Difference Between Git and SVN

The version control system is a system that allows an individual to save files on the internet. These files can change as well.

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Git vs SVN

The difference between Git and SVN is that Git is an open-source distributed version control system. SVN is a central distributed version control system. 

Git vs SVN

Comparison Table

Parameters of ComparisonGitSVN
BranchingThe branches in Git are easy to edit or delete. This process does not result in conflicts. The branches in the directory are a pain to work on. This difficulty is because this results in three conflicts.
StorageLarge binary files are difficult to store in these systems.Large binary files are easy to store, and they do not take as much place.
User FriendlyGit has a much more complicated interface and functionality. SVN has a more straightforward interface that one can use comfortably in a short period.
SpeedChanges can take place at a faster rate because of the easy branching.Editing a file on SVN can be challenging as it has a more rigid directory.
Saving changesA distributed system will include a local repository in which new files containing changes can be present. A centralized system includes a central server only, and hence changes are seen in the original file directly. 

What is Git? 

Git is an open-source system that works on the principle of distributed version controls. The fact that it is a distributed version control system implies that working with this system is much faster.

Git does have a few disadvantages as well.  Git cannot store large binary files in its repositories. 

It possesses the command line interface. This means that a developer can type in a single command into the interface as a response to any visual prompts.

What is SVN?

SVN is also known as Subversion, is an open-source version control system. This system is maintained by a smaller group of individuals.

When a developer who works on files through SVN will be creating changes to the file directly in the original file, this can make it hard for multiple developers to work on one file at different times. In essence, the SVN contains a single central repository only.

In addition to this, the SVN repository sees division into branches. These branches are part of the directory.

Another disadvantage of having a central repository is that it will require a developer to be online at all times. This requirement implies that changes cannot be created in the file when the developer is offline.

One of the main advantages of this system is that it contains a large database of files that is accessible to the public. It saw its creation in 2004 , oneyear earlier than Git, and was one of its better-known version control systems.

It does have an interface that is easy to use. It also has a subversion tool known as Tortoise SVN. This tool finds use in creating a faster system. 

Main Differences Between Git and SVN

  1. SVN can store larger files in comparison to Git. 
  2. SVN uses centralized version control. This means that there will be a combination of the new files with the original file on the central server. 
  3. Git is faster as it shares its workload through a number of local repositories. SVN is slow as all developers work on the same central server and hence cannot offer a flexible workflow. 
  4. SVN has a more complex branching system. It involves working with a central directory. This is not the case with Git.
  5. Git uses local repositories that merge with the central repository later. Therefore, changes can be made later as well.

Reference

  1. https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/abstract/document/5069475/
  2. https://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=aM7-Oxo3qdQC&oi=fnd&pg=PR3&dq=Git+and+SVN&ots=3augOHQfwb&sig=GgMkvxFvPtn0ShwHiV9CKNbK6FM
  3. http://www.avneeshsarwate.com/static/papers/EarSketch_Collab.pdf
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