Dividend vs Distribution Yield: Difference and Comparison

As more and more people begin to dabble in their share of investing, it is imperative to distinguish ways to know more about the value of their investment. Dividend and distribution yield serve as insightful metrics for such a cash flow.

What differs is the period involved and the type of return. They are both considered valuable options for sustainable investment income growth.

Key Takeaways

  1. The dividend yield is the ratio of a company’s annual dividend payment to its stock price, expressed as a percentage.
  2. Distribution yield is the total income an investment generates, including dividends and interest, divided by the investment’s price, expressed as a percentage.
  3. The dividend yield is more commonly used for stocks, while the distribution yield is used for investment funds such as mutual funds and exchange-traded funds (ETFs).

Dividend Yield vs Distribution Yield

The difference between dividend yield and distribution yield is that they are expressed as ratios of different types of returns. The dividend yield is a ratio of dividends over a financial year to the company’s current share price. Distribution yield is expressed as a ratio of annual distribution to the fund’s value. Dividend and distribution yield is a percentage of a company’s market value.

Dividend Yield vs Distribution Yield

The dividend yield is a financial ratio (dividend/price) that shows how much a company pays out in dividends each year relative to its current stock price. Before getting into what counts as a dividend yield, it is essential to note what a dividend is.

A dividend is a portion of an organization/company’s earnings distributed amongst its shareholders. This amount largely depends on internal decisions taken by the organization’s board of directors. They serve as a reward to a venture’s investors.

Your returns determine the distribution yield through an exchange-traded fund (ETF). As opposed to dividend yield, it is not calculated by aggregating the returns over a certain period but rather is determined by considering the past month’s return.

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In this, the most recent distribution is taken into consideration. This distribution is then extrapolated for the annum (i.e., multiplied by 12). The resultant value is then divided by the Net Asset Value (NAV) of the said fund at the time of purchase. This is done with ETFs.

ETFs are funds to track a single commodity or a selection of commodities, sectors, and the like.

Comparison Table

Parameters of ComparisonDividend YieldDistribution Yield
Metric of ComparisonPrice per shareNet Asset Value (NAV)
Time PeriodUsually 12 months, i.e., over a yearUsually, the most recent month (1 month)
Employed byCompanies/OrganisationsFund or a trust
CalculationDividend Yield = Aggregate of annual dividends per share/price per shareDistribution Yield = (30-day distribution amount x 12) / end of month NAV
Paying OutIt is paid through dividend checks or additional stock, every quarter. They paid either electronically or by check. Usually, dividends are paid out quarterly; capital gains are paid out annually.

What is Dividend Yield?

Dividend yield allows for value realization through stock price appreciation and company payouts. Since dividend yield is determined based on annual dividends, they are considered less risky than other investment forms.

Regardless, it is important not to base one’s investment plans solely on a company’s dividends.

For instance, if a company pays 5 rupees of dividends over 12 months and has a current share price of 100 rupees, then the resulting dividend yield would be 5%. In addition, the payment of dividends is not considered a mandatory practice for any organisation in the investment world.

Therefore, the organization in question can discontinue paying dividends. Hence, it is essential as an investor not to put one’s eggs in the same basket as one with the highest dividend payout alone.

dividend yield

What is Distribution Yield?

In the case of distribution yield, the most recent distribution is considered. This may prove risky at times since the value banks on one month’s (the most recent) distributions are annualized.

This leaves room for projections that can be skewed as minute financial give and take is not captured. This is attributed to the period taken into account in the calculation. It is possible that special dividends, when not adequately accounted for, may reflect a higher distribution yield.

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Although distribution yield looks at the most recent distribution, a company can look at the past 12 months’ distribution at their discretion. They are employed while gauging the cash flow through an investment vehicle instead of an organization. 

Suppose a fund is priced at 100 rupees per share, and 50 paise is the outlined interest payment collected monthly. The interest is then multiplied by 12 for an annualized 6 rupees. Dividing 6 rupees by 100 rupees will give us a distribution yield of 6%.

distribution yield

Main Differences Between Dividend Yield and Distribution Yield

  1. Dividend-paying stocks allow investors to profit through stock price value appreciation and payouts made by the company. However, distribution yield is based primarily on cash flow.
  2. A dividend yield is a valuable tool for clear comparison indicators between two potential companies; however, distribution yield helps measure a company’s past performance against its current.
  3. The dividend yield reflects the value of dividends alone, whereas the distribution yield includes capital gains/losses.
  4. The dividend yield is preferred by companies/organizations, whereas distribution yield is employed as a metric for an investment vehicle like ETF.
  5. The return of capital, i.e., capital gains in a distribution yield calculation, is not taxed as opposed to a dividend yield that is entirely taxed.
References
  1. https://sci-hub.se/https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0304405X97000020
  2. https://sci-hub.se/https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0304405X74900063

Last Updated : 11 June, 2023

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23 thoughts on “Dividend vs Distribution Yield: Difference and Comparison”

  1. The explanation of how dividend yield and distribution yield are calculated is very clear-cut. Kudos to the author for simplifying complex financial concepts!

    Reply
    • I totally agree. It’s a testament to the author’s skill in making intricate financial topics understandable to a wider audience.

      Reply
  2. It’s evident that the author possesses a deep understanding of dividends and distributions. The inclusion of real-world examples brings clarity to the subject matter.

    Reply
  3. This article provides a valuable understanding of the risks involved in relying solely on dividend or distribution yield for investment planning. Insightful and thought-provoking.

    Reply
    • Absolutely, the risks associated with over-reliance on these yield metrics and the need for diversification are crucial points to consider.

      Reply
  4. The author provides a detailed insight into dividend and distribution yield, including the importance and risk factors associated with them. An enlightening read!

    Reply
    • Absolutely, the risks associated with basing investment plans solely on dividends or recent distributions are effectively conveyed.

      Reply
  5. This article effectively highlights the nuances of dividend and distribution yield. A well-researched piece that deserves commendation.

    Reply
  6. This is a truly comprehensive analysis of the differences between dividend and distribution yield. The author highlights the key takeaways very clearly. It’s impressive!

    Reply
    • Absolutely! The in-depth comparison table is particularly useful for investors to understand the distinction between the two types of yield.

      Reply
  7. This article is quite informative, but it seems to lean towards favoring dividend yield over distribution yield. Perhaps a more balanced perspective could enhance its credibility.

    Reply
    • I understand your point, but the bias towards dividend yield may stem from its historical stability when compared to distribution yield.

      Reply
  8. While the article is informative, the author’s preference for stocks over funds in terms of dividend yield and distribution yield is evident. The focus could have been more balanced.

    Reply
  9. The analysis of dividend and distribution yield underlines the importance of considering a comprehensive array of factors in investment decision-making. A well-argued piece.

    Reply
    • Agreed, the article effectively advocates for a holistic approach to investment strategies beyond relying solely on yield metrics.

      Reply
  10. The article has brilliantly explained the calculation process for both dividend yield and distribution yield. It’s a must-read for anyone interested in investments.

    Reply
    • I completely agree! The examples used to illustrate dividend yield and distribution yield are very helpful in grasping the concept.

      Reply

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