Evaporation vs Condensation: Difference and Comparison

At the point when we concentrate on fluids in science, we will, in general, hear words like vanishing and buildup a ton.

In comparison, these words will, in general, solidify the equivalent, yet they are entirely unexpected with regard to the idea of the cycles. Plus, water is utilised as an illustration to comprehend these ideas.

Key Takeaways

  1. Evaporation is the process of converting a liquid into a gas, while condensation is the process of converting a gas into a liquid.
  2. Evaporation occurs when heat is applied, while condensation occurs when heat is removed.
  3. Evaporation is responsible for the water cycle, while condensation is responsible for the formation of clouds and precipitation.

Evaporation vs Condensation

Evaporation is the process of vaporization that happens on the surface of a liquid when it turns into the gas phase, involving the sun and a puddle of water. Condensation is a process in which water vapour in the air is turned into liquid water and is responsible for the formation of clouds.

Evaporation vs Condensation

In Evaporation, as the Sun warms water in a puddle, the puddle gradually contracts. Likewise, as water in a pot heats up, the level of the waterfalls. These are two instances of dissipation.

The water appears to vanish, yet it really moves into the air as a gas called water fumes.

Condensation happens when atoms in a gas cool down. As the atoms lose heat, they lose energy. Particles become less active when this fume interacts with cooler temperatures and comes nearer to one another.

Therefore, they delayed down. They draw nearer to different gas atoms. At last, these atoms gather together to frame a fluid.

Comparison Table

Parameters of ComparisonEvaporationCondensation
DefinitionBy definition, evaporation is an interaction where water changes into a fume. Condensation is the contrary interaction where water fume is changed over to tiny beads of water. 
OccurrenceEvaporation happens before a fluid arrives at its limit. Condensation is a stage change paying little heed to the temperature. 
Molecular CombustiuonAs far as sub-atomic development, when a fluid is warmed or a critical factor is diminished, the powers of fascination between particles are low. The liquid then, at that point, vanishes to a gas. When a gas is cooled or the critical factor is expanded, the powers of fascination between particles become solid. The gas then, at that point, gathers to either a fluid or even a strong.
EnvironmentVanishing can happen on all surfaces, consistently, and at all spots. Evaporation is continuous when the air is dry, hot, and breezy.Condensation happens on salt, hygroscopic cores, dust grains, carbon particles, and so on when the air temperature is diminished past the degree of immersion. 
Role of EnergyAt the point when evaporation happens, energy is devoured. During the time spent condensation, energy is delivered.

What is Evaporation?

Take a measuring stencil and put water in it. Presently, place this container on the fire and continue to warm it. After a few moments, you will see that water begins bubbling and changes into a fume.

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This wonder is called vaporization. Presently, have you seen that if a glass of water falls on the floor and nobody wipes it at the same time, after some time, it dries?

Similarly, wet garments evaporate after some time. Do you know how? As we realize that particles of the issue are continually moving and are never very still, it implies they have various measures of motor energy at multiple temperatures.

On account of fluid, also a tiny part of particles at the surface, having higher motor energy, can split away from the powers of the fascination of different particles and get changed over into fumes.

This wonder of the progress of fluid into fumes at any temperature beneath its limit is called vanishing. Dissipation is a surface wonder. If the surface region is expanded, the pace of dissipation additionally increments.

For instance, we spread garments out to dry them quicker. Dissipation is a surface wonder. If the surface region is expanded, the pace of dissipation additionally increments. For instance, we spread garments out to dry them quicker.

evaporation

What is Condensation?

Once more, take a container and put water in it. Presently, place this container on the fire and continue to warm it. After a few moments, you will see that water begins bubbling and changes into a fume.

Presently, cover the container with a top and quit giving it heat. Following a brief, when you take out the cover, you will see water beads on one side of the top. This is because water fume gets consolidated and changes into fluid once more.

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The buildup is the difference in the actual condition of the issue from the gas stage into the fluid phase. This is the opposite wonder of vaporization.

At the point when you take out a chilled soda bottle from the refrigerator and keep it to the side after drinking, then after some time, you notice tiny drops of fluid on the outer layer of the jug.

This is likewise an illustration of buildup. It happens when the fume in the warm air meets an excellent surface and chills off to change its state. Like different issues, water additionally comprises molecules.

These molecules are enthusiastic, so they move quickly. These particles are a long way from one another when they are as fumes.

Along these lines, particles become less active when this fume interacts with cooler temperatures and comes nearer to one another. Subsequently, the fume changes into fluid after arriving at the edge energy level.

condensation

Main Differences Between Evaporation and Condensation

  1. By definition, evaporation is an interaction where water changes into a fume, while condensation is the contrary interaction where a water fume is changed over to tiny beads of water. 
  2. Evaporation happens before a fluid arrives at its limit, while condensation is a stage change, paying little heed to the temperature. 
  3. As far as sub-atomic development, when a fluid is warmed or a critical factor is diminished, the powers of fascination between particles are low. The liquid then, at that point, vanishes to gas, while when a gas is cooled or the critical factor is expanded, the powers of fascination between particles become solid. The gas then, at that point, gathers into either a fluid or even a strong.
  4. Vanishing can happen on all surfaces, consistently, and at all spots. Evaporation is continuous when the air is dry, hot, and breezy, while condensation happens on salt, hygroscopic cores, dust grains, carbon particles, and so on when the air temperature is diminished past the degree of immersion.
  5. At the point when evaporation happens, energy is devoured, while during the time spent condensation, energy is delivered.
Difference Between Evaporation and Condensation
References
  1. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0017931079901728
  2. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0017931000000867

Last Updated : 29 August, 2023

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8 thoughts on “Evaporation vs Condensation: Difference and Comparison”

  1. This article clearly and concisely explains the differences between evaporation and condensation, providing clear examples to help understand the concepts. Well done!

    Reply
  2. The article provides practical and relatable examples to explain both evaporation and condensation, making it easy to understand the complex concepts.

    Reply
  3. The author does a great job explaining the concepts of evaporation and condensation, shedding light on the more intricate aspects of these processes.

    Reply
  4. This article delves into the scientific aspects of evaporation and condensation, providing a deep understanding of the molecular processes involved.

    Reply
  5. The article provides a detailed comparison between evaporation and condensation, and effectively communicates the role of energy in both processes.

    Reply
  6. It’s quite refreshing to come across an article that explains scientific concepts like evaporation and condensation in such an articulate and detailed manner.

    Reply
  7. The author does a great job explaining the finer details of evaporation and condensation. I appreciate the thoroughness of the comparison table provided.

    Reply
  8. The scientific approach to explaining evaporation and condensation is commendable. The article provides a comprehensive understanding of these phenomena.

    Reply

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