Difference Between Horse and Mule

Horse and Mule belong to the family ‘Equidae’ and subfamily ‘Equus’. Both Horses and Mules have similarities and differences among themselves. Horses can reproduce whereas Mules cannot produce offspring. Horses can run faster than Mules. Mules have certain aspects of a Horse, but they cannot overtake a Horse in their athletic aspect.

Horse vs Mule

The main difference between Horse and Mule is that they vary in their athletic skills like better jumpers, dressage, best surefooted, smart, strong, and other genetic variations. Horses have a Horse father and a Horse mother, whereas a Mule has a Donkey father and a Horse mother.

Horse vs Mule

A horse has an aspect of traveling in groups. A horse has long tails, ponies, and manes. Their parents are both Horses, unlike Mules. According to their breed, they are different in their running speed and training period. Horses have short ears and are higher than Mules.

Mules are regarded to be very intelligent and smarter. Mules are known as Hinnys when they are born to two different parents that are from a Donkey father and a Horse mother. Such Mules have different characteristics than normal Mules. Two Mules cannot reproduce offspring.

Comparison Table Between Horse and Mule

Parameters of ComparisonHorseMule
ParentsA Horse has a Horse father and a Horse Mother. Horses can reproduce offspring. No two Mules can reproduce offspring. Mules have their parents as donkey fathers and horse mothers.
SpeedThe horse is the fastest racing animal than any other creature, which forms the reason behind using horses for races and battles in the ancient period. Mules are athletic and can run fast, Black Ruby is a Mule that can run faster and has won many races, but it cannot outrun a Horse of the same breed.
DressageHorses are better at dressage than Mules. Mules are much competitive in dressage with horses.
Responsive to RiderHorses react well to their rider’s commands, they coax if a particular direction is not good according to the horse. Mules can endure heat and have long-lasting memory. They are responsive but not as good as horses.
Smarter and StrongerHorses cannot learn and take actions on their own, they need someone to teach them and are quick learners. When it comes to smarter Horses are intelligent animals. Mules can learn on their own and make decisions accordingly. As they have very good memory they are very intelligent and smarter than Horses.

What is Horse?

Horses have evolved through centuries, from small dog-like creatures to these huge structures. They were used as domestic animals for various purposes during various civilizations. The bond between Horses and humans was very strong. They were used for agricultural purposes and locomotions.

Humans started creative various breeds of horses for various specific purposes. Horses made life interesting and easier. Horses have become the first friend of humans. Hunting horses is quite difficult as it is an athletic animal. There are more than 300 breeds of horses till today.

Horses are measured in the units called ‘Hands’. One hand is equal to four inches. Horses are 14-18 hands high. Their size and build determine their usage. Horses are used for riding, racing, and other purposes. Horses are diverse creatures with markings on their forehead and colors. They are seen in white, brown, gray, and black.

There are three types of Horses according to their temperament, they are cold blood, hot blood, and warm blood Horses. Each Horse has their usage according to its temperament. Cold blood horses are used for slow and moderate works. Hot blood horses are used for riding and racing, whereas Warmblood horses are in between Cold blood and Hot blood horses.

What is Mule?

Mules have their origin in the same period as Horses. Mule is an offspring of Mare and Jack. Mare is the female horse and Jack is the male donkey. Mules are infertile, no two mules can produce offspring. Mules are bred to form a diverse and unique animal.

Mules are used for domestic purposes as well to carry supplies during wars because they are very strong and reliable. They have good memory power and can learn and execute things on their own. Mules weigh between 50 -1000 pounds. They are 15 hands high. Mules have a very different body structure with a broader view in the front and downward towards to back.

Mules have large ears and thin manes and tails. Mules have very different colors and their color diversity is largely due to their parents. They come in brown, grey, white and they have variations among these colors which makes them very diverse and unique.

The temperament is beautifully formed which is due to their parents. Mules have their temperament with characteristics from their father and mother. Mules are intelligent and smarter than horses. Mules are surefooted which makes them efficient while traveling in terrains.

Main Difference Between Horse and Mule

  1. A horse has the same type of parents as a Father Horse and a Mother Horse. Whereas, Mules have their parents as Father Donkey and Mother Horse.
  2. A horse is considered to be the best racer and rider, whereas Mules are competitive to Horses but cannot outrun a Horse.
  3. A horse is less intelligent and does not have long-lasting memory, whereas Mules have long-lasting memory and can make decisions on their own.
  4. Horses date back to 3000BC, whereas Mules have a similar origin period. They are human-friendly animals and hard to hunt. They are used for domestic purposes.
  5. A horse is less smart than Mules. Mules are very smarter and hence they can learn by themselves.
  6. Horses are also protectors, but Mules are self-protector and it helps the rider as well. They show the direction which can be adopted and taken in route. If a particular direction is wrong they would show signs of refusal to their rider to make them be aware of the routes and directions.
  7. Horses can be seen in white, brown, black, and grey colors, whereas Mules are seen in various shades due to their parents and breed.
Difference Between Horse and Mule


Horse and Mule are ancient animals that belong to the family ‘Equidae’, they are as old as 3000BC. They were used for various purposes such as for carrying goods and supplies during the war, racing, riding, and sports. Both Horses and Mules have their uniqueness and differences. Horses are good athletes when compared to Mules.

Horses are used for racing and riding because they have high energy and are shown jumpers, whereas Mules have very good memory power who can remember things and learn on their own, which makes them unique. Horses and Mules are different in their characteristics and fertility process.


  1. https://europepmc.org/article/med/9281060
  2. https://genome.cshlp.org/content/22/10/1855.short

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