Difference Between Dubbed and Subbed (With Table)

There is a craze for movies, shows, anime, etc., which cannot be explained. People all around the world, no matter what age group, enjoys watching it. Many different types and genres of movies, videos, etc., are available so that the viewers can choose and watch according to their preference. Earlier, people only could watch videos that were of a language that they understood, whereas now they have the privilege to watch any video of any language.

Technology has taken an immense leap and improves every day. This has made it possible for people to understand any video, audio, any foreign material. Dubbed and subbed are two methods that provide translation to the local people to have a better understanding. They both have their differences, pros and cons.

Dubbed vs Subbed

The difference between dubbed and subbed is that dubbed removes the original voice track of the video and replaces it with another language of the adopted country, whereas subbed just adds subtitles on the video while the original voice track remains. Subbed is a less mainstream method than dubbed.

Dubbed refers to the dubbing of any video. It removes the original voice track of the video and replaces it with a voice track of the adapted country (in the language needed). It should be carefully done as it has to sync with the lip movements of the dialogues in the original video. It can also be used to add sound effects to the track according to their wishes. The timing of the dubbed voice and the actor’s dialogue should be the same, or else it might lag, and the scene won’t match the dialogue leading to confusion.

Subbed refers to subtitles; this is a technique to add subtitles to a video of a foreign language. The original audio and language of the soundtrack are retained. Subtitles are captions that appear on the screen for the viewers to read and understand the video content. The viewer has to be quick in reading the subtitles to match the timing of the scene. No content is changed, and hence it is considered pure by all the fans.

Comparison Table Between Dubbed and Subbed

 Parameters of Comparison Dubbed Subbed
 Refers to Dubbing Subtitles
 Definition  Dubbed removes the original soundtrack and adds/replaces it with a new voice track. Subbed retains the original sound and just adds subtitles as captions for the reader to read.
 Voice Quality The voice quality can differ due to uncertain conditions. The voice quality remains intact.
 Types Lip sync, voice-over, lectoring, looping, etc Hard-subs, soft-subs, internal, external, etc.
 Costs Can be expensive Comparatively less expensive
 Cons The audio might lag, the meaning may change in a different language, etc. The subtitles may not match the dialogues. The reader needs to be fast in reading the captions.

What is Dubbed?

Dubbing is a method of providing the translation of any foreign language. It means to add or alter the sound. Dubbing is a post-production process that adds new sounds, dialogues to the audio track according to the language that is being dubbed. The dub shots are synchronized carefully according to the lip movements of the original track.

Dubbing is also done on shots that do not have a good quality of sound to hide the mistakes in the dialogues of a video or lines of a song. To get high quality, regardless of the actual conditions that occurred during the shoot, the actors just lips the dialogues or songs and then dub the sound later while editing. 

Sometimes synchronized filming can prove to be expensive for few filmmakers, and hence they opt for the dubbing method for soundtracks. Synchronized audios can get disturbed by several reasons such as air traffic, the distance of the actors from the MIC, mistakes by the actors, continuous re-takes, etc. All these can be rectified by dubbing.

This method has several advantages, it helps the viewers to concentrate better on the content, as they are familiar with the language, and they won’t have to rewind the scene several times, to understand the dialogues in the plot or the scene. Script translation, voice casting, voice actor recording, dialogue mixing, release are steps that are involved in dubbing.

There are different kinds of dubbing –

  • Lip sync
  • Voice over
  • Lecturing
  • Looping or ADR ( automatic dialogue replacement)

What is Subbed?

Subbed refers to subtitle; it is a technique that makes it easy for the viewers to watch any foreign language video, a video of a language that they are not familiar with. This technique adds subtitles as captions in the videos. It does not tamper with the original video. These captions appear on the screen, and when the dialogues are delivered, the respective subtitles are displayed. The viewers read the subtitles to understand the scene.

This is a less mainstream way of doing transactions for videos. It requires undivided attention from the viewer, or there is a high chance for them to miss out on the dialogue and will have to rewind to understand. Few people prefer this method as the movie content hardly changes. It is considered to be ‘pure’ by few fans; the essence remains intact. This method proves to be useful for deaf people; this also allows people to watch videos anywhere without disturbing others, and subtitles are considered to be a way of learning a new language.

One should select the audio for subtitling, then enter their lines, save and then encode them. You should select any platform you want to add your subtitles to and then upload the file. You can also turn them on/off from the menu option given as and when you like. 

Subtitles are easily available online; you can download them and add the file to your video. Usually, platforms like Netflix, Prime videos, etc., give their viewers an option of 5-6 languages to choose from. Formats – sub rip (named with the extension .srt), substation alpha (also called SSA), sub viewer (used with .sub extension), timed text (real-time captioning), micro DVD.

 There are three common types of subtitles

  • Hard-subs/ open subtitles
  • Pre-rendered
  • Soft-subs/ closed subtitles

Another category of subtitles are –

  • Internal (single video file container)
  • External (broadcasted as separate files)

Main Differences Between Dubbed and Subbed

  1. Dubbed refers to the dubbing method, whereas subbed refers to subtitles.
  2. Dubbed removes the original soundtrack and adds/replaces with a new voice track, whereas subbed retains the original sound and just adds subtitles as captions in the video.
  3. The dubbed method is comparatively a little expensive, whereas subbed is not so expensive.
  4. Lip sync, voice-over, lecturing, looping are types of dubbing, whereas hard-subs, soft-subs, internal, external are types of subtitles.
  5. In dubbed audios, sometimes the voice quality may get affected due to uncertain conditions, whereas the voice quality remains intact in subbed.


These are two of the many ways that show how our technology is improving in all fields. Such techniques do jobs easy for the makers and viewers as well. Dubbed and subbed are concepts used widely in a world where movies, videos, and other such material releases now and then, it is where necessary to have such techniques.

It helps to reach out to a wider viewer base and promote videos of all languages and cultures. The companies export and sell their videos to other countries. It also helps people improve their listening and reading skills.


  1. https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1057/9780230234581_7
  2. https://books.google.co.in/books?hl=en&lr=&id=MlW4AwAAQBAJ&oi=fnd&pg=PP1&dq=subtitling&ots=Aoy_9ziUP4&sig=JfpPW-T_hhLYKvLs2oDiQvoEmyM
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