Festivals are celebrations of events alluding to cultural, ideological, or historical significance. Countries and religions honour their rich history and traditions significantly differently.
The Jewish community, in particular, observes festivals for new year’s, thanksgiving, and so on. Amongst these, Hanukkah or Chanukah is well known to the global audience.
- Hanukkah and Chanukah represent the same Jewish holiday but with different spellings.
- The different spellings result from transliterating the Hebrew word חֲנֻכָּה into English.
- Both spellings are widely accepted and can be used interchangeably.
Hanukkah vs Chanukah
The difference between Hanukkah and Chanukah is that despite the common origin, the way the spellings have evolved is distinct. This difference is due to the translation of the word from Hebrew to English. Both languages have different alphabets. When the word is transliterated to English, it is not possible to use accurate substitutions for certain Hebrew sounds and constants.
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Hanukkah is an important festival in Jewish culture and is known as the festival of lights. It is one of the most popular variants of spelling that is widely accepted.
It reiterates Judaism ideals, and the highlight of the festival is the lighting of the menorah. A menorah is a seven-branched candelabrum that signifies human knowledge and divine guidance.
Chanukah can be interpreted in different ways. The common belief is that it means the inauguration of the temple. Some sources explain that this word could also mean education.
History suggests that Greeks did not encourage Jewish education and passed decrees to suppress this practice. Chanukah celebrates the freedom to impart Jewish education to children.
|Parameters for comparison||Hanukkah||Chanukah|
|Etymology||The word has its origin in the Hebrew language.||A spelling variation of the word from Hebrew origin.|
|Popularity||Hanukkah is better known.||Chanukah is not popularly used in speech and reference.|
|Meaning||It translates to “dedication” and is the festival of lights.||Chanukah is known as “inauguration”. The meaning has historical relevance.|
|Acceptance||It is the most widely used spelling when referring to the festival.||It is used in a more traditional context of reference.|
|Symbolism||Lighting candles symbolizes the victory of light over darkness.||It celebrates the Maccabee victory and the temple purification|
What is Hanukkah?
Hanukkah is celebrated for eight days, usually in November or December. During winter, days are short, and light plays a vital role. Lighting the menorah is a key practice that is followed.
The traditional menorah had seven lights that later evolved into a candelabra of nine lights. Jewish culture was liberated with the temple’s rededication.
The significance behind lighting nine lamps is evident from history that states after the temple’s rededication, a menorah of seven lams was lit using one vial of oil that lasted eight days.
This occurrence was believed to be a miracle. It led to the evolution of lighting nine lamps-one for each of the eight days mentioned in history and an additional lamp for the day of dedication.
Eight candles are placed in line at the same level while one candle stands out from the rest. They are lit from right to left. The candelabra is a symbol of the festival and is called a hanukkiah. Traditionally, it was displayed outdoors.
In the old days, there were believed to be instances where being recognized as a person of Jewish faith posed risks, and the Hanukkiah was displayed indoors. At present, the way hanukkiah is displayed depends on individual practice and preferences.
What is Chanukah?
The roots of Chanukah can be traced back to events of the past. Around 2000 years ago, the kings of Syria and Egypt waged war over the control of the Land of Israel. Syria emerged victorious and began its reign.
The king did not favour the Jewish community, and several laws were decreed to suppress them. The empire then lost against Roman invaders and had to pay heavy taxes to them.
Around this period, the unfair treatment meted out to Jews had reached new heights.
There was a stark contrast in their beliefs. Judaism embraced truth and moral purity. The Syrian-Greek influence gave importance to outward beauty and idols. The war that resulted from a clash of ideologies came to an end with the victory of the Maccabees.
They were a group of Jewish warriors who rebelled against Greek oppression and successfully liberated Jerusalem. They then went on to rededicate the temple and removed the traces of other foreign influences.
The temple menorah was lit as a sign of triumph. This practice is one of the most important aspects of Chanukah. This was the start of a much longer journey in which the Maccabees won against the Seleucids, and The Land of Israel achieved independence.
Main Differences Between Hanukkah and Chanukah
- Both Hanukkah and Chanukah are accepted versions. The variations in spelling are because absolute accuracy is not possible in the translation of alphabets and words from Hebrew to English.
- Among the several variations of the festival, Hanukkah and Chanukah are popular choices. This popularity is mainly due to pop culture references. Amongst the two, Hanukkah is the more often searched terminology.
- Hanukkah stresses the importance of lights in celebration. Chanukah also emphasizes the significance of light, but the emphasis leans towards the events in history that lead to this significance.
- Hanukkah is the spelling that is most often used while referencing the festival. The usage of Chanukah is a close second. It is closely linked to the traditional sense. It is associated with the freedom to practice Jewish beliefs and education.
- While the essence of Hanukkah and Chanukah are identical, the minute difference in symbolism lies in the area of emphasis. Searches related to Hanukkah explain how the festival is celebrated. Chanukah relates what the story behind the festival is.
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Chara Yadav holds MBA in Finance. Her goal is to simplify finance-related topics. She has worked in finance for about 25 years. She has held multiple finance and banking classes for business schools and communities. Read more at her bio page.