General Practice vs Internal Medicine: Difference and Comparison

Today there exist several professions and work lines. Various people work in various fields. These fields hold several posts and designations.

People who work in services like medical care, police departments, etc., try and work hard to serve the nation. These departments hold several posts.

There are several types of posts and designations in the medical field alone. There are various specializations in which doctors work. A hospital itself has several departments where doctors with different specializations work.

Two of these types are 1. General Practice, and 2. Internal Medicine.

Key Takeaways

  1. The general practice addresses various medical issues, while internal medicine focuses on adult care.
  2. Internists specialize in the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of internal diseases.
  3. General practitioners serve as primary care physicians, offering continuous and comprehensive care.

General Practice vs Internal Medicine

The difference between a general practice doctor and an internal medicine doctor is the type of disease or disorder that is treated by the respective doctors. A general practice doctor diagnoses and treats diseases and disorders at a minor level or with less severity. On the other hand, the internal medicine doctor diagnoses and treats diseases and disorders whose severity is more.

General Practice vs Internal Medicine
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A doctor that provides the primary aid to prevent a certain disease from getting severe and treats a patient with acute disorders is known as a general practice doctor.

Some certain disorders or diseases require immediate care and attention so that they don’t spread more in the body and their severity won’t increase. A general practice doctor helps in such times by prescribing medications and appropriate treatment.

A doctor that provides intense care and attention to a patient who is suffering from a serious internal disease or disorder is known as an internal medicine doctor.

The disease or disorder that can not be cured by primary aid or medications requires attention from internal medicine doctors.

Comparison Table

Parameters of ComparisonGeneral PracticeInternal Medicine
Meaning/ DefinitionA doctor that provides the primary aid to prevent a certain disease from getting severe and treats a patient with acute disorders is known as a general practice doctor.A doctor that provides intense care and attention to a patient who is suffering from a serious internal disease or disorder is known as an internal medicine doctor.
Age groupsThey can provide medical care to people of all age groups. They render medical care to adults.
WorkplaceThey work in outpatient methods.They work in hospitals.
Inception1960s1800s
Trained forPreventive careComprehensive care

What is General Practice?

A general practice doctor is a doctor who diagnoses and treats a patient with acute disorders. When a person has a certain disorder, the immediate care and attention that is supposed to be given are given by general practice doctors.

General practice doctors also give the initial medications and treatment.

The inception of general practitioners began in the late 1960s. It was a result of the General Practitioners Movement.

The movement was regarding the growing level of specialization in the medical field and the threat to the relationship between a doctor and a patient.

Many Commonwealth nations address this post as a general practitioner. Some nations also address it as GP. The basic medical degree is different in different countries.

Many countries offer the degree in a certain period. The structure of the bachelor’s degree and the master’s degree is different in different countries.

The requirement of a general practice doctor differs from place to place. If a place is a rural area, then that place requires a general practice doctor. The need for a general practice doctor is less in metropolitan areas and cities.

However, a person must consult with a general practice doctor if he or she faces any disorder. They provide the primary aid for the respective disorder.

general practice

What is Internal Medicine?

A doctor who provides intense care and attention to a patient suffering from a serious internal disease or disorder is known as an internal medicine doctor.

They mostly work in hospitals. In various Commonwealth nations, they are also addressed as internists and physicians.

The medical conditions that take place inside an adult’s body need to be treated with an analytical examination and other procedures.

They require medical treatment and other aids to relieve a certain disorder. In such cases, an internal medicine doctor provides the required medical care and attention.

The reason behind internal medicine doctors work mostly in hospitals is because the patients treated by internal medicine doctors require extensive care and attention, and they undergo complex investigations.

Several tests and procedures need to be run sometimes when the cases are critical.

An internal medicine doctor’s job is a complicated one. There are several specializations in the medical field. Internal medicine doctors treat a patient after they diagnose what happened to the patient, and treatment is given accordingly.

internal medicine doctor

Main Differences Between General Practice and Internal Medicine

  1. A general practice doctor is also known as a “GP” or a general practitioner. On the other hand, an internal medicine doctor is also known as an internist or a physician.
  2. A general practice doctor requires fewer qualifications. On the other hand, an internal medicine doctor requires more qualifications.
  3. A general practice doctor is specially trained for preventive care. On the other hand, an internal medicine doctor is specially trained for comprehensive care.
  4. The inception of general practice doctors took place in the late 1960s. On the other hand, internal medicine doctors’ inception occurred in the 1800s.
  5. The general practice doctor can offer medical care to patients of all age groups. On the other hand, internal medicine doctors can offer their medical care to adults.
Difference Between General Practice and Internal Medicine
References
  1. https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/fbff/76fc3a5c46879f1fad6601c11087115648df.pdf
  2. https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamainternalmedicine/article-abstract/486642

Last Updated : 13 July, 2023

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