Difference Between Gloss and Satin (with Table)

Choosing suitable paint for the interior and exterior of our house can be a difficult task, so one has so many different options to choose from. It is broadly classified under one category that is “finish”. What finish it leaves on the end result plays an important role to determine the paint. Two such paints that are often confused as they give the same sheen but one less than that the other are gloss and satin.

Gloss and satin paint are paint that provides protection to a surface.  Satin gives a more transparent finish and does not hide flaws whereas gloss gives complete coverage and is capable of hiding every flaw. Gloss paints are also highly durable and can protect the surface it is coated on whereas satin is less durable and is not capable of completely protecting the surface.

The difference between gloss and satin is that gloss paints provide high sheen whereas satin paints provide moderate sheen. As the gloss gives a more shiny finish product they are highly reflective whereas satin finish leaves an ultra-shiny finish is not that reflective.

Comparison Table Between Gloss and Satin

Parameter of ComparisonGlossSatin
SheenHigh sheenModerate sheen
ShineVery shinyUltra shiny
ReflectivityHighly reflectiveLess reflective
Touch upEasy to reapplyTricky to reapply
DurabilityHighly durableLess durable
Pocket-friendly CleaningEasy to cleanDifficult to clean

What is Gloss?

Whenever one thinks of gloss it immediately refers back to the level of sheen in the paint. The gloss has the highest level of shine amongst all the other paints. Typical gloss paint contains 70%-90% gloss. The mirror-like reflection that the paint gives happens because the paint contains a lot of binders that give at a smooth finish when applied. It is also considered professional as the paint barely wears out.

The binder that is used in the gloss paint is alkyd resin, it is a long chain of polymers that are formed by the formulation of vegetable oil such as linseed oil along with organic acid and alcohol. Initially, gloss paints were manufactured as oil-based and it contains dangerous lead. But now these paints are also water-based and they contain chemicals that are not harmful.

Gloss paints provide durability and resistance to the surface hence it is mostly used for painting the outside of houses to protect them from aging. These paints are highly water-resistant and protect any surface from moisture.

gloss

What is Satin?

Whenever one thinks about satin it links back to a smooth and shiny velvety texture. Satin paint has a very mild sheen hence making them less reflective of light. Most people choose satin pain for their hallway, family rooms, bedrooms, and living room. Satin paints moderate durability as a result of which it does chip off easily in cases of harsh scrubbing.

Satin paints have a velvety touch to it. They are resistant to mold hence they are widely used to paint outdoor portions. Satin paints require a lot of effort to apply them. It is also not an easy task to reapply or retouch them. Satin paints do not cover any crack or badly patched spot.

Satin paints usually contain chemicals such as water, tithan, calgum, color, P.V.A., texanol, nitrosol, ammonia, and anti-fungal.

satin 1

Main Differences Between Gloss and Satin

  1. Gloss paints have a high sheen to them whereas satin paints have a moderate level f sheen to them
  2. Gloss paints are very shiny whereas satin paints are ultra-shiny.
  3. Gloss paints have a high sheen hence they reflect more light being highly reflective whereas satin paints have a moderate sheen to themselves hence they do not reflect that amount of light being less reflective.
  4. Gloss paints are easy to reapply whereas satin paints are a task to reapply.
  5. Gloss paints have more content of the binder in them making them more durable whereas satins paint contains less amount of binder restricting them from being highly durable.
  6. Gloss paints are more expensive as they provide a lot of factors whereas satin paints are pocket friendly.
  7. Gloss paints are easy to clean and remove stains  from whereas satin paints are difficult to clean and remove stains from

Conclusion

Paints are used to cover surfaces to prevent them from rusting and aging. They are also done these days to beauty their homes. In recent days a lot of different types of paints have been manufactured depending on their shine and other factors. Two of these paints are gloss and satin. These two paints can be classified under a lot of actors such as- sheen, shine, durability, price, application, cleaning, and reflectivity.

Gloss paints have a high sheen in them and are highly reflective as they reflect light due to their sheen. Gloss paint consists of a lot of binders as a result of which it gives the finished product a smooth appearance. Also due to the binder in it, the pain gets highly durable in nature and does not chip off easily. Gloss paint also covers flaws very effectively as they give high coverage.

 Satin paints have a moderate level of sheen in them and are less reflective compared to gloss. As they have less sheen they are not able to reflect much amount of light. Satin paints are also durable but less in comparison to gloss pains. They can stand harsh cleaning such as scrubbing. But cleaning a satin finish wall is not easy as a task as it does not leave its marks easily. Satin paints do not cover flaws easily and they are still visible.

References

  1. https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-1-4615-3812-7_10
  2. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S030094400300095X
  3. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0300944001002065