the main plant needed from growing at a faster rate. In the long run, this combination of chemicals that are designed scientifically helps in the better yield of required crops. These bot work for the betterment of crop yield, but they kill different types of plants infector. 

Insecticide vs Pesticide

The difference between insecticide and pesticide is that insecticides attack particular types of insects and kill them, whereas, in the case of pesticides, they do work upon protection from all types of plants or insects that are all pests that exist in general, keeping the main required plants safe.

Insecticides come under the subdivision of pesticides. It helps to protect the required crop of plants from a particular type of insect. These chemicals help the plants to grow by protecting them against harmful insects and providing them with a better surrounding them with actual things they need to grow, and this surely does not includes insects.

Pesticides are harm removing substances for plants. They help to reduce the growth of weeds, kill animals and insects that harm the crop, and overall help the plant grow in a better environment. There is much subdivision of pesticides that are specially designed to attack particular insect that is more prone around that particular area.

Comparison Table Between Insecticide and Pesticide

Parameters of ComparisonInsecticidePesticide
Protection FromIt gives protection from insects and mammals of a particular type.It gives protection from all types of environmental threats in general.
TypeIt is a sub-division of pesticides.It has several further divisions.
Poisonous It is more poisonous comparatively.It is less poisonous comparatively.
WeedsIt does not destroy weeds.It destroys weeds as well.
ExampleDDC, 4-D, etc.DDC, Boric, etc.

What is Insecticide?

Insecticides are a combination of toxic chemicals which help to protect animals from all kinds of harmful insects such as ants, bugs, worms, drain flies, beetles, red and black bugs, etc. Chlorinated hydrocarbons, pyrethroids, carbamates are some common insecticides ingredients used in agriculture as well as urban areas.

These are made with a combination of toxic substances and are specific with the type of insect they help to omit. They work by killing an insect that gets poisoned by eating the substance or just by coming in contact with it. Many insects generally do not come close to crops with insecticides which hence save the main crop from gaining damage.

One can find insecticide for rats and mice, which is called rodenticides, insecticide DDT and Snake out spray help to save crops from snakes. Further, there are various types of insecticides for various other living organisms destroying the crops. As the population of the world is increasing, it becomes important that edible crops are saved from other environmental factors, and insecticides are one of them.

The government allows for only those insecticides that have no big disadvantage to the public’s health. However, other than health factors, various other environmental elements are subjected to loss due to the use of insecticides. They include rivers, lakes, soils, and important substances for healthy growth.

What is Pesticide?

Pesticide, as the name suggests, is used for protection from all kinds of birds, animals, and insects. It is mostly used in general and does not attack a specific type of creature. In general, if anyone wants to protect crops, lawns, indoor plants, they can use pesticides recommended by the specialist.

Pesticides are designed in such a way that it helps in saving the crop overall. It also does reduce weeds which are unwelcomed plants that harm and interrupt the growth of the main needed plants one tries to grow. Chlorpyrifos is one such pesticide recommended and used by many farmers in different countries.

These substances also make sure that the crop is safe from diseases and the farmers are safe from a loss that occurs due to crop failure. Overall, these substances save the farmers from loss and the public from any kind of shortage of grains in the market.

However, the farmers on any kind of worker in the fields come in direct contact with pesticide both through air and skin, and this put them at high risk of poisoning by pesticide which could cause several diseases as well as death, in case of serious poisoning. These chemicals also are very harmful to birds and fishes as a lot of the chemicals get mixed with land and water resources which is where they find their food from.

Main Differences Between Insecticide and Pesticide

  1. Insecticide falls under the sub-category of pesticide, which means it is one of its types.
  2. Insecticide targets one particular type of insect or organism in general, whereas pesticides act as protection from all kinds of threats to the main crop.
  3. The insecticide has more poison content than that of pesticide.
  4. Insecticide does not help in destroying the weeds growing along with the main crop, whereas pesticide does.
  5. Examples of insecticides include DDC [diethyl dithiol carbonate], 4-D, whereas examples of pesticides are Boric acid DDT, etc.


Both pesticides and insecticides, if used correctly, have great advantages to the farmer and the feeding population in general. However, nowadays, the increase in their use has caused harmful effects on natural resources such as soil, water bodies, air, etc. It is very important that farmers and workers of the field use protective gear when in contact with these substances, as direct contact with these substances can cause poisoning and health hazards when seen in the long run. There are many types of insecticides and pesticides available in the market. They work well for lawns, agriculture, home garden, indoor plants, etc.


  1. https://www.doc-developpement-durable.org/file/Culture/Arbres-Fruitiers/FICHES_ARBRES/Dattier-du-desert_Balanites%20%C3%A6gyptiaca/Molluscicidal%20activity%20of%20Balanites%20aegyptiaca.pdf
  2. https://www.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=SaQ-GE038okC&oi=fnd&pg=PP7&dq=pesticide&ots=FCXVigEgm8&sig=3DQ-9BoHYXzQXORDpVlJLreOqCo
2D vs 3D