Difference Between Git and GitHub

In today’s world, you can get everything on your computer or laptop. Some websites and applications help you to buy things and deliver them to your doorstep. These websites and applications are made by programmers, who write several lines of code to command machines during the making of websites or applications etc.

Git and GitHub are the systems that help people to organize their files and source codes in a sophisticated way. These platforms make your work available or visible to other people who use the same platform. Mainly it helps you to gain popularity and proposals for future projects.

Git vs GitHub

The main difference between Git and GitHub is that Git is a type of software application that controls the changes in your files and your work and is mostly used for teamwork. GitHub is a hosting platform for collaborative work, which lets you work on the same project from anywhere in the world.

Git vs GitHub

Git was introduced in 2007 by Linus Torvalds as software that distributes and coordinates the work among a programming team. No matter where your team members live, the work will get transferred to them with the help of the internet. And the distributed work can be integrated whenever you want with high speed.

GitHub was launched in 2008 by Tom Preston-Werner, Chris Wanstrath, Scott Chacon, P. J. Hyett and introduced as a storage place for your Git platform work. It is a cloud-based platform because it hosts your work on the internet platform. GitHub is free from any type of spam and is fully secure.

Comparison Table Between Git and GitHub

Parameters of ComparisonGitGitHub
DefinitionGit is a dispersed form of control system that traces the changes of the source code in a specified period. GitHub provides a hosting service for a team of online coders or programmers.
Interface typeGit requires an interface type because it is just command-line software. GitHub is itself a graphical interface tool and does not require any extra tools.
Release and foundationGit was developed by Linus Torvalds and was initially released in 2007. GitHub was established in 2008 and was developed by a team that contained four people.
Main FocusGit is mainly focused on code sharing and version control. GitHub is mainly focused on concentrated source code hosting.
User management Git is a platform that has no user management features or functions. GitHub is a platform that is fully loaded with user management features.
License type Git is an open-source licensed software system and does not require any pay for usage. GitHub has both free and subscription versions and, both include licenses.

What is Git?

Git is a popularly used version control system that runs a huge range of highly designed projects or works. For using Git you need to install it in your local operating system and, there is no usage of the internet for maintaining or operating it. It stores all your local programming files.

When compared to other version control systems Git is very easy to handle and contains many features or functions for free as it is free of cost or any extra charges. It is mainly designed to handle the text files which are the main files or the basic notepad files of a code or program.

The most exclusive feature that Git provides you is a branching feature that helps you to create and maintain a local coding area where you can do experiments with your main codes’ specific lines without changing the original text files.

What is GitHub?

GitHub is mainly an online database that helps programmers to store their files virtually and edit them without even storing that file in their local systems. GitHub provides basing hosting services free of cost, but if you want more features and plugins in your projects, then you need to pay them as specified on their subscription policy.

For using GitHub people need to create an account on the GitHub website with their basic details like email id, phone number, and name, etc. And if they have a team they can include them on their GitHub account. As GitHub is a cloud-based platform, it can be accessed through any personal computer or laptop.

The security measures in the GitHub platform are very high as only an authorized person can log in to their specified account with their special password and username. And can share their codes to other platforms too.

Main Differences Between Git and GitHub

  1. Git is a dispersed form of control system that traces the changes of the source code in a specified period. On the other hand, GitHub provides a hosting service for a team of online coders or programmers.
  2. GitHub is a concentrated source code hosting platform. Whereas, Git is indulged in sharing the code and version control on the local system.
  3. Git is a platform that does not contain any functions related to user management. While GitHub is a platform that is fully loaded with user management features.
  4. Git demands an interface-type system because it is just command-line software. Whereas GitHub is itself a graphical interface tool and does not involve any extra tools for interface requirements.
  5. Git is owned and maintained by the Linux Foundation and is open-source software. While GitHub was purchased by Microsoft in 2018 and now its all rights are owned by Microsoft.

Conclusion

Programming helps people to operate machines with their wishes. Programming includes codes which are special languages that are interpreted into machine languages for machines to understand. There are many platforms, that offer flexibility and many features for coders to work together and develop future applications with the help of cloud-based services as it creates virtual storage where people can store their data and can integrate the data at any platform. Git and GitHub allow these functions and, both are interrelated as GitHub acts as Gits repository. But GitHub is more advanced as it includes many tools like Drone, Buildkite, and many more for integration purposes.

References

  1. https://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=aM7-Oxo3qdQC&oi=fnd&pg=PR3&dq=git&ots=3axcGKXjwa&sig=V9SzRg5-fet-GKQPBxlssiYD1kw
  2. https://dl.acm.org/doi/abs/10.1145/2597073.2597074?casa_token=3Em7cV1iukAAAAAA:JmD1a2uNBp8VssHwscAxB96Wd0qJIiIUDGWzbPdxSKs_SutQcXCS-7l6RrNa9wsJi857rH7Hjns3
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